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What problems did the Weimar Republic face in the early 1920s in Germany?

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What problems did the Weimar Republic face in the early 1920s in Germany? In 1918, Germany became a democratic republic following the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II. A new constitution was drawn up in 1919, at Weimar. In the first four years, the new Weimar Republic struggled to survive; it had to overcome a range of problems, including political weaknesses, political opposition and serious economic problems. With attempts to create a stable and strong democratic Republic in Germany, the Republic had some political weaknesses. The new republic was associated with the defeat of Germany in 1918 because it was created as a result of it, this made the republic appear weak. The new republic and the socialist politicians associated with it, were seen as traitors by some German people because they signed the humiliating Treaty of Versailles; as a result some politicians (such as Walther Rathenau) ...read more.


It was suppressed by force by the government with the help of the Freikorps. Next in March 1920, the Kapp Putsch occurred. 12,000 Freikorps (ex-army soldiers who formed paramilitary groups) marched to and entered Berlin in an attempt to overthrow the government. The result being that a new government headed by Wolfgang Kapp was announced. Lastly in November 1923, the then little known Nazi Party, led by Hitler, tried to seize power in Munich, it would later be known as the Beer Hall Putsch. The Weimar Republic's problems weren't totally political, they also had to deal with serious economic issues. For instance the Weimar Republic inherited debts from the 1WW. Rather than attempt to repay these war debts by increasing taxes, the new government printed more money. This was the beginning of the hyperinflation crisis; in fact by November 1923 the German mark was worthless. ...read more.


In 1923 Germany failed to make reparation payments to France and Belgium. As a result, the French sent troops into the Ruhr, the most industrialised area of Germany, to seize goods in place of reparations. Rather than deal with the economic problems this caused, the government continued to print money, this resulted in hyperinflation and the German currency became worthless. To conclude on the problems faced by the Weimar Republic contrary to popular beliefs the Versailles Treaty wasn't the only problem, and definitely not the main problem, either. Although it can perhaps be said that it escalated the problem they originally faced, the Weimar Republic and Germany as a country was made a scape goat out of as they only joined the war as an ally to another country and they took on the full blame, without even being considered as they were never invited to the negotiations. Its Possible to say that without the Treaty the Weimar Republic might have been successful in the early 1920s. ...read more.

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