• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in the early years of the Second World War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

GCSE History Coursework - Question 1 Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War? When Britain declared war on Germany in 1939 the British government urged families in cities that were likely to be bombed in air raids, to evacuate their children to the country. There was lots of reasons the British government decided to evacuate children during WW2 most of them I will highlight in this essay. The first reason the British evacuated children was because England had experienced air raids during world war one. Gotha bombers & Zeppelins, which were huge balloons that dropped bombs, reeked havoc on British towns. ...read more.

Middle

The city was bombed to the ground by German planes. Some people believe that the Luftwaffe bombed the city as an experiment to measure the damage to the city and the loss of civilian life. The Luftwaffe confirmed their findings by bombing Shanghai. These events highlighted to the British government the damage that large scale 'blanket bombing' could have on any major British city. Evacuation was also considered essential as the Germans were likely to target key Cities, major industrial areas, ports and shipbuilding cities. It was thought that the Germans would try to disrupt major industrial production of weapons and supplies, areas producing equipment which was considered at risk were densely populated, and any air raid would target high numbers of children and families, these areas were considered 'high risk' and the government considered evacuation the only safe option. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another major reason was the collapse of France, Germany was now occupying France, which meant that they were nearer to England and were able to attack more easily and frequently as they were in closer range. Again, the government felt that the Germans were much more inclined to carry out large scale bombings on the major industrial areas of Britain, resulting in the threat to children's' lives. All of the above reasons contributed to the decision to evacuate children from cities to rural areas, which were considered a safer option. I feel that the reason which contributed most to the final decision of child evacuation was the confirmation that the Germans would bomb innocent children as a result of huge scale city destruction caused by air raids, as verified by the bombings in Guernica. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Evacuation in Britain during the Second World War

    The first angle to look at evacuation from is that of the evacuees themselves. They were mostly children, but mothers of children under five, pregnant women, disabled people and teachers were also evacuated. The first point therefore to make is that it accomplished, at least to some extent, its primary

  2. What was the extent of change in the role of the UK government in ...

    This understanding showed the shared motivation behind keeping Britain going. They also showed support for the government by acquainting them with the newsreaders names, so that in the event of invasion, the British people would be able to spot and impersonator.

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    Often the bombers would bomb nearly every area of the city apart from one, causing mass fleeing to this 'safe-zone'. Then the infantry would surround this area causing more casualties and terror. When countries, opposed to Hitler's Nazi regime, saw how he did not care about civilian casualties, including women

  2. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    countries grew more and more concerned for the welfare of children in their industrial areas. Evacuation in Britain came in three big waves. During the phoney war (a period when no bombs were dropped in early 1940), people began to feel a false sense of confidence that they would not be bombed.

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    Originally called the Local Defence Volunteers, the Home Guard were a group of men given the job of defending the country against land attack. They were not allowed to join the army as they had jobs that were necessary to run the country (bankers, railway workers etc.), or were too old/young to join.

  2. Why did the British government evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in the early ...

    worried the government as they knew that with the new planes they would be able to reach anywhere and would bomb all the major towns and cities bringing danger to everyone. The government knew this would be a huge threat to the public as well as their industries and defences.

  1. why did the british government decide to evacuate children in the early years of ...

    Evacuation also gave the woman a role. As Evacuation gave freedom to the women, the Government took advantage of this and started making propaganda posters, encouraging the woman to work in the cities to take over the rolls of the men.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from major cities in the ...

    Also, cities were a main part of the war effort, with ports for trade and hubs and railway stations to transport soldiers and weaponry throughout the country. During the 1920's, after the relative success of Zeppelins, German engineers (some of the best in the world), invented the German bomber, Gotha IV.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work