• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in the early years of the Second World War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

GCSE History Coursework - Question 1 Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War? When Britain declared war on Germany in 1939 the British government urged families in cities that were likely to be bombed in air raids, to evacuate their children to the country. There was lots of reasons the British government decided to evacuate children during WW2 most of them I will highlight in this essay. The first reason the British evacuated children was because England had experienced air raids during world war one. Gotha bombers & Zeppelins, which were huge balloons that dropped bombs, reeked havoc on British towns. ...read more.

Middle

The city was bombed to the ground by German planes. Some people believe that the Luftwaffe bombed the city as an experiment to measure the damage to the city and the loss of civilian life. The Luftwaffe confirmed their findings by bombing Shanghai. These events highlighted to the British government the damage that large scale 'blanket bombing' could have on any major British city. Evacuation was also considered essential as the Germans were likely to target key Cities, major industrial areas, ports and shipbuilding cities. It was thought that the Germans would try to disrupt major industrial production of weapons and supplies, areas producing equipment which was considered at risk were densely populated, and any air raid would target high numbers of children and families, these areas were considered 'high risk' and the government considered evacuation the only safe option. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another major reason was the collapse of France, Germany was now occupying France, which meant that they were nearer to England and were able to attack more easily and frequently as they were in closer range. Again, the government felt that the Germans were much more inclined to carry out large scale bombings on the major industrial areas of Britain, resulting in the threat to children's' lives. All of the above reasons contributed to the decision to evacuate children from cities to rural areas, which were considered a safer option. I feel that the reason which contributed most to the final decision of child evacuation was the confirmation that the Germans would bomb innocent children as a result of huge scale city destruction caused by air raids, as verified by the bombings in Guernica. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Evacuation in Britain during the Second World War

    "Evacuation was a great success." Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation? Evacuation took place in Britain during the Second World War, beginning on 1st September 1939, two days before war was declared. It was planned for many years before it was put into action, when the government

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in ...

    For the first time the British civilians were vulnerable when previously they had been safe from invasion. Many people remembered the bombings of World War One and how they had destroyed buildings. One person said 'The whole street seemed to explode.'

  1. What was the extent of change in the role of the UK government in ...

    Rationing was introduced to ensure that despite dwindling food supplies everyone was fed enough to survive with a far and equal amount.

  2. Why did the British government evacuate children

    Such as soldiers, builders, doctors etc. They needed the people of Britain to carry on with important jobs so Britain remains a better and rich country. Especially the builders as they needed people to help rebuild the country after the war.

  1. Discuss the impact of the Second World War on Britain.

    Planning came to be regarded as beneficial and effective. Politically, there was a "swing to the left" and it continued after the war since in July 1946, the Labour Party won the election with a 146 majority, despite the popular Churchill being a conservative.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    to go to war - their desperation was so great that they allowed their enemy to expand from a country which they could have easily 'put in place', to a threat to the whole of Europe. They had been so intent on preventing a war that they had not planned for the possibility of a war happening!

  1. why did the british government decide to evacuate children in the early years of ...

    Many new technologies and tactics were used in this war, Firepower Technology mainly. The Bf 109B first entered combat with the German Condor Legion units during the Spanish Civil War. 500,000 peoples were killed. To avoid this happening in Britain, the government needed planes to fight back and try to

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    E.g. Ammunition factories, boat yards and aeroplane hangars. These being places that needed to be kept running when Britain was at war. So if the women worked at these places nobody would be able to look after the children and work at the same time. So if the government used evacuation, then the children would be out of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work