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What were the key factors that lead to Hitler's rise to power?

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Introduction

What were the key factors that lead to Hitler's rise to power? The first reason for Hitler becoming chancellor was that the NSDAP's opposition was flawed. During the lead up to, and in the height of the hyperinflation crisis, moderate parties had failed to solve the issue effectively; and relied upon America to help them out with the Dawes plan, which would help stabilise the German economy. People hated being helped out by one of the 'Allies', and the discredit moderate parties policies. This helped Hitler's nationalistic appeal to Germany, which was already favoured by authoritarian believers. Von papens government was weakened by his 'cabinet of barons', which was disliked by the working class, as it was seen as a rule by the elite. Brunings government became foiled by his ineffective actions in the depression as he became known as the hunger chancellor. Schleicher and Bruning's governments were also both flawed by their 'agrarian bolshevism' reforms, which were hated by Prussian land owners. Each political party weakened themselves by alienating classes from their regime, which would, in turn, lead to each class switching to a political alternative, e.g. ...read more.

Middle

This is shown by "brought into power by normal interplay" in source 4. The Nazis had something in their campaign that would appeal to every class. The working class was stricken by poverty, illness and unemployment and so the Nazis would campaign 'Bread and work'; meaning they would seek to give food and open new jobs to help/employ the working class. They also campaigned for anti Marxist ideals, which appealed to the middle and upper classes. The communists hated the idea of big businesses ruling the state/economy, and (as shown by the S.A & S.S attacks upon communists in Germany), would dispose of this communist threat. The Nazi regime had many policies that would target just about every class in Germany, and thus would appeal to the electorate to vote Nazi's as they seemed the 'safe' vote. This relied on the weakness of the opposition to capitalise on the misrepresentation of their targeted classes, and so Hitler could capture them. The Fourth reason is Hitler used mass propaganda appeal to attract support. Hitler used Germany's troubles as his weapon to gain his mass support. ...read more.

Conclusion

The electorate was appealed by Hitler's idea of a Fuhrerprinzip, whereby there would be a single strong leader in control of Germany. As shown in coalitions where there is more than one leader, then there is a constant reliance upon article 48 to rule; 66 decrees were issued in 1932. This point would show that it was the weakness in the democratic process itself rather than the weakness of the Nazis opposition that led to Hitler becoming chancellor. In conclusion, the depression is the most important reason out of all of these. It is the event that had caused the Nazis to gain the most support election wise, (37.4 % in July 1932) and gave them access to power. Moderate party ideals were failing for the nation and people begun to lose faith in Weimar. The citizens looked towards extremist ideals to solve this problem and the Nazis were the answer. It was then the fact that they appealed to all classes that would attract people to the Nazis regime, but being deluded by Nazis propaganda as well. Propaganda would take advantage of the flaws in the opposition and use them to Nazis advantage. ...read more.

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