• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities at the start of the Second World War?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War? Early on in World War 2, many children along with some mothers were evacuated from major cities by the government. There are many reasons why the government decided to do this: The most obvious of these is the health and safety issues that arise from such people remaining in the cities as large scale bombings, fires and dangerous factory work, along with possible accidents as a result of the blackout, would be very dangerous. People that had been injured would also provide a large pressure on Britain's economy, putting Hospitals in highly populated areas under immense amounts of pressure. ...read more.


The British Government calculated that 100,000 tons of bombs would be dropped on London in 2 weeks, with each ton causing 50 casualties, which translates roughly to half of the children from the major cities being injured as a direct result of bombings. As well as economic pressure, there were psychological reasons for evacuation to occur, people out on the lines were to believe that their children and families back home had been evacuated and were all safe, this was to be a major morale boost for the British troops and thus would encourage them to work harder, to make sure Britain would be an o.k place for their children to grow up. The war, needed more supplies and artillery sending to the front lines as it progressed, this meant that someone back home had to work in ...read more.


The government also wanted to ensure a good future for Britain as a country, as they knew that many of the men were likely to be killed from fighting, they needed to keep someone in the country for after the war to run the shops, factories and other businesses, the Government knew that the future of Britain depended on the survival of the children, providing a huge motive for evacuating the Children. Overall, there were a number of factors that brought the government to decide to commit to a large scale evacuation scheme, the most important of which was the overall economic benefits, as the war simply could not have been fought by Britain without the women working in the factories of Britain. Although the health and safety benefits were very important the related benefits were even more so, such as moral boosting, and the idea that Britain would survive after the war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Evacuation in Britain during the Second World War

    In conclusion, I do not think that Source G is reliable as evidence about evacuees as, even though its content is similar to what actually happened and is backed up other sources. It is a fictional text, and so it does not have to be accurate and may be more exaggerated to make it a more entertaining read.

  2. How important were Haig's tactics in bringing an end to WW1?

    The victim's would become blind and after four to five weeks of unbelievable pain, they would die. However, gas attacks were not that much successful because, fortunately, both sides stopped using gas because scientists, as well as improving gas, they also found a way to stop it.

  1. Discuss the impact of the Second World War on Britain.

    That in fact is a reason why the USA intervened in the war: the avoid the spread of communism. During the war, Labour gained in experience and respect. Churchill was succeeded as Prime Minister by Clement Attlee, the leader of the Labour Party.

  2. Explain the Differing Reactions of People in Britain to the Policy of Evacuating Children ...

    The Government used propaganda during the war to encourage evacuation to continue to be successful. Source H shows one example of propaganda in the form of an advertisement issued in 1940. The main aim of this poster is to encourage more families to become host families, and tries to promote

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in ...

    However, World War Two was expected to be far worse than World War One as technology had advanced dramatically. Bombers could now carry large amounts of bombs over hundreds of miles. The planes would have also been more manoeuvrable and more precise as to where the bombs landed.

  2. Evacuation Of British School Children In World War 2.

    Sir John Anderson was put in charge of the evacuation scheme. The first six months of the war were known as "the phoney war" this was because none of the expected air raids took place. Many people returned home at this time as it was around Christmas and they wanted to spend it with their families.

  1. What was the extent of change in the role of the UK government in ...

    The children that did get there barely ever saw their parents and when the war was over they didn't want to come home. Some children had horrible experiences at the hands of abusive parents, a fault of the government for failing to properly research the prospective carers.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    Often the bombers would bomb nearly every area of the city apart from one, causing mass fleeing to this 'safe-zone'. Then the infantry would surround this area causing more casualties and terror. When countries, opposed to Hitler's Nazi regime, saw how he did not care about civilian casualties, including women

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work