• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Which factors helped contribute to Hitler’s rise in power?

Extracts from this document...


2) Both long term and short term causes helped contribute to Hitler's rise in power. A long term cause is when we can trace the causes of an event over a long period of time whereas a short term cause acts as a catalyst or a trigger to bring about a change. Hitler's rise to power can be seen as a combination of long term causes such as the Treaty of Versailles and economic depression as well as short term causes such as the decision of Hindenberg and Von Papen to make Hitler chancellor. Many of the different long term and short term causes can be linked together such as economic depression causing great pressure For Hindenberg and Von Papen to accept the Nazis(who were backed by businessmen and major industrialists as well as the middle classes suffering from depression). ...read more.


Fourthly, Germany was to lose all her overseas territories and colonies to British and French mandates and finally, the League of Nations was to be set up. These had long term affects on Germany. She suffered lack of pride, loss off military might, economic depression(especially in 1923) and the Ruhr was invaded in 1923 because she was falling behind in reparations. The people lost faith in the Weimar government. Hitler used the Treaty, and those who signed it known as the "November Criminals", to manipulate the German people into supporting him, the Nazi party and their ideology The Treaty created an instability which led to Hitler trying to seize power in 1923 in the Munich Putsch, when the Nazis tried to get to power by using force and the old war hero General Ludendorf. ...read more.


Hitler also realised that he would have to gain power democratically. One of the reasons why Hitler tried to seize power was due to economic depression and the hyperinflation caused partly by reparation payments of the Treaty of Versailles and the invasion of the Ruhr. There were two main slumps in Germany's economy. In 1923 there was hyperinflation, so Germany could pay back her reparations. Hyperinflation happens when production can't keep up with how much money there is, so the money keeps losing its value. As a result, people were paid twice daily before the prices went up again. Middle classed lost out because bank savings became worthless, as did the German Mark. In 1929, the Wall Street stock market crashed. After the boom years ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Hitlers rise to power

    percent control over Germany and the army then swore an oath of loyalty to Hitler. Long term factors included World War one, Hitler was angered by the armistice and because the German public were too he found it very easy to blame it on the Weimar Government.

  2. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    Hitler's words went far and wide. WL Shirer "Hitler ... emblazoned his name on the front pages of the world." KD Bracher "The public forum he won was a vast one." The judge and court did not attempt to stop his blatant 'publicity stunts' and politicising: they allowed the 'partisan'

  1. How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler’s rise to power?

    The government solved this problem by printing more banknotes. Soon the value of money crashed. It was worthless. It cost 201,000,000,000 marks to buy a loaf of bread. This was blamed on the Weimar government. They were basically fighting an impossible battle if they did not sign Versailles Germany would lose the restarted war.

  2. Hitler's Rise to Power

    other alternative because the allies threatened to peruse the war and the fear of total German dismemberment led the government reluctantly to urge acceptance. German outrage at the Treaty is explained in many ways. Most Germans had expected victory and prosperity.

  1. Long and short term reasons for the rise of Hitler.

    "The immediate effect of the signing of the treaty was a blaze of indignation in the German press and depression among the German people." "The peace treaty which Germany signed in 1919 is unfair. It must be cancelled. The land, which it took away, must be reclaimed and France must be destroyed."

  2. Germany 1918-19451. All of the points have factors that helped Hitler into power and ...

    He even wrote a book. The book was called Mien Kampf 'My struggle' In the short term the Munich Putsch was a disaster for Hitler, but with hindsight I can see that in the long term it was an excellent move for Hitler.

  1. Choose any one reason from the list and explain how it contributed to Hitler’s ...

    For example, the decision by Papen and Hindenburg to appoint him as Chancellor, was a short-term effect because it had a direct effect in him gaining power and gave him a higher status. I think one of the causes listed was both a short term and long term cause.

  2. The factors behind Hitler's Rise To Power

    Reparations were even harder to pay since Germany was in the depression period. Not to mention a brand new government. Nazis hated the "unfair" Treaty of 1919. The Nazis were ready to risk war to change the Treaty. Germany was searching for an answer to its impossible problems, and Adolf Hitler claimed he knew the answers to all their problems.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work