• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did WW1 break out?

Extracts from this document...


Asha Samrai History 'Dry Run' WW1 Coursework Essay Why did WW1 break out? 1. War broke out as a result of a combination of short and long term factors. The system of alliances contributed to the outbreak of war as this caused tension between the countries and everyone became suspicious of everyone else. The triple alliance consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy, and the triple Entente consisted of Britain, France and Russia. There was a lot of mistrust between the alliances and if say Russia and Britain were to fall out, then all of the countries would be involved. The Moroccan crises played an important role to the cause of World War One as the alliance between Britain and France was strengthened, which threatened the Kaiser and his plans as he didn't expect Britain to take France's side over Morocco. They made it very difficult for Germany to climb down in any future crisis. ...read more.


By the third of August Germany had declared war on Russia and now on France, and now had invaded Belgium. Under the 1839 Treaty of London, Britain had promised to 'guarantee Belgium's neutrality.' On 4th August Britain declared war on Germany. Two days later Austria declared war on Russia and then Britain and France declared war on Austria on the 16th of August. The reason that war broke loose was due to the alliances (the Triple alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy, and the triple Entente alliance of Britain, France and Russia). When Austria-Hungary and Serbia had fallen out, both Germany and Russia were pulled in, shortly followed by Britain and France. So when two countries from the alliances fell out, all of the other countries were involved and so by August 1914 all major European powers except Italy had become involved. 3. The tension in the Balkans and the arms race were both significant factors which led to the outbreak of World War One. ...read more.


There was a lot of mistrust between the alliances as when Germany was re-arming the surrounding counties felt threatened by this and so they began to re-arm producing more tension and more of a probability of a world war. Another significant cause of the war is the July crisis as this was when trust between the alliances fell apart due to Germany's desire of greater power and international influence. Everybody had declared war on everybody else as nobody trusted anyone (except their allies), yet this is not as important as the Balkans because this was a short term affect and if it wasn't for all the other factors that contributed to the outbreak of war, then there would have been at least some trust between the alliances and peace may have been achieved. Therefore it wasn't just one factor that contributed to the outbreak of war but a number of them put together that broke down the relationships between the countries and separated them into alliances that would eventually fall out and lead to a world war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. What where the causes of WW1

    On the fourth of November 1898 Marchand despite the public outcry received instruction to withdraw. In March 1899 the French and British agreed that the source of the Nile and the Congo rivers should mark the frontier between their spheres of influence.

  2. Explain why events in the Balkans contributed to the growth of international tension in ...

    to pursue, thus allowing Austria - Hungary to be more assertive against Serbia, knowing they had German support. Serbian ties with Russia meant that they immediately mobilized their troops, followed by every member of each alliance declaring war on each other, resulting in full on European War.

  1. Describe the short term causes of WW1.

    In 1908 there was an uprising in the Ottomans in which the Turks overthrew the Sultan and modernised Turkey. The Hasburg family were shocked when they heard this, if the Ottomans became strong once again, they would take back Bosnia-Herzegovina from Austria-Hungary, even though it was still technically the Ottomans and they had asked for Austria-Hungary to only 'administrate' it.

  2. Cause Behind WW1

    which translated means "Sophie Dearest, don't die, stay alive for our children!" to which his voice became a slow rattle, he finally died after repeating those words six or seven times. The unfortunate and saddening fact of this incident, the Archduke was not the intended target, General Potiorek was the

  1. Why did WW1 break out in 1914?

    The countries involved in World War One were Austria?Hungary, Germany, Britain, Italy, Russia and France. When Archduke Franz Ferdinard and his wife got shot by Gavrilo Princip, in revenge Austria-Hungary, backed by Germany, declared war on Serbia.

  2. Outline the Role and Effects of Alliances in WW1

    Consequently Britain also began expanding and built the HMS Dreadnought, a revolutionary ship at the time. This competition for the finest weaponry was triggered by the Alliances. It was billed the Arms race and worsened tensions between Britain and Germany.

  1. Describe the Causes of WW1

    Franz Ferdinand, the emperor of Austria-Hungary, and his wife decided to go visit Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, to go and inspect the Austria-Hungarian troops. A Serbian terrorist group called th Black Hand had decided that Franz Ferdinand had to die.

  2. History Revision notes - International Relations: Why did WW2 break out? 1929-1939

    Furthermore, in September 1935, a speech was made by British foreign secretary, Sir Samuel Hoare, to the assembly of the League calling for collective resistance to Italian aggression. However, this seems to have made little difference to events. In October 1935, the Italian forces invaded Abyssinia.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work