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Which factors helped contribute to Hitler’s rise in power?

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2) Both long term and short term causes helped contribute to Hitler's rise in power. A long term cause is when we can trace the causes of an event over a long period of time whereas a short term cause acts as a catalyst or a trigger to bring about a change. Hitler's rise to power can be seen as a combination of long term causes such as the Treaty of Versailles and economic depression as well as short term causes such as the decision of Hindenberg and Von Papen to make Hitler chancellor. Many of the different long term and short term causes can be linked together such as economic depression causing great pressure For Hindenberg and Von Papen to accept the Nazis(who were backed by businessmen and major industrialists as well as the middle classes suffering from depression). ...read more.


Fourthly, Germany was to lose all her overseas territories and colonies to British and French mandates and finally, the League of Nations was to be set up. These had long term affects on Germany. She suffered lack of pride, loss off military might, economic depression(especially in 1923) and the Ruhr was invaded in 1923 because she was falling behind in reparations. The people lost faith in the Weimar government. Hitler used the Treaty, and those who signed it known as the "November Criminals", to manipulate the German people into supporting him, the Nazi party and their ideology The Treaty created an instability which led to Hitler trying to seize power in 1923 in the Munich Putsch, when the Nazis tried to get to power by using force and the old war hero General Ludendorf. ...read more.


Hitler also realised that he would have to gain power democratically. One of the reasons why Hitler tried to seize power was due to economic depression and the hyperinflation caused partly by reparation payments of the Treaty of Versailles and the invasion of the Ruhr. There were two main slumps in Germany's economy. In 1923 there was hyperinflation, so Germany could pay back her reparations. Hyperinflation happens when production can't keep up with how much money there is, so the money keeps losing its value. As a result, people were paid twice daily before the prices went up again. Middle classed lost out because bank savings became worthless, as did the German Mark. In 1929, the Wall Street stock market crashed. After the boom years ...read more.

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