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The status and position of Jews in Europe in the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century.

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Introduction

HISTORY COURSEWORK. The status and position of Jews in Europe in the 19^th century and the beginning of the 20^th century was starting to fall in Russia and Eastern Europe as although there was hatred and suspicion of the Jews which had never died out in these areas. Anti Judaism was getting very deep seated. In Russia, Poland and Ukraine, there was still a large number of Jews still living in traditional communities and they were surrounded by hostile Christian communities. Therefore the Jews freedom became limited and they were terrorised by pogroms. Pogroms were massacre's of a group of people in which in 1919 about 50,000 Jews were massacred by Ukrainian nationalists and other groups. Jews were also used as scapegoats in Europe, therefore being blamed for things that were not even there fault. ...read more.

Middle

In the 16^th century, because of the conditions the Jews had to live in then, the areas in which Jews lived were called Ghetto's, these factors were something which the Nazi's revived in the 20^th century. In the 16^th century a German catholic monk called Martin Luther described the Jews as `Poisonous bitter worms', this was when the catholic church was coming under attack by reformers. In 1902, a book called' The protocols of the learned elders of Zion' was published. This book accused Jews of many things such as Jews being `Rich money grabbing capitalists' and `Revolutionaries who wanted to overthrow capitalism.' This book was just one of three factors that made up the 3p's. The 3p's stood for- � Pogroms, which means the massacre of one group of people. ...read more.

Conclusion

Because of the amount of Jews in Russia was so great, Russia became the first country where Anti- Semitism was official policy. By 1917 life started to improve for Jews in Russia as there was a Revolution March in which the Tsar& Monarchy was overthrown. They also got rid of the 650 laws against the Jews and everyone was classed as equal. In France on the other hand, the 19^th century saw the beginning of the Status and Position of the Jews fall. In the 1879 an Anti- Semite called William Marr said that `Jews are a race and not a religion' this therefore made the Jews standout as different. In Germany, Anti- Semitism was a well known/recognised way of life than in all of the other countries. A new thing called Social Darwinism was adopted by some new Anti- Semites which was a belief in a hierarchy of races. BY MATT WINSTANLEY ...read more.

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