• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of children?

Extracts from this document...


Question 2 a: Why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of children? Explain your answer using the sourses and knowledge from your studies. In considering why the sources A to F differ in their attitudes to evacuation of children, it is necessary to examine the origin of the sources and the situation that faced the country in 1939/40. The evacuation of Britain's cities at the start of World War Two was the biggest and most concentrated mass movement of people in Britain's history. In the first four days of September 1939, nearly 3,000,000 people were transported from towns and cities in danger from enemy bombers to places of safety in the countryside in operation "Pied Piper." Most were schoolchildren, who had been labelled like pieces of luggage, separated from their parents and accompanied instead by a small army of guardians - 100,000 teachers. By any measure it was an astonishing event, a logistical nightmare of co-ordination and control beginning with the terse order to 'Evacuate forthwith,' issued at 11.07am on Thursday, 31 August 1939. ...read more.


In the first place, the estimates of casualties were grossly over-exaggerated and the subsequent Government propaganda caused near panic rather than controlled movement. In addition, the man in charge of evacuation, Sir John Anderson, was a cold, inhuman character with little understanding of the emotional upheaval that might be created by evacuation More critical sources such as the 1987 film by John Borman "Hope and Glory" and recent evacuee memoirs such as those on the BBC history website paint a very different picture from sources B and D. They describe a typically British wartime shambles. Hundreds of children arrived in the wrong area with insufficient rations and, more worryingly, there were not enough homes in which to put them. Twelve months earlier, the Government had surveyed available housing, but what they had not taken into account was the extent to which middle-class and well-to-do families would be making their own private arrangements. Consequently, those households who had previously offered to take in evacuees were now full. Keeping control of the whole thing became a joyless task. ...read more.


Mass observation according to Mr Stonier quoted in a George Orwell (1947) Tribune article "Would have elephant ears, a loping walk and a permanent sore eye from looking through key holes." This can account for the hostility which some conservative views had about mass observation. The statements in an interview in May 1940 are directly opposite to the government propaganda at the time with the fathers reply to questions suggesting that he had little faith in the government's policy of evacuation. "I'm not letting him go. They can't be looked after where they are sending them." The clear differences in source E and D show the concern with which many ordinary parents viewed operation pied piper. In conclusion the range of sources used reflects the intentions of the authors. Sources A and D reflect the government view. Sources B and C give a more personal interpretation of historical events. The Bristol evacuee memories and the film "Hope and Glory" giving a raw view of historical reality and standing apart from all the other sources is the seemingly modern interview with a parent which is the closest to a modern "2003" way of examining the situation. 971 words. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. womens crsk history

    From my own knowledge, I know the Suffragettes had joined two years before 1905, but were unheard of until 1905. By looking at Source C, we know at once that it was used as propaganda. This is due to the fact that it has an irresponsible woman as a stereotypical

  2. Why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of ...

    The interviewer might have wanted a negative opinion for a reason of their own. For example, they might already have negative views of evacuation. Also, we cannot tell the particular point of the war the teacher was describing. It is possible that by the time of the second evacuation, the

  1. Free essay

    why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of ...

    This is supported by the fact that we know many of the parents did not want to be separated from their children and sign up for the evacuation process. I therefore think that this source is reliable, because although it contradicts some of the knowledge from my studies, it also supports the main component of the photo.

  2. Haig in sources

    However Source I shows us images from the trenches but nothing showing no-mans-land on the first day of the Somme.

  1. Why do sources A-F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of children

    He doesn't actually know where the children are being sent but thinks that if his son is sent to "The Shires. Wales and the West" he won't be properly looked after because "they were starving there before the war." The interview was taken after seven months of the phoney war

  2. You have been commissioned to undertake research into attitudes toward the Good Friday Agreement ...

    The majority of those voting no to the agreement fell into the �3,000 - �3,999 bracket with 19.4% and those with a household income of less than �3,000 per annum were those least likely to vote - 48%. The results for how respondents would vote in another referendum are very

  1. World War Two Evacuation Sources Questions

    Also from previous evacuation studies I believe that the adults are more likely to be teachers as the group look as though they are assembled in a class.

  2. Jarrow: questions 3, 4 and 5 (sources)

    This is because it is a report from the Jarrow public health committee so therefore it would just be based on the health of the people in Jarrow-but health can be caused by many things and not just because of the great depression.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work