• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War? After Germany invaded Poland in 1939, Britain and France declared war on Germany and just twenty-one years after the last one had ended, a new World War had begun. With these past twenty-one years being very tense between countries, warfare had changed, weapons that could kill many people instantly were invented and especially the warfare in the sky was much more advanced. With a ruthless dictator in power, Germany had the technology to cause millions of casualties across to Britain, especially on her home front. With fear of heavy bombing of Britain's large cities, the British government decided to evacuate the children of Britain to safety in the countryside. ...read more.

Middle

The Germans had new longer range bombers which would be harder to defend against. Over 60,000 people were killed by German bombing raids. This was very bad, but not as bad as was expected before the war. You can imagine the added numbers to the 60,000 if evacuation had not taken place. Hitler believed in very extreme politics and would go to any lengths to win the war. He thought that if Britain sustained heavy civilian casualties then eventually she would submit. This made civilians more legitimate targets, especially children who could not fend for themselves. If Hitler caused enough children to die then Britain would suffer a great emotional blow and the country's morale would be severely damaged. Britain needed to evacuate her children to give the civilians piece of mind so the war effort could run more smoothly. ...read more.

Conclusion

By Christmas 1939 half of the evacuees had returned home. By May 1940 Hitler was ready to launch a full scale attack on Britain and the "Blitz" had started on the 9th of May 1940 with an air raid on Cantebury. Evacuation was quickly reintroduced a lot quicker than in 1939 when they saw the devastation Germany could cause to Britain's cities. Evacuation was introduced for a great range of different reasons from not as important reasons such as making sure education ran smoothly to keeping the children and the future of Britain away from danger. I think this was the most important reason for evacuation because if there were many child casualties then the public's morale would have been lowered. But knowing there children are safe in the countryside puts the parents minds at ease so they can concentrate fully on winning the war and stopping the killing all together. Alex Arkley 11.30 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Evacuation in Britain during the Second World War

    and deprived - "There were reports of children 'fouling' gardens, hair crawling with lice, and bed wetting." it explains Miss Evans' reaction to the children not having slippers in Source G, from what she had heard of evacuees, they were often similar to those in Source A.

  2. Discuss the impact of the Second World War on Britain.

    Propaganda was efficient in Britain to help develop national unity. The was some official and some unofficial propaganda. The radio was used a lot and the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) was very trusted. The Government broadcasted propaganda, very different to the Hitler's or Stalin's, the British propaganda was quite calm but serious.

  1. Evacuation in Britain during World War II

    one because there are to many questions to be answered about it, and is not a complete point of view. The evacuees often changed the hosts lives for the better. As you can see from source 14 the lady tells us that the people staying with not only make the dreary war tolerable but often make it enjoyable.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in ...

    Several Chinese cities had been terrorised, forcing China to give in. This links with the inevitable air attacks in World War Two because it showed Britain how bad these air attacks could get. This was an important cause because the government then feared invasion even more and wanted to protect the children living in the cities.

  1. Evacuation Of British School Children In World War 2.

    Sir John Anderson was put in charge of the evacuation scheme. The first six months of the war were known as "the phoney war" this was because none of the expected air raids took place. Many people returned home at this time as it was around Christmas and they wanted to spend it with their families.

  2. What was the extent of change in the role of the UK government in ...

    Initially the government had several aims: secure public safety, defend the country, maintain essential supplies and services and ultimately, win. In order to organise the masses, several new ministries within the coalition government were set up: home security, information, shipping, economic warfare and food.

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    German Stuka bombers would bomb a civilian population, causing mass havoc and chaos. Whilst the civilians would try and flee the city, the German army would enter, causing mayhem as civilians tried to get out and the army tried to get in.

  2. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    After the failure of Appeasement, they had to convince people to put their faith back in the government. To do this, they began a large scale campaign for evacuation, 'Operation Pied Piper', to show how serious they were. 'Operation Pied Piper' was the large and complex process of moving as many children as possible into the countryside.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work