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The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui Contextualising Brecht's life can be categorised into three individual eras.

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Introduction

Candidate Name: Bethany Weston Candidate Number: 4570 Centre Name: Oulder Hill Community School Centre Number: 33237 Unit 1 Play: The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui Contextualising * Brecht's life can be categorised into three individual eras. From his birth in 1898 to 1933 he resided in Germany, until the Nazis came into power in the Second World War and he was forced into exile. * He was born in Augsburg, Germany on 19th February, 1898. He studied philosophy and medicine at the University of Munich, before becoming a medical orderly in a German military hospital during the First World War. This experience reinforced his pre-established hatred of war and influenced his support for the failed Socialist revolution in 1919. This attitude of Brecht's influenced his writing, and is so reflected in The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui, through the satirical way that Brecht parodies Hitler's rise to power. * After the First World War, Brecht returned to University, but eventually became more interested in literature than medicine. In 1922 his first play, 'Bael' was produced, which was another play parodying fascism, as The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui does. * From 1933 to 1947, throughout the period of Hitler's power of Germany, he was in forced exile from his home country, in various parts of the world. ...read more.

Middle

Brecht was politically motivated to write each of these plays, using each one to convey a specific aspect of society that ought to be changed for the better. * Brecht developed a new approach to theatre, which was developed from those he'd been introduced to in his years in exile. He wanted his audience to see the stage as a stage and actors as actors, which contradicted the convention that plays were supposed to create an illusion, and draw the audience into the make-believe world created by the play. * The purpose of Brecht's new approach to theatre was to awaken the audience to his version of the truth about certain events taking place in society. Thus, he detested 'Aristotelian' theatre and the idea of the audience having to suspend disbelief. This hatred if depicted in Scene Six of The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui, through the presentation of the Actor, as he speaks dramatically: 'Art knows no calendar, sir! Say I. And art is my life. Alas'. * Also, Brecht used signs to ensure that the audience was aware that the play directly paralleled Hitler's rise to power. Through the play, Brecht overtly satirises Hitler's rise to power through using Arturo Ui, a totalitarian gangster who takes control of an economic crisis and uses it to his advantage. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler, and so reflectively Ui, was able to exploit this for his own means, establishing the perfect climate for the growth of the infamous Nazi party. In 1925 Hindenburg, a German World War I hero became president of Germany, accepted to this position by the country due to his hero status. He is paralleled by Dogsborough in the play. * The Historical events and figures within society are paralleled in the play as shown below; The Play Life Dogsborough Hindenburg -field-marshal in WWI. President of Germany 1925-33 Ui Adolf Hitler -founder of Nationalist Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazis) 1920 Giri Hermann Goring -head of Nazi air force Roma Ernst Rohm -head of the Nazi storm-troopers Givola Josef Goebbels -Nazi propaganda minister, an ex-journalist Dullfeet Dollfuss -Chancellor of Austria 1932-34, murdered by SS men Cauliflower Trust Junkers -Prussian landowners; from a rich, industrialised region Vegetable Traders Petty Bourgeoisie - people who supported Hitler due to fear if his power Dock aid scandal Osthlife scandal Warehouse fire trial Reichstag fire trial Chicago Germany Cicero Austria Mrs Dullfeet The Austrian people Hitler courted, making him stronger by having the country on his side Clark Franz von Papen -Landowner and Industrialist who became German Chancellor in 1932. Helped to pave the way for Hitler. Killing of Roma The night of the long knives, 30 June 1934 -Hitler ordered the execution of Rohm and other leaders. ...read more.

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