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Was the league a success?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Was the league a success? The league of nations was formed because of the horrors of the world war. Video's and camera's had just been invented, and these enabled people to see what soldiers must endure. This falsified the primitive idea that going to war is honourable. This concept is perfectly explained by a poem called "Dulce et decorum est", by Wilfred Owen. Now that people across the globe knew this terrible truth, they did not want anything similar to this to happen again. This is what prompted the creation of an international peace-keeping organisation. Only one nation had the financial and military resources to actually create such an organisation, the United States of America. Its president Mr Woodrow Wilson, had founded this organisation which was to be named, the "League of nations". The League of Nations as formed as part of the ratification of a treaty. This treaty was known as the "Treaty of Versailles". All of this happened after the war. The attitudes of the main nations who made the treaty of Versailles, is accurately portrayed in the picture source below. I have included some notes in textboxes that are below the source, to help explain it. ...read more.

Middle

Countries were allowed to keep just enough weapons to defend themselves. How would you decide whether a country had enough weapons to defend itself? The league had no way of forcing countries to disarm or checking that they had disarmed. Force: An attack on a member state would be seen as an attack on all member states. The league had no army, so al countries would help if a country would attack. First they would impose a sanction, if this failed, they would supply soldiers for a joint war. This assumed that governments would risk the money and lives of their own people to sort out a quarrel between two other countries. A huge weakness of the league Many Americans felt the Treaty of Versailles was too harsh and did not want to support the League of Nations as it was linked to the Treaty. There was a strong tradiotion in "isolationism" in the USA. Many had thguth that Usa should not get involved in European affairs. They did nt want to waste their money and military resources on people that were half way across the wolrd, and already had a large debt to pay the ameriican's. The source below shows America leaving the league. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1928 the Kellogg-Brand Pact consisted of 65 nations agreeing not to use force to settle disputes. The League solved many disputes such as: > The Aaland Islands (1921) > Upper Silesia (1921) > Memel (1923) > Turkey (1923) > Greece and Bulgaria (1925) Failures The French occupation of the Ruhr The league was supposed to STOP aggression and invasions. The French was also one of the permanent members of the league, but the league still didn't have any influence on it. Basically, France supplied the main military resources, without France, the League couldn't do even less. The league was powerless to stop France. Many people thought that the League had no backbone, and that France was hypocritical. The league was unable to solve many disputes such as: > Teschen (1919) > Vilna (1920) > War between Russia and Poland (1920 to 1921) > The invasion of the Ruhr (1923) > Italy and Albania (1923) Generally, the League on the whole was a failure, but it did have one huge success that I have not listed. This success was not one of it's aims. The failures of the league, told the world what the flaws were in thi peace-keeping organisation, and another organisation was formed rectifying these mistakes. It's still around today, and is what has kept me from ever seeing war. The United Nations. Antony Thambiah ...read more.

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