• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Hindenburg appoint Hitler as chancellor?

Extracts from this document...


History essay- Germany 1919 to 1933 Question: why did Hindenburg appoint Hitler as chancellor? There were many reasons why Hitler became chancellor in 1933. In many ways the Depression was the most important reason why Hitler came to power in 1933. The depression derived from the Wall Street Crash, when people rushed to sell their shares because they realised the companies were doing badly. Thousands of businesses and people were ruined. This affected Germany because America withdrew its loans and the German economy collapsed. Millions were left unemployed. The new Weimar government broke down and people were ready to listen to groups like Hitler's Nazis, who promised a strong government and a better way of life. People who had never been interested in politics before found themselves listening to extremist groups because the government had collapsed. The Depression was a tremendous piece of good luck for the Nazis, because it enabled them to get the majority of the vote in Germany (43.9%). The Treaty of Versailles was one of the most important causes that led to Hitler's rise in Germany. From the German point of view the treaty was incredibly harsh and devastating for Germany. The leaders of the allies drew up this treaty to purposely revenge and weaken Germany. The treaty contained five major points that would be Germany's demise. The first part was to revenge and weaken Germany. Many rules were laid down to Germany, which they had to obey. ...read more.


Hitler hated the Treaty of Versailles and he often referred to the people who signed it as "November criminals" because the war had ended in November. He stirred up the German people by reminding them of parts of the treaty that they would not like and he promised that if he was elected he would refuse to abide by many terms in the treaty, such as the reparations, military restrictions, and the land which was "stolen" away from Germany. He knew that people in Germany felt bad from the depression, and so the majority of the population blamed their problems on the treaty, this caused many to turn towards Hitler, because he had been against the treaty right from the start. After becoming the leader of the Nazi party, he set his sights on overall power of Germany. He had very strong views on Germany being the Master race and thought that Germany was far superior to any other country. Hitler wanted Germany to stand up and be strong once more. He planned to do this by having a Third Reich. He said that Germany needed to reach out to all the German people in whatever country. He wanted to join up with Poland, the Sudetenland and Austria. If these three countries wouldn't agree to join with Hitler and Germany, Hitler would almost certainly invade and conquer them anyway. Hitler knew that this would be breaking the treaty, but he didn't care. ...read more.


They just wanted a new government and leader who could help Germany from the great Depression. Many historians believe that it was just not Papen and Scheliser who were the ones who persuaded Hindenburg to choose Hitler as the next chancellor. It was due to the elite. The elite were the top one percent of people who practially owned Germany. They were the rich industrialists, generals. Basically they were the most richest and influential people in the country. They all had there own reason for wanting Hitler in power, the generals wanted a dictatorial figure, and the rich wanted someone who was against the communists. The most important reason why the elite, Hindenburg, Von Papen and Scleicher wanted Hitler in power was because they naively thought that Hitler would be able to be controlled and manipulated. Nonetheless no one reason can explain why Hitler gained power in Germany in 1933. Many of the reasons are inter-linked. The Depression led to high unemployment because factories had closed down, and farmers and many businessmen could not sell their goods. The Depression led to millions supporting parties that worked to end the Weimar republic. Many businessmen then looked to Hitler to defend them from the communists. The deal with Von Papen led to Hitler gaining office as chancellor and eventually becoming a dictator. Goebbels' intelligent propaganda then built on the anti-Communist and anti-Semitic views that already existed in Germany. This in turn further increased the popularity of the Nazis. What is clear that no one was solely to blame for putting Hitler in power. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Why did Hindenburg appoint Hitler as Chancellor in 1933?

    3 star(s)

    Hindenburg wanted him in his government but that he was very wary, as were a large majority of the elite, of the radicalism and generally vulgar nature of the Nazi movement thus being the reason why Hitler was offered the vice-Chancellorship, as a 'taming strategy' for the extremist Nazi party.

  2. Assess the impact of the role of Paul von Hindenburg in the period following ...

    Although he had previously displayed much success in defeating the Russians, this wasn't to continue in when from March to July of 1818 he had to withdraw the German troops from the western front. The defeat is attributed to the American troops assisting the forces on the French line.

  1. adolf hitler

    Propaganda cost money and this was something that the Nazi Party was very short of. Whereas the German Social Democratic Party was funded by the trade unions and the pro-capitalist parties by industrialists, the NSDAP had to rely on contributions from party members.

  2. Long term causes like the economic depression 1929-1933, and the failure of the Weimar ...

    The loss of territory was obviously a huge blow to Germany, as they lost 12.5% of their population, and the loss of industry and raw materials, but there were other reasons that caused Germany to feel angry towards the Allies.

  1. Behind Enemy Lines.

    One of his mentors was an officer called Lieutenant Peters from the Royal Air Force. He was a qualified pilot and a highly experienced paratrooper. The Lieutenant would teach the men all they needed to know about parachuting behind enemy lines.

  2. There were many reasons why Hitler became chancellor in 1933.

    This meant that the army was cut to just 100,000 men and the navy just 15, 000 men and 36 ships. There were to be absolutely no Airforce or submarines. All this humiliation made the country feel weak. The country also had a huge problem in dealing with the large population of unemployed soldiers.

  1. How did Hitler become Chancellor of Germany in 1933?

    In 1922, Weimar Germany simply could not manage to pay another installment. This the Allies did not believe - especially France where anger towards Germany still ran deep - and the German government was accused of trying to get out of her reparations responsibilities.

  2. History controlled assessment - Germany between the wars

    These included: Mendelssohn, a German composer who was Jewish; Van Gogh, a Dutch painter who was an impressionist; and H G Wells, a British novelist who wrote a book called "The Shape of Things to Come" in which he predicted that a Second World War would lead to the destruction of the world.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work