• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is the long-term history of relations between mainland Britain and Northern Ireland?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What is the long-term history of relations between mainland Britain and Northern Ireland? When Elizabeth I reigned there was already a sense of unrest in Ireland. Many Irish Catholic lords rebelled against Protestantism and English rule. Elizabeth was afraid that Ireland would ally with England's Catholic enemies. She was determined to rule Ireland firmly. The Elizabethan attempt to conquer Ireland ended in 1601. To reward her Protestant supporters Elizabeth gave them lands taken from the Catholic Irish rebel leaders. King James I took this plantation of Ireland by loyal Protestants further. He began a full-scale plantation of Ulster in 1609. Scottish and English Protestant were encouraged to settle on land taken away from Catholics. All they had to do was take an oath of loyalty. The Battle of the Boyne was the decisive battle in the struggle between Ex-king James II of England and his successor, William III, for control of Ireland. ...read more.

Middle

The Duke of Wellington (who was Prime Minister) and the Home Secretary Robert Peel wanted to avoid rebellion. They persuaded King George IV and parliament to pass the Catholic Emancipation Act in 1829, which would allow Catholics to enter Parliament as MPs. Daniel O'Connell wanted an end to the Act of Union. Towards the end of the 1870's Irish farmers had two severe blows. One was the competition from North America which began to send cheap corn to Europe so farmers had to lower prices to compete. This led to the farmers being unable to pay the rent to their Tenants. The Land League was set up to campaign for lower rents and protection against evictions. This was popular among Catholics and Protestants because it forced politicians to take notice of the suffering of the tenant farmers. By the end of the 19th Century many Protestant landlords were selling off their land. ...read more.

Conclusion

To win Unionist support it was agreed to dely Home Rule until the war was over. 5500 Ulstermen died in the battle of Somme. Unionists were willing to fight to stay British so it would disable the British Government forcing Ulster to join an all-Ireland Republic after the First World War. At the end of the War of Independence, where Nationalists killed those who fought on the side of the British, Nationalist leaders, Michael Collins and Arthur Griffith, were offered a peace treaty by the British Government. This treaty would allow Ireland to have the same constitutional status in the community of Great Britain. Although they were a free state the treaty stated that in time of war of 'strained relations with a foreign power' the British Government could call up on their defences for help. Many had problems with this because they felt that it still brought them into the British Empire and acknowledges that Britain was the direct monarch of Ireland and the governing authority. Question 1 Max Buadi ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Irish History

    The year 1918 saw the British hmake more blunders in Ireland. In the end Sinn F�in got seventy three seats. Refusing to go to Westminister, London, twenty seven Sinn F�iners, the rest were in jail, met in Dublin in January 1919.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    Adams clearly was, and is, a highly intelligent politician. Adams, in some sense, is easier to read than Martin McGuinness, simply because Adams has published memoirs, his political manifesto, et cetera, and Adams shows some form of long-term political vision. He speaks in his memoirs of his time as a youth, growing up ... of a sense of discrimination.

  1. What were the short and long term effects of the hunger-strikes in Northern Ireland?

    Their protest escalated from the autumn of 1976 onwards. Initially they refused to wear prison clothes, which became know as being 'on the blanket'. For refusing prison clothes the defiant prisoners were punished by being given only a blanket leaving them naked, confined permanently to cells and were "regularly punished for non-conforming by three days 'on the boards'"9 where all cell furniture was removed.

  2. Northern Irelandsince c.1960 - questions and answers

    Also when he says that he won't let them destroy the country he is somehow making an excuse for all the discrimination it gives the impression that all the discrimination in Northern Ireland is the result of preventing the country from being destroyed by the Catholics and civil rights marchers.

  1. Nationalism In Britain

    The succession of James VI of Scotland to the English throne in 1603 ensured that Scottish and English interests remained closely entangled throughout the 17th century. The Union with Scotland in 1707 created a British state, though Scottish nationalists have always regarded the Act as a betrayal.

  2. In this essay I am going to try and decide whether the cause of ...

    This once again alienated Catholics from society. In 1688 King James II attempted to restore the Catholic religion and was overthrown, replaced by Protestant king William of Orange. James turned to King Louis XIV of France and the Irish Catholics for aid - war broke out in Ireland.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work