• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent were the lives of Jews and other persecuted minorities affected by the Nazi policies implemented between 1933 and 1939?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent were the lives of Jews and other persecuted minorities affected by the Nazi policies implemented between 1933 and 1939? The Nazis had very specific racial theories and ideals, which were extremely important to them as a party, and to Hitler himself. They believed that the highest racial class was that of the Aryan race from Northern Europe, and all other races were inferior. They considered the lowest people to be those of mixed or adulterated blood, the gypsies, the Slavs of Eastern Europe and, most importantly, the Jews. The Nazis believed that the Aryan race was superior to all of mankind, and that they were the only group of people who were capable of true civilisation and culture. They adopted a rather right-winged theory known as 'Social Darwinism' which involved the idea that human society was composed of strong and weak races, fighting for survival, and so engaged in programmes to create a master race, physically superior to all other races, to secure the survival of the Aryan race. Along with this, they planned to destroy the inferior races to create more living space (Lebensraum) for the Aryans, and also to destroy any opposition which could affect the purity and racial superiority of the Nazis 'master race'. There were three main types of outsiders that the Nazi party focused on persecuting. ...read more.

Middle

On April 7th 1933 anti-Jewish legislation was introduced by the government. The Law for the Restoration of the Civil Service and the Law Concerning Admission of the Legal Profession, meant that many Jewish businessmen - apart from those who had served in the First World War, on command of President Hindenburg - were forced out of their jobs, along with all other 'non-Aryans'. On April 22nd 1933 the Decree Regarding Physicians' Services prevented Jewish doctors working in the state health system - again, apart from those who served in the First World War, as requested by Hindenburg - and in June this was also extended to dentists. On April 25th 1933 the Law Against Overcrowding German Schools restricted the amount of Jewish youths in a school or University to 5 percent. Due to Hindenburg's' requests, that those Jews who served in the First World War should be made exempt from the April laws, there was little effect at first on the Jewish community, leaving 70 percent of lawyers and 75 percent of doctors still in their jobs. Party activists were not impressed by the little effects the laws had had and continued their campaign of terror on the Jews. Propaganda Minister Goebbels declared war on 'Jewish Intellectualism' by holding book burning ceremonies in May and the Reich Chambers of Culture created in September, allowed him to expel Jews from the arts and media, there was enormous loss to Germany's cultural life as a result. ...read more.

Conclusion

Homosexuals were also discriminated against, 10,000 to 15,000 being sent to concentration camps during the Third Reich because they were considered a menace to society as they had "renounced their duty to procreate" and affected public morality. Homosexuality was already illegal in Germany, but in 1935, the laws were widened so it was easier for them to be incriminated. Gypsies were severely discriminated against, even before 1933, because they did not have regular jobs and moved around so much. The Nazis saw them as 'carriers of alien blood' resulting in many being rounded up and sterilised. In December 1938 a register of all gypsies was created to prevent German blood mixing with Gypsy. They were then confined to specific places and in 1939 after Germany's defeat of Poland, many were taken there. The Nazi policies from 1933 to 1939 greatly affected the Jews and the persecuted minorities. Businesses were ruined, jobs were lost, lives were taken or not able to begin and there was a great deal of grief for them. Relationships between Aryans and the minorities were banned causing heart ache and many lives were lost. The Nazis attempt to rid Germany of the persecuted minorities was an ongoing struggle and the Nazis brutality shocks the world. After 1939 there were many more atrocities, such as the holocaust where the minorities suffered torture and death just for being who they were. The persecution of the Jews and minorities deeply effected Germany and the world and should never be repeated. Concentration Camp Francesca Eales KAA 19.03.2004 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How successful were the domestic policies of the Nazi Party 1933 - 1939?

    These policies resulted in 1/4 of a million Jews leaving Germany by 1939. The search for the master race also witnessed the murder of thousands of babies, used for experiments.

  2. The Nazi Police State

    urgent task was to find these people jobs, so he set of the RAD (National Labour Front) to give men, mainly in public work schemes. The men were given jobs like digging drainage ditched on farms and building new schools and hospitals, but the main objective was to build motorways, a network of the across the country.

  1. How far was the Nazi Euthanasia Programme based on racial purity theories?

    abnormal infants and sickly adults should be eliminated to stop the spread of bad genes. The relation between his programme and the euthanasia programme is clear; the euthanasia programme started with the killing of approximately 5000 children; while developing to include adults 2by August 1941 in total possibly 70,000 had been put to death.

  2. Describe how Jews were persecuted in the twentieth century before the Holocaust.

    On top of all this, Germany had to admit full responsibility for starting the war. This was called the "War Guilt Clause". As Germany was responsible for starting the war, she was therefore responsible for all the damage caused in the First World War.

  1. Describe how Jews were discriminated against in Germany from 1933 to 1939

    This showed to the Nazis that they would encounter little opposition when it comes to the treatment of the Jews. This made Hitler consider 'The Final Solution' for the Jews. Kristallnacht was a crucial turning point for the Nazis' policy regarding the Jews as it was the actual beginning of what is now called the Holocaust.

  2. Describe how the Jews were discriminated against in Germany from 1933 to 1939.

    not just about making Jewish lives hell, it was about brutality and physical attack, and the foundations were now in place for the widespread use of concentration camps to "eliminate" the Jewish "problem". The situation in 1939 really demonstrates what six years of tactful persuasion of the German people allowed

  1. Thr opposition of the Church.

    Once efforts were carried out to contact other units of dissent the efforts of communist were often rebuffed. Stauffenberg distrusted them immensely and perhaps with some cause. There organization due to its political structure was often infiltrated by Gestapo agents.

  2. How Were the Jews Persecuted in Germany between 1933-1939?

    If not many Jews were emigrating the persecution would be stepped up or more Jews would be placed in concentration camps. Then on 9th November 1938, the persecution of Jews was taken to a horrifying new level. The SA destroyed over 7500 Jewish shops and burnt down 400 synagogues.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work