• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities at the start of the Second World War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War? Early on in World War 2, many children along with some mothers were evacuated from major cities by the government. There are many reasons why the government decided to do this: The most obvious of these is the health and safety issues that arise from such people remaining in the cities as large scale bombings, fires and dangerous factory work, along with possible accidents as a result of the blackout, would be very dangerous. People that had been injured would also provide a large pressure on Britain's economy, putting Hospitals in highly populated areas under immense amounts of pressure. ...read more.

Middle

The British Government calculated that 100,000 tons of bombs would be dropped on London in 2 weeks, with each ton causing 50 casualties, which translates roughly to half of the children from the major cities being injured as a direct result of bombings. As well as economic pressure, there were psychological reasons for evacuation to occur, people out on the lines were to believe that their children and families back home had been evacuated and were all safe, this was to be a major morale boost for the British troops and thus would encourage them to work harder, to make sure Britain would be an o.k place for their children to grow up. The war, needed more supplies and artillery sending to the front lines as it progressed, this meant that someone back home had to work in ...read more.

Conclusion

The government also wanted to ensure a good future for Britain as a country, as they knew that many of the men were likely to be killed from fighting, they needed to keep someone in the country for after the war to run the shops, factories and other businesses, the Government knew that the future of Britain depended on the survival of the children, providing a huge motive for evacuating the Children. Overall, there were a number of factors that brought the government to decide to commit to a large scale evacuation scheme, the most important of which was the overall economic benefits, as the war simply could not have been fought by Britain without the women working in the factories of Britain. Although the health and safety benefits were very important the related benefits were even more so, such as moral boosting, and the idea that Britain would survive after the war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Evacuation in Britain during the Second World War

    realised that the possibility of an attack on civilians was a real threat. It was known as Operation Pied Piper. Throughout the war, thousands of children, pregnant women, mothers with young children, disabled people and teachers were evacuated from big cities to the countryside.

  2. Discuss the impact of the Second World War on Britain.

    Like Ernest Bevin, he gained a lot of experience. This is important because the Labour Government had hardly any experience because they never ruled Britian, it was a political Catch 22 situation, and the British didn't trust the Labour Party to take control of Government, until 1945.

  1. How important were Haig's tactics in bringing an end to WW1?

    Without the bombardments then none of Haig's tactics would have worked, so I think that it is fair to say that the use of heavy artillery was incredibly important. Poison gas was another new weapon used in the WW1. It was first used on April 22nd 1915 by the German troops at the second Battle of Ypres.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in ...

    However, World War Two was expected to be far worse than World War One as technology had advanced dramatically. Bombers could now carry large amounts of bombs over hundreds of miles. The planes would have also been more manoeuvrable and more precise as to where the bombs landed.

  1. What was the extent of change in the role of the UK government in ...

    Women were encouraged to volunteer for the WVS as well as often caring for their children and working a part-time job. However the work of women was not properly organised till 1941, by that time Britain was suffering severe labour shortages.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    of the risk of being bombed, the Government believed that if the population knew then they could prepare for attacks by installing bomb shelters and blackouts. Evacuation was announced so that if bombing began, children would either be safe in the countryside or parents could use the program to ensure that their children got a home.

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    In my opinion, the main reason for the evacuation of children was to keep up morale. The death of children would be a crushing blow to both the mothers who were contributing and the fathers who were fighting. If news came of children's death, the country may have lost the

  2. Why did the British government evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in the early ...

    This affair was public so everyone got to see the terror that was brought with the bombings. This brought terror to the public; the British newspapers reported the disaster as 'ghastly', they said that it was usually market day which tells the public that the attack was planned out so that civilians died.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work