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Why Did Britain Evacuate Children During WWII?

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Introduction

Why Did Britain Evacuate Children During WWII? On the 1st September 1939, roughly two days before the beginning of World War Two, the British government decided to evacuate 3.5 million of its citizens in to the countryside. In fact, it turned out that only 1.5 million people were evacuated. Yet this was still somewhat a miraculous feat considering the organization it would have taken to execute such a maneuver. But why did the government think that it was worth going to such lengths? Surely the main priority before a war would be to prepare ammunitions, soldiers, weapons etc.? To some extent this is true. The evacuation of children to the countryside not only meant they were safer, it also meant the mothers had much more free time to help prepare the country for war. ...read more.

Middle

This was especially frightening for Britain, as historically it had had the strongest navy, and was the strongest power on earth. It had also been aided by the fact that it was an island - thus harder to invade. But the new technology of airplanes meant that Britain was left extremely vulnerable to attack from above. Yet this was not the only reason the government decided to evacuate Britain's children. It goes without saying that children were safer in non-industrial conurbations, and this was undoubtedly one of the reasons the government paid for them to be evacuated. Another possible reason as to why this decision was made is that the prime minister at the time, Neville Chamberlain, wanted to keep intact his generation of youth, as he ...read more.

Conclusion

Perhaps Hitler had threatened Chamberlain too much by trying to expand his empire too fast. But he must have planned that war would take place - as he tried to make his country completely self-sufficient, so as not to have to rely on imports and face the prospect of boycotts. In conclusion, I think it is fair to say that many things influenced Chamberlain and his government to evacuate the children of Britain. For example the previous Spanish Civil War, Hitler's expansion of the Lebensraum, the importance of women working in factories, as well as the safety and wellbeing of the children of Britain. But in my opinion, if evacuation had not taken place, there would have been no chance of Britain winning the war. ?? ?? ?? ?? Bruno Crosier 11A 25/10/07 ...read more.

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