• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in the early years if ww2?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the British government evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years if ww2? In 1939 the British government decided to evacuate children from the major cities. On the first of September the evacuation began. It was called 'Operation Pied Piper'. A main reason for evacuation was because the government knew that the war would be a 'total war' and there had been a major advance in air technology bringing bombing to the major cities which would kill in huge numbers. To prevent this from harming young innocent children they moved them out of the way to the countryside with villagers known as hosts. The evacuation process was voluntary and 1.5 million children were evacuated (c735, 000 of which were travelling alone). Evacuations were for children school aged. They went with friends and siblings, their mothers or other responsible persons accompanied children under the school age, expectant mothers and disabled people were also evacuated. The country was divided into three different types of zones; first being 'evacuation areas' in which were expected to be heavily bombed, second was 'reception area' which were mainly countryside areas safe from bombing, the third zone was the 'neutral area' which could suffer light attacks. Evacuees were sent to the 'Reception areas' of Britain as they were thought to be safe from bombings. Another important, long term reason for evacuation was the legacy of the first world war. ...read more.

Middle

In addition, buildings that were damaged included a school containing young children and a hospital containing wounded of the civil war. This showed Hitler's ruthlessness in foreign policy and disregard for civilian life. This made it apparent to the British government that the need to protect civilians, particularly children, was great. The Bombings at Shanghai were also public so that everyone could see the devastation caused by air. The complete destruction of the town showed the advance in plane technology and showed how easy it was to strike on the innocent unknowing public. This scared the British as they saw many disturbing sights from what's left after the attack such as the photograph of a poor baby sitting on the train track after the attack, injured, dirty and crying*. The attacks were on very populated areas such as the train station, it killed tens of thousands of people in a few minutes, this showed how little time they would have to escape and what would happen to them, their homes and most of all there children. The government created a film convincing parents to evacuate their children this piece of propaganda was called 'westward ho' it was made by the bbc in 1939, this film showed evacuation as a fun and exciting time for children, this made the parents feel less anxious and more happy about evacuation the film made everything look joyful and thrilling, it didn't show children crying or being upset (which they were bound to do as they were leaving their parents for the first time and they didn't know when they would be back). ...read more.

Conclusion

Finally, the trigger cause for evacuation was the Munich Agreement (in hindsight sometimes known as the Munich Crisis). Although Chamberlain claimed that there would be 'Peace in our time', evacuation plans were set in motion immediately after Chamberlain returned to Britain. This may have been because the British government realised their policy of appeasement had failed, and that war was inevitable. Soon after, this was proved to be the right decision as Germany invaded Poland and Britain declared war on them. In conclusion, there were several long and short-term causes of evacuation. The main reason the government evacuated children from the major cities in the early years of ww2 is because of the public fear, the fear of being bombed without any warning like in Guernica and Shanghai; they were not prepared and had no warning and as a result many died including children. They saw the public display of destruction in the towns and they didn't want it to happen to them. The government created the propaganda film to encourage the process which worked but they could of made it compulsory for all as some of the children who didn't died as a result. The evacuation saved many lives and worked, but it had difficulties such as some children didn't get on with their parents when they returned, they lost their parents, hosts treated their evacuee badly, some hosts didn't get on with the evacuee's mothers, but only a few people went home due to this. The majority stayed and had a good time during their stay, and evacuation saved potentially thousands of children. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. How important were Haig's tactics in bringing an end to WW1?

    The firm stand taken by the United States forced Germany to modify its method of submarine warfare to the satisfaction of the American government. In March 1916, however, the German sinking in the English Channel by submarine of the French steamer Sussex, with the loss of American lives, led to

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in ...

    Also a lot of people in built up areas lived in terraced housing or flats and didn't have a garden to build shelters in. Evacuating the children of Britain to safer parts of the country would be a more likely way of protecting them from both the bombing and the horrifying scenes of bombing.

  1. Evacuation Of British School Children In World War 2.

    At the time of the war, People in the countryside had the view that people living in towns were poor. This is reflected on in this source because Miss Evans thinks the children don't have any slippers with them because they don't own any, it is actually because they didn't have room to pack any.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    So if children were evacuated to safer places, other families would care for them and the mothers would be able to concentrate on their jobs. The other reason was that the men fighting in the war would include fathers and they would be disheartened if they heard news of injury, or even death, of their loved ones.

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    Finally, the largest scheme of all: evacuation. The plan was to move all of Britain's vulnerable citizens from the densely packed areas that were likely to be bombed into the countryside which was less prone to be bombarded because there were fewer people.

  2. Analysis of sources describing the changes brought about by evacuating children in WW2.

    The evacuees were not the only people affected by evacuation, and not all of them were treated badly by host families like Mrs. Beryl Preedy in Source A4. Source A8 was taken from a BBC radio journalist in September 1939.

  1. How much did the CID improve investigative policing in the years 1880-1950?

    The CID was trying to identify blood, but as there was a lack of technology they were unable to correctly recognize the blood, so they had relied on animals. ?Not knowing that the useless animals, Imposed on the CID by the baying press, had long since-been sent back to their owner?.(9)

  2. Why did Chamberlain follow a policy of appeasement?

    Chamberlain was a politician and so he has to take into consideration public opinion and what the consequences would be for them if he didn?t follow appeasement. It would have been very scary to even consider doing anything but appeasement.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work