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Why did the Cuban Missile Crisis not end in war between the United States and the Soviet Union?

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Introduction

Why did the Cuban Missile Crisis not end in war between the United States and the Soviet Union? The Cuban Missile crisis is the closest the U.S.A and the Soviet Union have ever got to nuclear war. Through diplomacy, compromise and strong nerves a nuclear holocaust was saved. The leadership of both Kennedy and Khrushchev had a huge impact on the choices that were made and the way the crisis was resolved. Both John F Kennedy and Khrushchev were determined to not allow this crisis to deteriorate into all out nuclear war. This attitude opened the door for negotiation and the necessary compromises. Both leaders were also determined to appear strong and in control of events. Saving face was vital to the conflict between the two nations. Cuba had been an American satellite since 1898. Prior to Fidel Castro's revolution in 1959 the US supported Fulgencio. ...read more.

Middle

Castro was sure an attack on Cuba was imminent. He turned to the USSR for assistance. Because of Kennedy's hard line approach he turned a Cuban nationalist into a communist and soviet allie. I believe America's policy towards Cuba caused the Cuban Missile crisis. Kennedy was a young president. He was popular and appealed to the younger generation. He was a Democrat. Khrushchev was an old Communist who had been an adviser to Stalin. During World War ll he led the NVDK in Starlingrad as well as in the Ukraine. As Premier of the USSR he had travelled and met Kennedy in the Vienna conference. Both men had very different history and views of the world. When the CIA revelled to Kennedy the U2 photographs of soviet medium and short-range missiles in Cuba he had a range of options. Tactical airs strikes perhaps in combination with a ground invasion, diplomatic options or a blockade. ...read more.

Conclusion

He had already backed down to America over Berlin in 1961. This crisis was his chance to rectify the missile gap and pay the US back for Berlin. It is hard to say which leader and government did the most to end the crisis. Kennedy chose a blockade as opposed to direct military action and Khrushchev turned this ships round at the very height of the conflict and came to Kennedy with an agreement that would end the crisis. Both leaders stood firm against military options that would have ended in nuclear war. There for I believe both leaders are responsible for breaking the dead lock and bring them selves back from the brink of war. Believe the biggest factor in bringing the USSR and the USA back from the brink of nuclear war was an overriding belief that an attack by ether country would result in complete destruction for both. The first leader to launch a nuclear missile would go down in history as the man who started nuclear war. Neither leader would want that by their name. ...read more.

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