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Why Did Anti-Semitism Develop Between 1900 and 1941?

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Why Did Anti-Semitism Develop Between 1900 and 1941? Anti-Semitism has been around since Jesus' time. When Christianity was formed, most Jews refused to become Christians. The early Christians believed, therefore, that when the Jews rejected Jesus, they were, in fact, rejecting God. From this, the early Christians hated the Jews. One of the reasons they came up with was that they believed that the Jews sacrificed their children to Satan. This was said by St. John Chrysostom (c. 345-407 AD). Another belief was that they thought that a synagogue was a meeting place for the assassins of Christ and that it was a curse. St. Thomas Aquinas (c.1225-74 AD) said: "It would be right to keep Jews, because of their crime, in slavery. Princes may take away everything owned by the Jews." Jews were also blamed for natural disasters, for poisoning wells and drinking the blood of Christian children. Martin Luther wrote a book called "Of Jews and Their Lies". He said: "First, their synagogues should be set on fire. Secondly, their homes should be broken down. Thirdly, their rabbis must be forbidden under threat of death to teach anyone." However, none of the sources actually say what the Jews had done to deserve such hatred. ...read more.


Captain Dreyfus, a French army officer, was put on trial accused for selling military secrets to the Germans. In the book "J'Accuse!", written by Emile Zola, which exposed the unfairness of Dreyfus' trial and that it was clear that his "jewishness" was on trial and the charges were lies. Italy was a lot like Britain, in which it did not have a tradition of hatred towards the Jews, and it's Jewish population was only about 60,000. Although Italy had a Fascist government, Mussolini himself was not anti-Semitic. He didn't think they were infecting Italian racial purity, so they weren't treated any different than any other group at that time. Nevertheless, when Italy joined Hitler in 1936, Mussolini began to pass anti-Jewish measures, due to pressure from Hitler. But these weren't popular, unlike Germany. Several numbers of Italians were prepared to help the Jews, and it was only after 1943, when Hitler put Italy under direct German rule, that Italian Jews began to be sent to death-camps in Poland. Germany, on the other hand, was a lot different that Britain, France and Italy. For over a thousand years, there had been a Jewish community in Germany, and there were over 500,000 living there in 1933, yet they still faced prejudice and hatred. ...read more.


They no longer had to live in ghettos, but they did so in peril, because attitudes of hundreds of years could not be broken down easily. In 1928, the Soviet government set up a Jewish homeland in Birobidjan (near China), but due to the region being marsh and remote, the plan failed. Thousands of Jews wanted to leave for Palestine, but were seen as wishing to abandon the Socialist experiment in favour of capitalist society. Thousands of Jews (like every other group in Russia) suffered from the mass terror of Stalin's reign in the late 1930's. Each country I have discussed has had different views on Jewish people, some more different than others. France, Britain and Italy didn't have strong hatred of the Jews, although some individuals did. Germany and Russia, on the other hand, did have strong hatred for the Jews, and showed it. The Christian view has changed in some countries, but not in others. Places like Russia and Germany, where there were a lot of Jews, there was a lot of hatred towards them, but places like Britain and Italy, there weren't a lot of Jews, so their view would have changed because they don't know much about them. ?? ?? ?? ?? Amy Jones Page 1 1/8/2008 ...read more.

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