• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

was the treaty of versailles justified?

Extracts from this document...


Was the Treaty of Versailles justified? The Treaty of Versailles forced Germany to pay �6,600 million in reparations, because France wanted to rebuild their infrastructure, as most of the fighting took place on French soil. This meant that Germany was severely weakened by having to pay such a large amount of money. Paying the reparations led to Germany's economy collapsing and many other problems. They also had war debts to pay to the U.S.A, as well as the reparations. This led to hyperinflation in Germany because the government printed too much money. Therefore, Germany thought the reparations were bias and unfair. America weren't pleased with the amount of reparations Germany was forced to pay either. Wilson wanted the treaty to be fair and achieve peace, he believed that weakening Germany and forcing them to pay large amounts of reparations, wouldn't achieve anything because he knew it wouldn't be possible for Germany to do so, and would leave them with more problems. Therefore, Wilson felt that the reparations were an unfair amount and too harsh. Britain were reasonably happy with the reparations because Lloyd George wanted to make sure Germany was punished, but not too harshly. The British public wanted Germany to be punished, because they had hatred towards Germany due to the PALS. There was an election coming up in Britain, so Lloyd George wanted to be re-elected and therefore needed to please the public to do so. ...read more.


But Lloyd George thought the treaty was too harsh as Germany were excluded from the negotiations, and he didn't want to crush Germany. Therefore, he thought the treaty was unfair. On the other hand, France was also included in the negotiations. They managed to set high reparations because it weakened Germany and would rebuild the French infrastructure, have Alsace Lorraine returned because it also weakened Germany and made France a stronger nation, gain the Saarland for 15 years because it was a very good nation for industrial production, demilitarize the Rhineland and reduce the German army because the reductions would protect France from German invasion. Therefore, France thought the treaty was fair because they that felt weakening Germany would balance out the rest of Europe. On the other hand, America was also involved in the negotiations. Wilson wanted to achieve a long lasting peace, but he didn't think the treaty was aimed at doing so. However Wilson did manage to achieve: the establishment of the League of Nations from the treaty because he wanted to guarantee future peace in Europe and any conflict to be sorted by negotiation. He also achieved freedom of the seas because this meant the U.S.A could trade with more European countries easier, and self-determination for some eastern European nations because it meant countries had a say in what they did, which would keep peace in Europe. ...read more.


Germany also found it unfair that they weren't allowed to unite with the Austrian Germans. Therefore, Germany thought the territorial issues were unfair and that they hadn't been treated the same as other countries. On the other hand, Britain, America and France gained Germany's ex-colonies on mandate. France gained Alsace Lorraine and the Saarland for 15 years because the Saarland was very a useful colony for industrial production. Britain gained ex-German colonies on mandate because they would expand the British Empire further. America didn't gain any colonies for themselves but the League of Nations was set up, which was one of Wilson's objectives. The League of Nations had several of Germany's ex-colonies on mandate. Therefore, on the whole the Big Three felt that taking away 10% of Germany's land would balance out the rest of Europe, and was a fair term. I conclude that the Treaty of Versailles wasn't justified because I think it was a very biased treaty against Germany because they weren't present at the negotiations. Also, all the terms affect Germany in negative ways, whereas the majority of the decided terms affect the Big Three in positive ways. I think that because the terms were so harsh the treaty was ineffective and as a result, that was why Germany had so many problems. However, I think that the treaty was understandable because of the all damage caused during the war. But overall I think the Treaty of Versailles wasn't justified due to the reasons stated. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Was The Treaty Of Versailles Justified?

    5 star(s)

    Most importantly, the Saarland was placed under international rule, and control of its valuable Ruhr coalfields were given to France. In Article 50, Point 34 of the treaty it was determined that after 15 years, the Saarland would be

  2. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    In this new position, Hitler set to work, spreading news of the party's ideas and meetings. With the increased publicity, the party grew attracting! large audiences who were curious and intrigued by Hitler and his speeches. Although at first a shy and awkward man, Hitler became a very powerful and convincing orator.

  1. How justified were the German objections to the Versailles Treaty?

    The harshness of the treaty is another good reason for the German unhappiness with the treaty and helps to justify their objections to it.

  2. Was the Treaty of Versailles unfair to Germany?

    This also meant that the money from this area would not go to help pay of the huge reparations. The main thing that angered Germany about what happened to this area was that it was a German speaking area put under French and League of Nations control which totally went against the idea of Self Determination.

  1. How fair was the treaty of Versailles?

    Also on the East Bank German troops were to be excluded of land of about 50 kilometers wide. This had a huge hit on Germany as it felt it was venerable and can easily be attack. German people felt angry about this and especially the Rhine region as Germany people did not like the French troops there.

  2. Treaty of Versailles, was it fair?

    So my views and opinion on whether the treaty was fair or not is that it was fair if take all the facts into consideration. The fact that their Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was hard on the Russians when Russia left the war, so they should not say anything about the

  1. Who were the big three and why did they implement the Treaty of Versailles?

    Germany's army was to be limited to 100,000 men. And they were to have no tank, aeroplanes, battleships or submarines, and most of its fleet was to be surrendered to the allies. Reparation and war guilt caused many problems between the allies. The main difficulty was deciding how much Germany could and should pay, and how the money should be divided amongst the allies.

  2. To what extent did nationalism within the Austria-Hungarian Empire contribute to the outbreak of ...

    There was, of course, increasing urgency in Vienna that the Slav problem (the threat posed to Habsburg interests by Slav nationalism) be 'solved'. There was also strong evidence that Russia would not accept another humiliation in the Balkans, such as that over Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1908 and that she would not allow the Serbs to be crushed by Austria-Hungary.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work