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Why did the Holocaust Happen?

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Nazi Germany Coursework (2) Why did the Holocaust Happen? 1. The Nazis despised the Jews; propaganda which aimed to spread anti-Semitic ideas was put up everywhere. Source 1 is an example of this propaganda and its aims was to make the Jewish race appear repulsive. It does this by making the Jews appearing in the picture wear filthy aprons, have exaggerated facial features, and look disgusting and ugly (fat, dirty). The idea of this was to make the Jews look repulsive and make pure Germans stay away from them and their shops. Another aim of this cartoon was to make the Jews seem untrustworthy. The cartoon achieves this by showing the Jews to be doing terrible things. The male Jew is mincing a rat under a sign which says cheap minced meat. This would increase the idea in German minds that Jews were money grabbing and untrustworthy and may stop them shopping in Jewish stores. The message of this cartoon is that Jews are untrustworthy, money grabbing, repulsive vermin! 2. Source 2 and 3 are both written by anti-Semitic German leaders and both portray similar beliefs. However, I would say that source 3, the account by Adolf Hitler is more useful in explaining the causes of anti-Semitism in Nazi Germany than source 2. The reason for this is that source 2, the account by Martin Luther was written in 1543, therefore would have very little effect on the German people's views in the early 1900s. An account by the German Leader of the time Adolf Hitler would be fresh in the people's minds and would have been read by many more people. ...read more.


Source 10 goes on to explain that gas was used to kill the Jews and large German chemical companies battled for the contracts to make it. However, neither of the sources actually goes into detail about how the Jews were to be killed. Source 9 contains no specific information, and source 10 only says that the Nazis used gas. For this reason neither of the sources goes very far in explaining how the Jewish Question was to be solved, but source 10 does contain a lot more relevant information than source 9. 6. Source 11 and 12 are from different sides of the war. On the one side is source 11 which explains why the British and Americans did nothing to prevent the Holocaust, and on the other is a high ranked Nazi. Source 11 states that the British and Americans did nothing because it was a risk for the military involved. Also nothing was done because many other things were happening at the times which were more important concerning winning the war. Perhaps the most important reason for doing nothing was that the holocaust was only a roomer, and it seemed almost too terrible to be true for someone outside Germany. Source 12 was written by Albert Speer, Hitler's armaments minister and leading architect. He believes that so little was done to help the Jews because people who knew about the holocaust, or had the capability to work out what was happening (such as himself) refused to do so. By not really coming to terms with what was happening or by refusing to believe what was happening, people such as himself could live guilt free. ...read more.


After doing this work, I have noticed that the Holocaust would not have happened if Hitler had not hated the Jews so much, but this was not the reason why it happened. Hitler did not plan to have 6,000,000 Jew killed from the start, due to events often beyond his control the Holocaust became inevitable. In conclusion, I think that the holocaust happened because of Hitlers anti-Semitic beliefs. However Hitler and his beliefs are not entirely to blame or are they sole reason for why the Holocaust happened. Without the general population's anti-Semitic beliefs, Hitler would not have been able to treat the Jews so badly. I think that if people did not agree with what Hitler was doing, at least on some level, it would not and could not possibly have happened. However I also believe that these anti-Semitic beliefs would have laid dormant in peoples minds if they did not have a leader such as Hitler who made it ok to be racist, even encouraged you to be so. Therefore, it was Hitler's deep seated hatred of the Jews that in turn led to the Holocaust, but you can't entirely blame Hitler. For an example, if Germany had not invaded Russia, it is unlikely that the Holocaust would have happened as there would have been less Jews under German command, therefore less of a so called "Jewish problem". The holocaust happened for reasons Hitler caused, however some of these causes were not based on his anti-Semitic beliefs, therefore it happened due to more than his deep seated hatred of the Jews, as suggested in the question. James Cockerill 11-O. ...read more.

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