• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was Prohibition Bound To Fail?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Was Prohibition Bound To Fail? a) The two accounts consider Prohibition from different viewpoints. They offer slightly different reasons as to why Prohibition was introduced although the intentions are the same. They also agree on the outcome of it's implementation. Source A, taken from an American History book published in 1973 discusses the differing reasons why Prohibition was considered to be a good idea, It mentions "the bad influence of saloons." Source B, taken from a different American History book published in 1979, agrees with Source A. It is more detailed in that it mentions a crusade by the "Women's Christian Temperance Union" against "one of the great evils of the times - alcoholism." The two sources also agree when mentioning the conservation of grain. The First World War was in progress and many people felt that food for the population should come before alcohol. Source A mentions this specifically, referring to "the wartime concern for preserving grain for food." Source B makes a more oblique reference to the 1917 "nation-wide campaign, led by the Anti-Saloon League." This campaign was organised to make congress "ban the use of grain for either distilling or brewing." Source A also briefly mentions the Anti-Saloon League influencing this decision. The two sources do not directly agree on the outcome of Prohibition's introduction, although they infer that the result was the same. ...read more.

Middle

Rockerfeller describes supply and demand with a regard to illegal substances saying "a vast army of lawbreakers has appeared." This speech shows that this need has no class boundories in that "many of our best citizens have openly ignored Prohibition." The law was proven to be unpopular across the entire population, Rockerfeller recognised this "respect for the law has been greatly lessened." He was able to see the result of its iintorduction when he mentions that "crime has increased to a level never seen before." Therefore, Source E, depicts a well balanced piece of evidence. Rockerfeller's views may not have been dissimilar to Kramer's but he was able to look at Prohibition and the result of its introduction far more objectively. d) Sources G and H prove that Prohibition was not successful. There are underlying reasons other than alcohol which explain some of the figures shown however it can be seen that generally the offences discussed increased. Arguments against these sources being a reliable way to see if Prohibiton was a success are that the years shown in both charts are not the same. Figures are missiong for the intervening years. Source H, statistics published by the 'City of Philadelphia Police Department' represent "arrests for drinking-related offences." However these figures are for one state only and cannot be considered to be a fair representation of what was happening across America as a whole. ...read more.

Conclusion

John D. Rockerfeller, who was well known in America, described the effect of alcohol to be 'evil' - a very strong word. John F. Kramer expressed an emphatic intention to enforce the law. All of the above have a zealous feel to their views of Prohibition. The support of the law by these groups in the Resources gives the reader the impression that they were "do-gooders" who thought they knew what was best for those considered too ignorant to make an informed decision for themselves. They were unable to see that this would be resented by the general populace and that telling someone what they should not do was going to be rebelled against and inevitably would fail. The statistical resources support the view that Prohibition would fail as they, on the whole, show that despite the amount of alcohol being taken off the market people were still drinking. The people were, therefore, not respecting this law. Cartoons were intended to appeal and be understood by all walks of life and support the view that the law would not work as everyone was involved in breaking it. The first hand account by the Policeman shows the hoplessness of the situation as he makes no real effort to "stick to his guns" and support the law but goes along with the majority, turning a 'blind-eye' to the law. All the resources in their own way support each other to show that from all aspects it was inevitable that Prohibition would fail. Li-An Wright ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Prohibition bound to fail?

    Source D has a clearer message this is probably due to the fact that by 1915 support for prohibition had grown and more people had become aware of the dangers of alcohol. Both posters show a hatred of alcohol and both artists are for prohibition.

  2. Why did prohibition fail? - Gangsters, Widespread illegal drinking, lack of support, impossibility of ...

    The majority of the country enjoyed drinking and did not wish to be told what to do by the government, so were determined not to give up what they enjoyed - alcohol. There was a public demand for alcohol, so many people took up the opportunity to supply this growing demand and many 'ordinary' US citizens were turned into lawbreakers.

  1. History - Prohibition

    of those arrested may have been released without any charges being made against them. It is therefore fair to say that overall, Prohibition proved impossible to enforce and its failure was largely inevitable. It was clear that after some limited success when the law was first passed, in the long

  2. To What extent was Prohibtion doomed to fail from its inception?

    be watched to make sure they weren't breaking the laws, although not all Americans did wish to break the law, there were still far too many that did break the law for the police to deal with and therefore many illegal activities went unnoticed.

  1. Why did prohibition fail?

    America is the 3rd largest country in the world with large coastlines and borders. Prohibition agents were employed by the government to enforce the law of Prohibition, making sure that alcohol wasn't transported, manufactured or sold, which was obviously a very difficult and dangerous job, especially as there weren't many Prohibition agents in comparison to the law breakers.

  2. Why Was Prohibition Attempted and Why Did It Fail?

    which admitted that prohibition had failed, yet nonetheless maintained that it should continue) to not admit that prohibition was wrong and so therefore allowing its failure to become even more apparent. There are a number of reasons as to why national prohibition was such a failure.

  1. How far do these two accounts agree about prohibition?

    Rockfeller's source also gives a lot more information because he had the benefit of hindsight. His letter was written in 1932, only a year before the end of prohibition whereas Kramer's source was written at the start of prohibition and therefore he did not know it was going to fail

  2. The USA: Was prohibition bound to fail?

    Source E, an extract of a letter written by John D. Rockefeller, appears to be very reliable. It says that "Drinking has generally increased; the speakeasy has replaced the saloon... and crime has increased to a level never seen before" - this is true as there were in fact more

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work