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The Second World War, 1939-45 Sources Questions

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Introduction

TOM LARDNER 4B COURSEWORK FOR HISTORY SYLLABUS B CSU4: The Second World War, 1939-45 Coursework Assignment: Evacuation in Britain. 1 I don't think that the evacuees were very excited about leaving their homes. Source B is not very accurate as the evacuees are probably only waving and smiling to the camera. I think source C is a better description. Photographs as in source B can only show actions not feelings, so the camera try's to create a picture for propaganda for the government to use; it shows an adventure for the children, going away with friends. However Source C describes what the teacher actually saw and heard, "the children were too afraid to talk". Their fathers were at war, bombs in the city, being separated from their mothers; they didn't know where they were going. HoHHHHlkjhsdlkejnlkdshnla;fdjpoiefdmnlkijholrejpefrdmn vfiohfrlijfdThe evacuees were scared and afraid of what was going to happen; the mothers didn't know whether they would see their children again. Source B would have been used as propaganda by the government to show that people were happy with evacuation. This I think, in most cases would have been untrue. 2 I think that sources B and C are both useful. Source B is useful because it is obviously a piece of propaganda and it shows us that the government thought it necessary to make ...read more.

Middle

There is no reference of how the country folk felt about the evacuation itself - the removal from the city to a safe place for the children. There are also no comments from the evacuees, or parents of evacuees as to how they felt about the evacuation at all. I think that the comments of, "children fouling gardens, hair crawling with lice and bed wetting," may have been too generalized, there would have been children that did that but not all of them. There could be another source like this one, in another textbook that says completely the opposite to what it says in source A. I think in some cases the country families attitudes were wrong, they did not understand that the evacuees were mainly poor and in most cases, without a proper education. The evacuees could have done a bit more to try and conform to the country way of life, there seemed to be little understanding between either group as to how they should live their lives. Source A would give the wrong impression regarding people's attitudes towards evacuation to perhaps children nowadays, with no prior knowledge of the evacuation. 6 I think that source G is very useful for historians as the book would have been based on fact and the author was an evacuee which would have made her want to write a book about her experiences. ...read more.

Conclusion

I think that evacuation on the whole was a success but for some individuals it was unsuccessful. Evacuation was carried out so the children would avoid the German bombers. If they were killed, Britain would have lost future generations and maybe even future soldiers. It was good for the parents in the cities; they would know there children were safe from the bombing and have a better quality of life. The people in the country would feel that they were helping out in the war effort. On the other hand it may have been sad for some of the evacuees who never saw their parents, or brothers and sisters again. The children would have been worried, as they would have known there were bombings in the cities so they would have been scared that they would return home to find their parents dead. The over riding factor for the success of evacuation was the removal of children into a safe place away from the bombing, death and destruction that were common place in the big cities, and in this respect I think it was successful and achieved the governments objective. The sources provided in the text are not conclusive either way but what was conclusive was the safety of future generations. ...read more.

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