• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

USA's involvement in Vietnam War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

C/W Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam in the 1950s and 1960s? There are several reasons why the USA became involved in Vietnam in the 1950s and 1960s. They were, there was a Cold war going on between USA and Russia, fear of communism was another motivation for USA to become involved, the assassination of President John F Kennedy was also a major factor, the assassination of JFK brought the arrival of a new President; Lyndon Johnson and finally North Vietnam attacked US warships this was one of the biggest factor. The reason for all the fighting and wars in Vietnam all because of the way the country was going to be run. It was just after WWII and Japan had control of Vietnam. But before this Vietnam had been part of Frances colonies and they wanted it back. ...read more.

Middle

Soon France had enough and was forced to retreat after defeat at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu by the North Vietnamese army (Viet Minh) which were led by a man called Ho Chi Minh who was a communist leader. Following this, the Geneva Conference separated the country into two. North Vietnam set up by Ho Chi Minh and South Vietnam led by the American-backed Ngo Dinh Diem. America then turned its attention towards South Vietnam and in helping them to defeat the Viet Minh. Ngo was an increasingly embarrassing ally and was hated by most. Ngo's opponents in the South set up the National Liberation Front. Its military wing, the Vietcong, was supported with troops and weapons supplied by Ho Chi Minh's government. America had sent in military advisors to the South Vietnamese army as they were in disarray, the advisors sent in by President J F Kennedy help the South Vietnamese army get organised and teach them about tactics. ...read more.

Conclusion

The aim was to cut off supplies from the North to the Vietcong and the demoralise the North. But the raids failed to achieve either goal. USA was very determined to win this war and at one point the number of troops in Vietnam reached a peak at 542 000 in 1969. The USA used chemicals like Agent Orange which caused distraught throughout Vietnam and caused mass destruction to the lives of the Vietnamese people, still till this day. President Johnson, after meeting top advisers, announced fresh peace negotiations and the reduction of air strikes in North Vietnam. He also made the decision not to stand for re-election that year. It was the beginning of the long process of American withdrawal from Vietnam. In 1973 a peace treaty was signed by North Vietnam and the USA. So the main reason in my opinion that USA got involved in Vietnam is the fear of communism spreading around the world and making its way into America. Dalvir Dhillon 11SZ ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Vietnam 1954-1975 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Vietnam 1954-1975 essays

  1. The USA should have been successful in Vietnam because of its technological and military ...

    Using there tactics made the American soldiers constantly paranoid because they had to be watching everyone around them at all times because they didn't know who was a soldier and who wasn't. They also used simple things such as allowing both men and women to fight in the war which

  2. Escalation of American involvement in Vietnam

    The peasants were also angry at the fact that they had to travel long distances to reach their rice fields, others were concerned that this is going against their religion as they believed that they have to live where their ancestors were buried.

  1. The Vietnam War.

    In 1949, the Communist takeover of China helps convince the Truman administration to move toward greater involvement in defending French interests in Indochina.(Schoenbrun 26) On January 14, 1950, Ho Chi Minh declares that the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) is the only legal government.

  2. Why did the USA withdraw from Vietnam by 1973?

    In January 1968, the Tet offensive was launched by the north, its purpose was to cause the Saigon government to collapse or at the least to demonstrate such strength that America would give up. However, this didn't happen and it turned out to be a battle lost by both sides.

  1. Explain why there were such different reactions in the USA to the country's involvement ...

    They also took part in protest rallies to demonstrate their anti-war views such as the first march to Washington in December 1964, where 25,000 people took part leading to it being the largest anti-war demonstration in American history. This clearly shows that opposition to the war began to increase.

  2. Australia's Involvement in the Vietnam War

    The period 1949-1966 is known as the Menzies Era. Robert Menzies became Australia's longest serving Prime Minister and during his time in office Australia read its highest standard of living. As a result, Australians were fearful about the rise of communism in countries throughout Europe and Asia. Communism saw basic freedom and civil rights taken away from its citizens

  1. Why did the USA become involvedin Vietnam in the 1950s and 1960s?

    China had now also become communist. This was very bad for America, because China was also a very big and powerful country. The USA was right to be scared, China started to convince its surrounding countries in South-East Asia to become communist, and it also gave support to communist groups like Ho Chi Minh.

  2. How coverage of Vietnam in the USA led to demands for peace

    policy, given the official perception that the offensive had caused a shift in public opinion. In other words, It helped push the American public toward a deepening pessimism about the war and America's role in it; this pessimism, then, was instrumental in causing an alteration in U.S.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work