• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Roman Villa and farming.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Farming As mentioned in the first project, prior to the Roman invasion, the British mainly worked on the land. Many people supported themselves by working on the land, either as a farm worker or by owning their own land. However, the farms were not the big commercial enterprises we see today with crops, livestock and produce sold to make a profit. The farms in Roman Britain primarily supported the farmer and the workers and if there was any surplus that was sold at market. The farmer and his family lived in circular houses that consisted of just one room. In this one room they would cook, eat and sleep and even keep animals. If they had slaves that worked on the farm, the slaves had a smaller version of the circular house and these houses were spread out around the farm. The farmer would have grown crops similar to ones we find today, like barley, oats and wheat. ...read more.

Middle

The fire was the only method of cooking all the families' food. The houses were circular to minimise the amount of heat loss and the roof was shaped to allow rain and snow to run off easily. A very important factor when you consider the British climate. However, the Romans completely changed British farming. Not only did the Romans introduce new farming tools which made the British farmer more efficient, they also introduced the British farmer to a much higher standard of living by showing him how they built their houses and the higher standards of living accommodation they expected. Instead of a simple, cold wooden hut, the Roman villas were built of stone so were much warmer and stronger. They included central heating or the hypocaust system and sometimes running water. The walls were painted, the floors covered in intricate mosaics and the villas had glazed windows. These grand houses also needed furniture and decorations, which other than basics, were previously missing from the British farmhouse. ...read more.

Conclusion

Household slaves were often used in a household because of their skills, ie teaching, so had a much more important and personal role to play. The farms were large and had large number of slaves. The slaves would be working outside all day and would have very little contact with their master and would not develop any kind of relationship with them. This was quite different to the household slave who was often providing an essential and personal service, their masters often came to rely on them and would know their name. In fact, one Roman landowner described farm slaves as 'farming equipment with voices'. Master were known to mistreat their farm slaves and even though farm slaves did have some protection and a farmer could be charged with murder if he killed a slave, this was often ignore. A sick, or injured farm slave was useless to a farmer and became an unnecessary expense so they were often killed. However, by the first century AD, slaves were becoming increasingly scarce and therefore expensive to buy, so farmers did start treating them better. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. SLAVE TRADE PROJECT

    It was called The Emancipation Proclamation. The date was January 1, 1863. The slavery was prohibited throughout the country - America. 100 years after the African Americans were freed, they still were not considered equal in many parts of the country: Despite this, black people begin to fight for equal rights.

  2. Reichstag Fire

    It is also confusing for the reader as some of the facts about the rallies were predictable from Hitler after the incident of the Reich Stag fire that would give him the full opportunity to attack the communists. Q5. Study Source H and I.

  1. swansea and the Blits version 2

    But our luck ran out and we were shoot down bombing out own Twin Town, Mannheim. I was taken prisoner later of war at 3pm on January 5th 1945.' This tells us that later on after being in hospital whilst the bombing were happening around him he experienced fighting Germany himself.

  2. What is the Evidence for the Roman Occupation of the Antonine Wall?

    This would have made naval patrols possible to protect the river from being crossed by boat, with the left shore being protected by a large fort at Whitemoss, with two fortlets further west at Lurg Moor and Outerwards, to watch over the estuary.

  1. Sumer project

    On top of each ziggurat, there was a small temple to Ishtar or Anu or another god. The Sumerians also built tall walls around their towns, which were built mainly out of mud-brick, and were also solid. The Sumerians in each city-state built palaces for their kings, too.

  2. Did the Roman invasion of Britain happen in Sussex or Richborough in Kent as ...

    The answer being that the South coast would have been owned by the Atrebate tribe, and so would not be hostile towards the Romans, giving them a friendly territory to land on. If they were after a surprise attack they would be more likely to succeed by landing on friendly territory, as this would give them time to prepare.

  1. How does the Verulamium site enable modern historians to understand and explain life in ...

    The roads were long and straight and had many layers of sand, cement, and stone before that top layer. Like the mosaics there were an immense time and effort needed to make these roads. The roads were an essential part of Roman life because they enabled their armies to march from city to city quickly and easily.

  2. What were the origins of Roman religion and how did it progress?

    The gender issue is prominent here, as it is with the use of the Sibyls for prophecy and divination. The women of ancient Rome were rarely considered worthy of taking an important job; although, the Vestal Virgins took an important position within religious activities.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work