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The Reichstag Fire

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Introduction

The Reichstag Fire On the 27th February 1933, the Reichstag building was destroyed by a fire. The fire spread so quickly that is was believed to be arson. Marinus Van der Lubbe, a young Dutchman of low intelligence was arrested. Van der Lubbe was caught at the Reichstag building with matches and firelighters. Van Der Lubbe admitted to committing the crime, he was then tried and executed. The Nazi government claimed that it was the communists first move in a conspiracy to unleash a revolution in Germany . However others believed that the Nazis had caused the fire with Van Der Lubbe so as to provide an excuse for taking emergency measures against Germany's left wing parties. Finally, recent evidence suggests that Van Der Lubbe was responsible for starting the fire and that the Nazis had exploited the incident. Many people wonder if Van Der Lubbe did actually tell the truth or did the Nazis want an excuse to ban the communists and win the election on March the 5th. The rise of the nazis Adolf Hitler was a soldier who fought in the German army during World war 1. It had a huge effect on him as it was ''the first real purpose of his life'' and turned him into a very patriotic man. He was proud to be alive at such a time and felt great pride in representing his country. ...read more.

Middle

In 1929 Wall street in America crashed, causing a world wide depression which resulted in high numbers of unemployment. This was a chance for the Nazi party to offer a way out of the depression and to come up with some solutions for the unemployment. They promised tax cuts to the farmers which were now needed and also promised an increase in jobs. In the years following 1929, two parties benefited the most; the Nazis and the communists. In 1928 the nazis had 12 seats - in 1930 they had 107. The rise in votes meant that the Two parties were not bitter rivals and competed fiercely against each other to get elected into power. Source A6 is useful to a historian studying why people voted for the nazis because it was written by a leading nazi, Albert Speer writing in his memories after world war 2. This is a primary source and is therefore more reliable. It explains how he and his mother saw how the nazi party would bring hope to Germany. They liked the fact that the storm troops were on patrol and had things under control. This source may be slightly un reliable because it could be biased as he was a member of the nazi party. It may not be very useful to a historian because he was a member therefore only gave his point of view which was positive unlike other people who may have had different reasons for supporting the nazis. ...read more.

Conclusion

believe that he could not have started the fire alone as he was deformed and half blind so they concluded that other communists were also to blame. Other sources claim that there were seven people involved in plotting and committing the fire, these seven were: -Karl Ernst -Heines and Schultz (who were SA men) -Goering and Goerbels (who were Hitler's right hand men) -Sandler(who looked after Van Der Lubbe) -and Van Der Lubbe himself The SA men wanted to set fire to the building because they believed that they would be serving Hitler and doing him proud. An English journalist wrote source C1, it explains how ''even Hitler himself was not absolutely certain that the fire was a communist plot''. Him seeing Hitler acting this way with Goebbles will have made his suspicion of the nazi's plotting the fire no more. Source C2 is a report in ''the times'' newspaper which was a report issued by the Prussian authorities about how much the communists were to blame. This source is probably biased because the Prussian authorities were Nazis. In my opinion the Nazis put Van der lubbe up to setting the Reichstag building on fire. I think this because Van Der Lubbe would not have been able to commit the crime himself as he was mentally and physically disabled. I think he was set up by the Nazis because the Nazis wanted to secure their seat so thought that using a 'dumb' communist would set them up. ...read more.

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