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Why did British government decide to evacuate children from major British cities in the early years of WW2?

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Why did British government decide to evacuate children from major British cities in the early years of WW2? There 2 waves of evacuation in the early years of the war. The children were evacuated into the countryside in September 1939. Mostly children were evacuated because they were seen as the 'future generation' along with old people, pregnant women and teachers. Evacuation was an enormous task which include everyone, because of this it had to be organized well, it was a voluntary and people only took in children at their own free will. Also was no-one was forced to evacuate although government propaganda did encourage parents to send their children. ...read more.


The second wave of evacuation was taken more seriously this occurred when bombing in the south coast began in Canterbury. After 1941 life got better for these people. Children were now settled in their new foster homes and bombing became lighter for the women working in the cities Safety was obviously a key reason for evacuation. The threat to civilians was new to people since WW1 bombers and other weapons had significantly developed and posed a major threat to civilians than ever before. Also the German devastating blitzkrieg tactic was a major threat Britain knew what sort of damage this tactic can do to any country; blitzkrieg was particularly effective in the Spanish town of guernica. ...read more.


The richer people in the country saw how terribly poor the evacuees were and complained to the government about the bad living standards. This caused the government to act in favour of the lower class and make plans for their welfare. A town and country-planning act was passed in 1943. This ensured the building of new houses and would supply 100,000 council houses by the end of 1950. Evacuation was probably one of the biggest tests ever faced by a British government and its people. It required patience and cooperation of everyone; also evacuation included many different groups of people teachers, parents, evacuees, hosts to name the most important. In my opinion evacuation was fully justified at time and still is without it Britain would have had higher civilian casualties than they did. ...read more.

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