• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is the long-term history of relations between mainland Britain and Northern Ireland?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What is the long-term history of relations between mainland Britain and Northern Ireland? When Elizabeth I reigned there was already a sense of unrest in Ireland. Many Irish Catholic lords rebelled against Protestantism and English rule. Elizabeth was afraid that Ireland would ally with England's Catholic enemies. She was determined to rule Ireland firmly. The Elizabethan attempt to conquer Ireland ended in 1601. To reward her Protestant supporters Elizabeth gave them lands taken from the Catholic Irish rebel leaders. King James I took this plantation of Ireland by loyal Protestants further. He began a full-scale plantation of Ulster in 1609. Scottish and English Protestant were encouraged to settle on land taken away from Catholics. All they had to do was take an oath of loyalty. The Battle of the Boyne was the decisive battle in the struggle between Ex-king James II of England and his successor, William III, for control of Ireland. ...read more.

Middle

The Duke of Wellington (who was Prime Minister) and the Home Secretary Robert Peel wanted to avoid rebellion. They persuaded King George IV and parliament to pass the Catholic Emancipation Act in 1829, which would allow Catholics to enter Parliament as MPs. Daniel O'Connell wanted an end to the Act of Union. Towards the end of the 1870's Irish farmers had two severe blows. One was the competition from North America which began to send cheap corn to Europe so farmers had to lower prices to compete. This led to the farmers being unable to pay the rent to their Tenants. The Land League was set up to campaign for lower rents and protection against evictions. This was popular among Catholics and Protestants because it forced politicians to take notice of the suffering of the tenant farmers. By the end of the 19th Century many Protestant landlords were selling off their land. ...read more.

Conclusion

To win Unionist support it was agreed to dely Home Rule until the war was over. 5500 Ulstermen died in the battle of Somme. Unionists were willing to fight to stay British so it would disable the British Government forcing Ulster to join an all-Ireland Republic after the First World War. At the end of the War of Independence, where Nationalists killed those who fought on the side of the British, Nationalist leaders, Michael Collins and Arthur Griffith, were offered a peace treaty by the British Government. This treaty would allow Ireland to have the same constitutional status in the community of Great Britain. Although they were a free state the treaty stated that in time of war of 'strained relations with a foreign power' the British Government could call up on their defences for help. Many had problems with this because they felt that it still brought them into the British Empire and acknowledges that Britain was the direct monarch of Ireland and the governing authority. Question 1 Max Buadi ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    And you could find ... in the Republican struggles in the '30s and '40s, either the Hannaway family, which was his mother's side, or the Adams family, were involved in all of those struggles. One of the most important factors in explaining the resilience of the Republican movement is what I call generational continuity.

  2. Why has it taken so long for the different groups in the peace process ...

    By this time it was too late. The Provisional IRA had already responded with a bombing campaign. This could well be seen as retaliation to protect Catholics, so we can see why no Catholic would want to see the IRA hand in their weapons.

  1. Irish History

    Many people are grateful to these men. The main men who organised the Rising where Patrick Pearse, James Connolly and Eoin Mac Neill. 2. Analyse what you consider to be the main immediate and long term consequences of the rising in Dublin in 1916. The Easter rising lasted only five days, but in Ireland the consequences are still being felt today.

  2. Nationalism In Britain

    The succession of James VI of Scotland to the English throne in 1603 ensured that Scottish and English interests remained closely entangled throughout the 17th century. The Union with Scotland in 1707 created a British state, though Scottish nationalists have always regarded the Act as a betrayal.

  1. Northern Irelandsince c.1960 - questions and answers

    To make things worse for Catholics they were discriminated into further issues such as employment and politics as the Ulster Unionist Party subjugated the whole of Northern Ireland. A perfect example of this would be in the city of Londonderry as the Northern Ireland government gerrymandered by fixing constituency borders

  2. In this essay I am going to try and decide whether the cause of ...

    This once again alienated Catholics from society. In 1688 King James II attempted to restore the Catholic religion and was overthrown, replaced by Protestant king William of Orange. James turned to King Louis XIV of France and the Irish Catholics for aid - war broke out in Ireland.

  1. What were the short and long term effects of the hunger-strikes in Northern Ireland?

    In late 1975 the Labour Secretary of State Merlyn Rees announced the phasing out of the 'special category status'. Acting on advice that removing the status from inmates who were already granted it would result in major disturbances, Rees announced that newly convicted prisoners would not be granted the status.

  2. Ireland's Troubled History

    The election mandate encouraged further separatist leanings as Sinn Fein boycotted Westminster the next year, declaring the formation of its own "Dail Eireann" or Irish Parliament in Dublin with de Valera as its President. Violence escalated as the Irish Repubican Army, led by Michael Collins, fought Britain in a bloody

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work