• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did international peace collapse in 1939?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Tuesday, March 13th, 2012 Ricardo Roche History Y-10 Why did war break out in Europe in 1939? When Hitler came to power in in Germany in 1933 he had already planned out what he wanted Germany to accomplish. Hitler had written a book called Mein Kampf, in 1924 that stated his goals. His first goal was to abolish the Treaty of Versailles, he fought in World War I and felt that German politicians had ?stabbed Germany in the back?, as far as he was concerned, the German Army did not lose that war. Another reason he wanted to abolish the Treaty of Versailles was because it greatly restricted the German Armed Forces and they were forced to demilitarise the Rhineland. His second goal was to expand German territory since it had been deeply limited after World War I and believed that the German people needed Lebensraum, or living space, and Anschluss, or unity, with Austria. There were Germans living in Czechoslovakia, mostly the Sudetenland, and Poland, including Danzig, and he was determined to unite them under one Reich. His third goal was to stop communism, since he had a fascist government, which was the opposite of Russian communism, or Bolshevism. Hitler believed that Bolsheviks had helped defeat Germany in World War I and they still planned on taking over Germany. ...read more.


?If the French had taken any action we would have been easily defeated? (Hitler speaking of the German march into the Rhineland) Hitler had no intention on fighting French troops in the Rhineland, as shown in the source, which is why he sent his army with the instruction of retreating if faced with any opposition. If the French had opposed to Germany, Hitler would have been greatly humiliated in Germany and abroad since may German generals were still uncertain about him. This factor could be the most important one to cause World War II since the military intervention from Britain and France would have stopped Germany early on instead of declaring war once they were already more powerful. ?They could have suppressed us but they let us through the danger zone. (?) They left us alone and let us slip through the danger zone. And when we were done, and well armed, better than they, then they started the war!? (Goebbels, a member of Hitler?s government, speaking to German journalists, April 1940) This source is evidence to the fact that Britain and France could have prevented the war if they had just reacted to the German threat, coming from an important member of Hitler?s government. ...read more.


Hitler had taken his gamble on step too far by invading Poland instead of just keeping what he already had. ?By surrendering to force, Chamberlain has encouraged aggression? our central contention, therefore, is that Mr Chamberlain?s policy [of appeasement] has throughout been based on a fatal misunderstanding od the psychology of a dictatorship.? (The Yorkshire Post, December 1938) This source can be interpreted as true in the sense that the policy of appeasement was making Hitler take larger gambles every time and that Chamberlain had misjudged Hitler?s character. However, the source could be interpreted as incorrect since appeasement was justified at the time, and it was based on Britain and France?s desire to ensure peace and avoid war, and not Chamberlain?s misjudgement of Hitler as stated in the source. In the end, if Britain and France had never adopted the policy of appeasement, the war was likely to have been avoided and international peace would have been ensured. And if Britain and France had not ended appeasement that way that they did, war would have also been evitable. Appeasement made Hitler go too far and would make him think no one dared stop him, which encouraged him to go further every time until his gamble went too far and appeasement ended, war was declared, and international peace collapsed in 1939. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Why did war break out in Europe in 1939

    Hitler wanted this agreement so Germany would not have to fight a war on two fronts, with France and Russia, and Stalin wanted this because he believed Eastern Poland should be taken into the USSR, he deemed Britain and France to be unreliable and because he needed more time to build up his armed forces.

  2. How significant was the Night of the Long Knives in enabling Hitler to consolidate ...

    and successfully offered them a deal that if they voted for the bill then the Nazi Party would guarantee the rights of the Catholic Church in Germany (such as youth groups and Catholic schools). The remaining deputies were surrounded by the SA and SS and threatened with death if they did not vote for the law.

  1. Why was the Abyssinian crisis a death blow to the league when the Manchurian ...

    left in the league were seen to have secret meetings with Italy. This greatly undermined the belief in the league. Also, people in Europe thought that Japan was so far away from them that they didn't need to worry too much about what occurred somewhere on the other side of the world.

  2. Were the Peace Settlements after World War One Justified?

    She had to pay reparations and had her armed forces limited to twenty thousand. However, she lost her access to the Mediterranean Sea, which was perceived by many as unfair. Bulgaria also lost land to Greece, Romania and the new state of Yugoslavia.

  1. Was Hitler the cause of WW2? A.J.P Taylor wrote the controversial The origins ...

    led to other problems and encouraged the rise of powerful nationalist dictators and militaristic governments prepared to ignore the League and to use force. The weakness of the League of Nations was a major cause of the Second World War because if it had worked, then there would have been

  2. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    punishment of Germany, other countries fought on her side and, equally, had to be dealt with. These countries were Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey. Austria-Hungary had to sign two peace settlements, indicative of the fact that this state was shortly to be divided into two.

  1. Hitler and the Munich Agreement. The Munich Agreement was the final policy ...

    Also, the Munich Agreement proved that the other nations of Europe were focused on making Hitler happy, for Czechoslovakia, the country whose land was being taken and who would have opposed Hitler, was excluded from the conference. The Munich Agreement paved the road for World War 2 because it showed Hitler that he could take over Europe.

  2. Was the Policy of Appeasement correct?

    if Hitler invaded Poland, then 'Britain would go to war with Germany'. After all of Hitler's action creating 'Gro´┐Żdeutschalnd', it is clear that he is prepared for a war with France and England so he is obviously going to invade Poland getting more land and resources.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work