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Was the Weimar republic doomed by the events of 1918-19?

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WAS THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC DOOMED BY THE EVENTS OF 1918-19? Ebert Hindenburg Kaiser Wilhelm II Ludendorff Germany in the first two decades of the 20th century was undergoing a great political turmoil not only in the form of a revolution which they experienced in 1918 targeted at toppling the existing regime (The Second Reich) with Kaiser Wilhelm II at its helm but also because of their military disgrace in the hands of the Allies in the First World War. As a consequence of their defeat and allegedly as the Germans were responsible for the outbreak of the war, they had to accept the Treaty of Versailles on rather humiliating terms which even went on to reduce their military strengths. The Weimar Republic, formed primarily as a result of the movement that saw the end of Kaiser and his authoritarian regime, succeeded the Second Reich. Around 12 years later, the Weimar Republic ultimately was forced to give way to the dictatorial rule of Adolf Hitler who, along with his Nazi party was the main cause for the destruction of the republic. When trying to locate or analysing the reasons for the collapse of a democratic regime like Weimar, historians often seek for the seeds of demolition of Weimar in its beginning as much as near its end. ...read more.


Thus we see that the issue of the German defeat was manipulated in several ways by both sides, each blaming the other for the loss but in the end it appears that there were blisters left on people's emotions about the loss and the new government was given the blame for it. This fact is proved precisely by the fact that when Hitler tried to put the blame on the Weimar government, it was quite amazing that the public did believe him. Obviously that was the result of some earlier scar that had been left behind by the war. After the surrender of the German forces, the country had to sign the Treaty of Versailles which is one of the most important events we must carefully analyse in dealing with the issue of the drawbacks Weimar received in 1918-19. It is rather debatable that who was responsible for the humiliating terms and we cannot say concisely that the Weimar government was to be blamed because it was Kaiser and the OHL who actually started the war. Moreover, the new government had to accept the treaty to prevent the Ally forces from ransacking the country. By the terms of the treaty, the Germans suffered large territorial losses which included some of their most important ports and industrial areas. ...read more.


The so-called revolution which removed Kaiser and brought about Weimar arose much controversy amidst the German people as well as within the upper layers of the German society. Ebert tried to keep himself clear from the trouble all the time by remaining behind the screens all the time while the revolution was in progress. Thus we see that there were various aspects at which one might look at while judging the continuity the Weimar Republic could have had after the events of 1918-19. Its beyond doubt that all these events had two sides-one which saw the government's downfall in the near future almost inevitable an the other which could be looked upon as not so significant. On the whole, however, we must say that some of the seeds of the destruction of Weimar most certainly lay in its beginning in 1918-19 but it would be wrong to say that all of those seeds did grow in a plant of demolition for the government. Adolf Hitler did manage to cleverly manipulate these issues when he toppled Weimar and we must say that he did use most of the issues of 1918-19 in his criticisms of the government to arise public opposition but lastly, we must conclude by saying that he did exaggerate the facts and the significance of these events and Weimar suffered ultimately from the hatred of an almost blindfolded public rather than a rational one. Course Essay Practice 1 ARUNI MUKHERJEE ...read more.

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