• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Night of the Long Knives take place?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain why the 'Night of the Long Knives' took place in June 1934. On the night of the 29th June 1934, Hitler eliminated the SA, a strong political and military force. He did this by commanding the murder of significant leaders such as R(hm, Scheicher, Strasser, Von Kahr and many more. It has been calculated that more than 200 Nazis were murdered that night, of which included 50 SA leaders. There were several significant reasons behind Hitler's plot to exterminate the SA, which included the ideology of the SA, the power struggle between the army and the SA, Hitler's fear of R(hm overthrowing him and finally because Hitler required the help of the elites to establish a dictatorship. Of these reasons, I feel that the power struggle between the SA and the army was the most critical. One reason why the Night of the Long Knives took place was due to the ideology of the SA. The SA was promoted as being rather more left wing than what Hitler had intended. The major goal of the SA as a political and military movement was the idea of a 'Second Revolution.' This was a set of radical and liberal reforms of the SA, which were verging on socialism. ...read more.

Middle

As a result of this, it was obvious that the extermination of the SA would be at interest and therefore the 'Night of the Long Knives' occurred. To conclude, there were several factors which led to the incident of the 'Night of the Long Knives' in June 1934. These were, the ideology of the SA, the power struggle between the army and the SA, Hitler's fear of R(hm overthrowing him and finally because Hitler required the help of the elites to establish a dictatorship. Of these reasons, I feel that the power struggle between the SA and the army was the most significant as this was the source of the problems for Hitler. It was this conflict between the ideology of the SA and the rest of the Nazi party which created tension among the army and also the elites, who were a very influential group to Hitler as he relied greatly on them. Explain why the 'Night of the Long Knives' helped Hitler establish a dictatorship in Germany. The 'Night of the Long Knives' took place in June 1934 with the intention of eliminating the group of socialistic Nazis, known as the SA. ...read more.

Conclusion

the offices of chancery and presidency together and claim himself to be 'F(hrer' as their was no one else to oppose him. To conclude, the 'Night of the Long Knives' helped Hitler to establish his dictatorship for several reasons; it made the army loyal, it won the support of the elites, put the SA under the control of Hitler and finally eliminated the last of the opposition against Hitler's ideology. Of these reasons, I believe that the most significant outcome of the 'Night of the Long Knives' which helped to establish Hitler's dictatorship was that it gained the support from the elites. The elites' power and wealth was a necessity in order for Hitler to succeed. The most powerful of the elites, President Hindenburg was the only man who could help Hitler achieve the power he desired and therefore by gaining his support and trust, he was able to eventually gain full control over Germany. Furthermore, the elites controlled the army and therefore if Hitler gained the trust and support of the elites, it would be far easier for him to make the army loyal to him as they were a very powerful organisation and potentially a significant threat to him. ?? ?? ?? ?? Christopher Gale 6CDL ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How significant was The Night of the Long Knives in the establishment of the ...

    opponents such as one the Stasser brothers who was the head of the socialist wing of the party, Schleicher, who was the Chancellor before Hitler and Kahr who had put down Hitler's Munich Putsch in 1923 despite now being a frail old man.

  2. How did Hitler establish a dictatorship?

    Hindenburg and Vice-Chancellor Papen who were dining at a club facing the building. Papen put the elderly Hindenburg in his own car and took him to the scene. Hitler was at Goebbels' apartment having dinner. They rushed to the scene where they met G�ring who was already screaming false charges and making threats against the Communists.

  1. Were the events which took place during the Night of the Long Knives (June ...

    His high position in the NSDAP hierarchy, and Hitler's liking of R�hm allowed R�hm to be one of the few who openly criticized Hitler. R�hm repeatedly called for a second revolution, as he believed that the second revolution had yet to take place.

  2. Why And How Did Evacuation Take Place?

    This source is an extract from Bernard Kops autobiography. It was made by Bernard Kops in 1963 this might mean it is reliable because Bernard Kops experience was good and he might want to keep remembering his experience. On the other hand it might not be useful because he only writes about how the house was and not how the family was.

  1. Night Of The Long Knives

    Since 1920 the SA had occupied a sub-ordinate role to the Nazi organisation, however Rohm had always thought of the SA as a far more important asset to the party. Hitler needed to sort out this disagreement before it got out of hand.

  2. Did Hitler succeed in creating a Volksgemeinschaft?

    The ideology was that they should be good mothers and bring up the children in a loving Nazi household while their husbands worked. Outside of certain specialist fields e.g. nursing, Hitler saw no reason why a woman should work. Her "World is her husband, her family, her children and her home".

  1. adolf hitler

    For the first few months Hitler appeared nervous and spoke haltingly. Slowly he would begin to relax and his style of delivery would change. He would start to rock from side to side and begin to gesticulate with his hands.

  2. How far do you agree that the most important step in creating Hitlers dictatorship ...

    Therefore, Hitler set out to murder 400 of these men, who were influential. This also, in turn made Hitler appear ruthless and become more feared among other Nazi. So overall, the ?Night of the Long Knives? was an important step in creating Hitler?s dictatorship because it added security to Hitler's position ? it rid Hitler of all his political opponents.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work