• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was John F. Kennedy assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald alone or was there more than one gunman?

Extracts from this document...


Research Question: Was John F. Kennedy assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald alone or was there more than one gunman? A. Plan of the Investigation (110 words) The purpose of this investigation is to examine the assassination of the former U.S. president John F. Kennedy, which occurred in Dallas on the 22nd of November 1963. More precisely, this investigation will focus on the question whether the assassination was an act of Lee Harvey Oswald alone or if there were more shooters involved in the events at the Dealey Plaza. Research was initiated through online research of declassified U.S. document archives to provide primary sources and websites of different historians to provide secondary sources. These sources were then evaluated and annotated in the bibliography, in which both the information presented and the sources of the information were analyzed. B. Summary of Evidence (803 words) Source 1: Report of the President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy published by The National Archives1 Based on the evidence analysed, the Warren Commission concluded that three shots were fired from a window in the sixth-floor of the Texas School Book Depository Building at the events of the assassination. Two bullets presumably caused all the damage done to Governor Connaly and John F. ...read more.


The Commission was appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson and lead by Earl Warren, with the aim to investigate the circumstances surrounding John F. Kennedy's assassination and the shooting of the assassin Lee Harvey Oswald25. This source is useful, because it was established by the government and therefore probably does not have motives to prove a specific theory to be true or false or to manipulate evidence. It is also directly from the time when the assassination happened, as it was founded one week after the assassination date. There is, furthermore, no evidence that can surely prove the events, as stated by the Commission, to have happened otherwise. On the other hand, the Commission was criticised for its close co-operation with the FBI. It primarily relied on the FBI for investigative work, which establishes a possibility of the data being biased or influenced by the FBI to serve their interests. The report strongly disagrees with the evidence that suggests that more than three shots were fired and does not include all of the objects struck during the firing. In addition, the Commission has also been criticized for failing to identify members of the Dallas police standing on the bridge and the overpass as also of failing to search all buildings, rooftops and windows surrounding the path of the motorcade. ...read more.


to be impossible to reconstruct by the former US Marine Snipers Craig Roberts31 and Carlos Hathcock 32, I believe that there were more shooters involved in the assassination of John F. Kennedy. This would also be consistent with the theory of a conspiracy involved in the assassination, which, in a time of severe international tension and many different groups politically opposing President Kennedy, such as the armaments industry and Cubans, seems quite likely to have happened. F. List of Sources http://www.archives.gov/research/jfk/warren-commission-report/chapter-3.html#timespan, 14th March 2007 http://www.archives.gov/research/jfk/select-committee-report/, 14th March 2007 http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/shots.htm, 14th March 2007 http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/russ/wit.htm, 14th March 2007 http://www.strike-the-root.com/51/herman/herman16.html, 14th March 2007 http://www.nsa.gov/jfk/jfk00001.tif, 14th March 2007 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kennedy_assassination_theories, 15th March 2007 1 http://www.archives.gov/research/jfk/warren-commission-report/chapter-3.html#timespan, 13th March 2007 2 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Single_bullet_theory, 15th March 2007 3 http://www.archives.gov/research/jfk/select-committee-report/, 13th March 2007 4 http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/shots.htm, 13th March 2007 5 ibid 6 http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/russ/m_j_russ/worrell.htm, 13th March 2007 7 ibid 8 http://www.strike-the-root.com/51/herman/herman16.html, 13th March 2007 9 The Guns of Dallas, Douglas Herman, Aventine Press, 30.05.2005 10 ibid 11 ibid 12 ibid 13 ibid 14 ibid 15 ibid 16 ibid 17 ibid 18 ibid 19 ibid 20 http://www.nsa.gov/jfk/jfk00001.tif, 13th March 2007 21 http://www.nsa.gov/jfk/jfk00001.tif, 13th March 2007 22 ibid 23 ibid 24 ibid 25 http://www.answers.com/topic/warren-commission, 14th March 2007 26 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Single_bullet_theory, 15th March 2007 27 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kennedy_assassination_theories, 15th March 2007 28 ibid 29 ibid 30 http://www.strike-the-root.com/51/herman/herman16.html, 13th March 2007 31 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kennedy_assassination_theories, 15th March 2007 32 ibid ?? ?? ?? ?? Internal Assessment: History Coursework 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. The inaugural speech of John F. Kennedy.

    "Let us never negotiate out of fear. But let us never fear to negotiate." These 2 lines show that the President is using repetition as a word play to add liveliness to his speech, in order to make his lines more memorable. Apart from repetition, alliteration is also used by Kennedy, though not as frequently as repetition.

  2. To what extent was Kennedy a great American President?

    invasions then Cuba and the USSR would think of the US as weak and then take further action with communism. Kennedy found that Cuba were storing nuclear missiles and straight away threatened nuclear war on Kruschev. The world stood on the brink of extinction.

  1. Why is President John F Kennedy such a famous and controversial figure in history?

    In the public eye, Kennedy seemed the remarkable husband, with good health. Meanwhile his family with his beautiful cultured wife, Jackie appeared to be idyllic. Both images however were built around deception. As the, charismatic president had romantic affairs. He had been something of a playboy in his youth and his womanizing continued throughout his years during the white house.

  2. John F. Kennedy Assassination Sources Questions

    says, "I heard 4 to 6 shots, and I'm pretty used to guns". She goes on to declare, "They were different guns that were being fired". Yet despite claiming a knowledge of guns, she fails to count the number of shots.

  1. The JFK assassination.

    Was it possible that Oswald, a mediocre -to -downright-poor marksman, according to various sources, could fire that rifle with such speed and precision at a moving target, partly obscured by trees, creating such havoc and mayhem with a weapon the Italian army called " the humanitarian rifle" because it never killed anybody when deliberately aimed.

  2. This project is all about the assassination of John.F.Kennedy, the former President of the ...

    in America have guns for various reasons such as hunting or protection, would this matter? As the investigation progressed it was then discovered that Oswald purchased a rifle by mail order under the name of "A. Hidell"(the writing on the form he used was matched to his by handwriting experts).

  1. Why is J. F. Kennedy such a famous and controversial figure today?

    Illnesses and injury dogged virtually the whole Kennedy family, John suffered from measles mumps as a child, and during his first year in college he suffered from jaundice, and while playing football he ruptured a disk in his spin, which never fully healed.

  2. Why was Kennedy remembered positively?

    the mistress of Frank Sinatra and many members of the Mafia; very dangerous ground to walk on. Kennedy also took various drugs for his chronic back pain; including painkillers and stimulants such as Speed. As all of this information that has appeared in biographies and documentaries, has changed people?s perception of Kennedy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work