• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was The Weimar Doomed From The Start?

Extracts from this document...


The Weimar Republic got off to a bad start. In 1918, the government signed the armistice. They were given the name 'The November Criminals', as the German public viewed them as traitors to there country. This made most Germans angry with the government. This followed the terrible conditions in Germany in the last months of World War I. The economy was hit hard: German production was crippled. Food and supplies could not be traded because of hostilities, and starvation spread across the German nation. The moral of the people, as well as the armed forces, was very low. The military had rebelled and mutinied against its superiors at Kiel, and the navy had refused to mount a suicidal attack on the British Navy. These bad conditions were intensified when the Kaiser, the German monarch, abdicated, and fled Germany. A new government was hurriedly created, and was called the Weimar Republic. This was because fighting had broken out in Berlin, and the only safe place for the Government to hold session was Weimar. The Republic was led by the largest political party at the time, the Social Democrats. They set up the most democratic system in the world at that time. ...read more.


The President at the time made a risky deal with the Senior Staff of the military. He would allow the old army to exist, in return for their assistance in quelling the Sparticist rebellion. The rebellion was destroyed: Rosa and Karl were both murdered, and the fighting ended. But the old army was deeply against the Weimar, feeling they had been betrayed. The deal to allow the old, anti-Weimar generals to continue service, instead of being replaced by men more sympathetic to the Republic, was a bad move by the government. Also, the Social Democrats were now hated by the Communists, and would be a constant threat to the republic. This meant that the left-wing parties of the republic would refuse to co-operate. This was a great setback, and made the right-wing side of politics, like the Nazis, more powerful. The friction between the Democrats and the Communists led to a series of revolts in Berlin and Bavaria. All over the area, the Communist party organised strikes and riots, breaking down government control. A new communist republic was set up in Bavaria. They took money and land from the rich and distributed it to the lower classes. ...read more.


Public unrest and hatred marked its entrance to power, and many disliked the Republic from the start. The Weimar was forced to make dangerous pacts with the military to repress their political rivals, but this led to Putsch's in the capital. Without a strong army, the government was forced to turn to the people time and time again to resolve problems. The Weimar Republic was not in favour with the people, and they only co-operated because they were facing a mutual foe. But the government returned this favour with betrayal, in the form of the economic crisis. The Weimar failed Germany, and it wasn't likely the people would forgive them. But the all these problems stemmed from things beyond the governments control. At the end of the war, Germany was in critical conditions, but the Weimar stepped in and saved the country they had inherited. They set the country on the right course, and established a system that on the surface looked favourable to Germany in that it was democratic. But fundamental flaws in the constitution and the style of government itself weaken the Weimar Republic. The Treaty Of Versailles was hard on Germany and the Allies were indifferent to this fact. But all things considered, the problems facing the Weimar were generally within their power to resolve, but it was their mistakes, hyperinflation, overpowering the military and a slow government, that ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Was The Weimar Republic Doomed From The Start?

    Had it not been for the WSC (1929) and consequent world wide depression Weimar may have been able to capitalise on her early foundations and made real and progressive gains in the search for stability and a future. In 1924 Gustav Stresemann was chosen to be secretary of foreign affairs,

  2. The Weimar Republic – doomed to failure?

    Rosa Luxembourg and Karl Liebknecht were shot by a Freicorps commander, symbolising the end of the only serious communist uprising Germany was to face for the next 26 years. On the 19th of January, elections were held, and with 3 out of 4 voters wanting a Republic, the Weimar Republic

  1. Do the problems of 1919-1924 suggest that the Weimar Republic was doomed from the ...

    It was clear Germany needed urgent action and in late 1923 this came in the form of a new government under Gustav Stresemann. He successfully managed to restore the currency to a sound footing. This was helped through economic aid and loans from the USA and UK as well as

  2. Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from the Start?

    He forced the leaders to agree to take part in a putsch (rebellion) against the Government the next day. However (he let them go and) many changed their minds. The next day 3000 Nazis, led by Hitler and General Ludendorff, (a WW1 hero), marched on Berlin.

  1. Was the Weimar Republicdoomed to failure from the start?

    all military and naval aviation to be abandoned and all importation, exportation and production or war materials was to be stopped. This resulted in Weimar having insufficient resources to keep order and defence and left many soldiers unemployed. Weimar was ordered to provide all countries that sustained damages from the

  2. Was The Weimar Republic Doomed From The Start?

    Although, it must be said that not all the blame for the Weimar Republic's downfall can be solely pinned upon an unpopular Government, there were other factors, like the German constitution. The constitution states that there could not be one single ruling party in the Reichstag (Parliament), the seats would be awarded on the basis of Proportional Representation.

  1. Why did the Nazis replace the Weimar Republic?

    But the Depression in 1929 is very important in explaining how and why Hitler came to power. Since this is the case, I suggest that in any essay upon the fall of the Weimar, you must show how important the Depression was.

  2. Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start?

    This was mostly because Left Wing revolts were going on back home and they weren't getting much moral support from the communists. The Germans had lost between two and three million soldiers in the war, however when they drew an end to it their army was still in relatively good condition.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work