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What was the most important reason for Hitler's rise to power?

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Introduction

What was the most important reason for Hitler's rise to power? Hitler rose to power because of a combination of factors. Some were deep rooted and some were triggers. When asked for the most important each factor can be debated for their relative importance. In the end each factor has a relationship to the next and they interlink. The treaty of Versailles was a real problem in German society. The Germans disliked the treaty for many reason such as the guilt clause, disarmament and the loss of their land. However in the peaceful years of the 1920s things were quieting down with Strasemann in power, the Dawes plan in 1924, Germany joining the League of Nations in 1926 and the Locarno agreement in 1925 all meant that Germany society was settling down, but was it really? In 1929 with the Wall Street crash Germany has to pay back the loan, which the Dawes plan had provided. This was too much for the German people to bear. The Weimar republic collapsed and Hitler gained popularity. Hitler then bought back the hatred of the Treaty of Versailles and blamed the people who signed it for Germanys problems. ...read more.

Middle

There are two types of persuasion a person can use. The first is propaganda, which involves telling people it will be better once one is in power. The other is fear, which involves telling people you will die if you don't support one. These tools are only useful if people are paying attention. This is proved by the facts that Hitler was putting out propaganda and he still had his Brownshirts intimidating people in 1920s but no one was paying attention and he never got to power until people listened to him. Terror is a factor. Hitler used the SA storm troopers to frighten people into supporting him. Brovman says "Between 1925-1930 24 Nazis were killed in street fighting. The violence was planned and encouraged by Nazi leaders. They believed that violence convinced the middle class voters that the Nazis were Germanys toughest and most determined anti-communists" A Hamburg schoolteacher recalls a Nazi meeting in 1932. "It was nearly 3PM. The Fuhrer is coming. A ripple went through the crowd. When his speech was over there was a roaring of applause and enthusiasm. How many look up to him with touching faith as their helper, their saviour, their deliverer from unbearable distress." ...read more.

Conclusion

Once the business cycle faltered, a panic set in. The effects of the crash were hugely to accelerate a downward spiral: real estate values collapsed, factories closed, and banks began to call in loans, precipitating the world-wide Great Depression. After The Wall Street Crash people were suffering the effects of the depression and turned to extremist such as the Nazis or communists. The Wall Street Crash hit Germany especially hard because they had borrowed 800 million gold marks to pay back the reparations. After The Wall Street Crash America wanted the money they had lent back. This shows how The Wall Street Crash links with the reparations. Therefore there is no most important factor in the rise of Hitler. There are different degrees of importance but all factors link. For example if the reparations hadn't had happened The Wall Street Crash wouldn't have been so disastrous. On the other hand if The Wall Street Crash had never have happened Germany would have been able to continue paying reparations. If communism wasn't so feared the rich wouldn't have supported Hitler and the Second World War may have been avoided. There are numerous links between each of the factors and one cannot be singled out as the most important. Chris Deaville ...read more.

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