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Why did the Cold War end?

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Introduction

Why did the Cold War end? The Cold War took many twists and turns during the time it went on for, but the ending took many mad twists on both sides. D�tente saw the two superpowers meet and discuss peacefully for the first time in years, especially after the hostility of the Cuban Missile Crisis. After D�tente, things really took a good turn as neither side wanted a nuclear war, and Cuba came close! The end of the Cold War is broken in to three main sections. The failure of Communism is obviously a main part as it is one of the Superpowers. After the Cuban Missile Crisis, it was made out that the USSR had backed down, and Khrushchev resigned. After Khrushchev followed a series of terrible leaders. This really affected the end of the Cold War, as the Communism side couldn't function with an incompetent leader. ...read more.

Middle

Brezhnev however, did play a part in D�tente, but SALT 2 was never ratified, as, or Christmas day 1979, Brezhnev invaded Afghanistan. This really tore Communism apart as all trading and meeting with the USA ended, meaning SALT 2 was never ratified. The USA also played a part in the end of the Cold War, with their movie star president, Ronald Reagan recently elected and already a hater of Communism, the Cold War was expected to start again, even with Russia in just an economic danger zone. This period is referred to as the 2nd Cold War, and it played a big part in the end of the main Cold War. Ronald Reagan had a very aggressive tone towards the USSR, refusing to even trade with them, which would really damage the USSR in the disaster Brezhnev managed to place it in. Andropov took over Brezhnev, and although he was not as stupid of a leader as Brezhnev, he was never the best, as a war of words started between him and Reagan, Andropov comparing Reagan to Hitler and even Darth Vader! ...read more.

Conclusion

He introduced two new things to the USSR, Perestroika and Glasnot, these two things allowed people to run their own businesses, earning their own money and repairing the economy, slowly at first, but soon many shops and restaurants appeared. The second one, Glasnot allowed freedom to the people, a freedom of speech and people could not be arrested for having a "wrong" opinion. Gorbachev was very realistic, and even extremely friendly to the USA, throwing hostile Reagan off a little, but soon the two would be working togetherto bring the INF treaty, a treaty that said both sides would dismantle nuclear weapons and soon end the cold war. In conclusion, I think Gorbachev made the biggest contribution and was the reason for the end of the Cold War. Gorbachev really got the USSR's economy going again, and with a Communist hater like Reagan, someone who kept building weapons may have even caused a war. So, in my opinion, although he was not well liked by his country at the time, I think Gorbachev ended the Cold War and avoided what may have been an inevitable war. ...read more.

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