• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why, despite the suffragette activity, had women not gained the vote by the outbreak of the First World War?

Extracts from this document...


3. Study sources D and E and use your own knowledge. Why, despite the suffragette activity, had women not gained the vote by the outbreak of the First World War? The first reason why the women had not gained the vote by WW1 was simply because Parliament didn't allow it. In the years before 1900, 15 bills for women's suffrage had been put forward to Parliament by a group of women known as the suffragists. Each time, the bill failed. The lack of success annoyed many suffragists and by 1903, Ms Emmeline Pankhurst created another organisation of women known as the suffragettes. One of the biggest reasons was people's views on equality of the sexes. The public, MPs and even the other women felt that men were superior to women. Men of that era believed that women were irrational, second class and unsuitable. Source E, part of a speech made by a Member of Parliament in 1913 stated that if women did gain the vote, it meant that most voters would be women. ...read more.


MP's who supported the suffragettes were put off and felt they should not give the vote because of their radical ways. Their violent tactics were regarded as attention and publicity seeking. Pankhurst explained that they were driven to these tactics because peaceful methods had failed. The suffragettes lost support due to their irrational behaviour. Some of these violent tactics were throwing stones at 10 Downing Street, the smashing of major department stores, Hunger Strike and the slashing of the Rokeby Venus painting. Such brutality alienated many people. Source D is a passage from a book written by Emmeline Pankhurst in 1912. She writes "Now the newspapers are full of us", by this time, people were fed up of reading about the Suffragettes in the newspapers. Pankhurst is regarded un-lady like when she says "we will fight for our cause". This was another reason why the women did not receive the vote. She continues to write "In 1906 there was a very large section of the public who were in favour of women's suffrage", this may have been a large and biased exaggeration hence they did not succeed. ...read more.


With the Queen and many other women against women's suffrage it held back the vote. A further reason why the suffragettes did not receive the vote was that they did not stick together. In September 1907, The WSPU split into two. It was still dominated by the Pankhursts but some members broke away to form the 'Women's Freedom League'. The two organisations often worked together but there were many disagreements about the amount of violence. The Pethick Lawrences left in 1912, they were the fundraisers. At the 1913 Derby, to draw attention to the women's movement, Emily Davidson stepped out in front of the king's horse and attempted to snatch the rains. It is claimed that Emily held on for a few seconds, but the horse moving at over 30mph and weighing over three-quarters of a ton, knocked her over. The horse stumbled throwing the rider, Jones violently to the ground. He and Davidson were both bleeding badly. Unfortunately, Davidson never regained consciousness and died four days later. On 10th March 1914, Suffragette Mary Richardson violently slashed Velazquez's "Rokeby Venus" at London's National Gallery as a protest against the British government's treatment of Emmeline Pankhurst. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Why did women fail to gain the vote between 1900-1914?

    The issues of Irish Home Rule and Disestablishment of the church of Wales were declared as delayed until after the war. Irish Home Rule was on target to be passed when outbreak of war was declared, and consequently, the citizens became extremely angry at the delay, especially after the cold

  2. Role of women during the First World War

    get the vote they need to get the government's or society's support. The source shows that violent protests are certainly not the solution for women getting the vote. Bernard Partridge shows in the drawing his views on what the suffrage campaign should or should not do.

  1. How important were Haig's tactics in bringing an end to WW1?

    Russia had ensured the failure of the Schlieffen Plan. The Germans aimed to defeat France in six weeks so that they could send their armies to fight Russia. They assumed that Russia would not be ready in that time because they were so poorly equipped and badly trained.

  2. Women and the Vote

    was put into the source to make us feel sympathetic towards women who wanted female suffrage. Source J is a part of a speech by Herbert Asquith in the House of Commons in 1917. Asquith had been Prime Minister from 1908 to 1916 when he had opposed giving women the vote.

  1. Did The First World War Liberate British Women?

    I know from my own knowledge that there were times when an employer would change a person's name to one more fitting of a servant. I have even heard of incidents when whole households of servants were given the same name so that it was easier on the employer to remember.

  2. Why did the Liberals decline between 1908-1918?

    The conditions in their homes were cold, damp and miserable. This caused disease and the conditions were bad for people's health. The death rate was high and the life expectancy was only thirty seven for a male and forty two for a female in 1900.

  1. To what extent did the work done by women during World War 1 gain ...

    women were unworthy of the vote, as their lack of intellect made them incapable of political decision and would vote Conservative if they were given the vote15. The women's Suffrage movement comprised two strands, the moderate strand developed from the ideals of Millicent Garrett Fawcett and the better known "suffragettes"

  2. Votes For Women - Source related study.

    The line "On her their lives depend," at the top of the poster was to encourage women to join the war effort. This worked, as the suffrage campaigners had given up their protest at the start of the war in 1914 to channel their energies into helping the country.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work