• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why has there been conflict between Israel and her Arab neighbours since 1973?

Extracts from this document...


Why has there been conflict between Israel and her Arab neighbours since 1973? There are a number of key reasons for why there has been conflict between Israel and her Arab neighbours, especially the Palestinians, since 1973. One key reason is to do with Israel and the Arabs disputing who owns the land of Israel. This has led to conflict because both feel they have a claim to it. Originally Israel was called Palestine and was inhabited mainly by Jews. They believe that God gave the land to them. When the Romans conquered Palestine, the Jews were forced to leave and fled to different destinations across the globe. However Jews felt unwelcome in these other countries and faced constant persecution. In 1897 the Jews demanded their own state in part of Palestine, their original homeland, however this was now occupied by Palestinian Arabs. Jews began to emigrate to Palestine. The Holocaust increased the demand for an independent Jewish state, when 6 million Jews were killed. The United Nations decided to partition Palestine creating one Jewish state and one Palestinian state; but Palestinians didn't agree with this. They believed it wasn't fair as their state was smaller, even though they made up the majority of the population, and believed that their fellow Arab countries could easily defeat a future Jewish state. ...read more.


On the 19th of August 2003, a suicide bomber killed 22 civillians on a Jerusalem bus, 130 passengers and passers-by injured. Israelis responded to these attacks. In July 2002, Israel F16 aircraft dropped a 1-ton bomb on the apartment of Hamas' military leader in the West Bank blowing him and sixteen civilians to smithereens including 9 children.In March 2004, Israeli helicopter gun ships assassinated the founder and spiritual leader of Hamas, Sheikh Yassin. He was a cleric and wheelchair bound paraplegic. In April 2004 the Hamas Israeli forces assassinated leader in Gaza. Another problem with the Occupied territories is the water. The West Bank held key underground water sources meaning that over 80% of Israel's water comes from the West Bank. If they gave up the West Bank there would be a serious water shortage in Israel and they would have to look elsewhere for water or leave. Jerusalem is another area of conflict between the Israelis and Palestinians. It is the holy city for both Muslims and Jews. For Muslims, it was visited by the Prophet Muhammad and for Jews it was King David's City. Neither Jew nor Muslim can accept the other ruling it, which means there is constant conflict over it. Palestinians and other Arabs want Jerusalem to become the capital of a new Palestine however it is doubtful that Israel will ever accept this. ...read more.


The three main goals were the eradication of what it viewed as Western colonialism in Lebanon, the bringing to justice of those who committed atrocities during the war, and establishing an Islamic government in Lebanon. Hezbollah has popular support in Shi'a Lebanese society and has organised demonstrations of hundreds of thousands. Hezbollah also receives arms, training, and financial support from Iran. Hezbollah, which started only with a militia, has grown to an organization which has seats in the Lebanese government, a radio and a satellite television station, and programs for social development. Because of the lack of communication between these to groups and the refusal to cooperate this contributes to preventing peace between the Arabs and Israelis. To conclude, the major reason for why there is conflict and attempts to develop a peace process since 1993 is Israel's refusal to give back the occupied territory that isn't rightfully theirs in the first place, even though they need it for a comfortable living. However if they could survive without it for years before why do they need it all of a sudden. I also believe that if the state of Israel had never been created then the situation would not be as bad as it is now. I think that they could have both coexisted in Palestine peacefully if the Jews had never decided to take over as I think it was unfair of them to force the Palestinians to leave their homes. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. There has been a significant Palestinian refugee problem for the last fifty years. Do ...

    is "historically incorrect" As both sources are biased against each other, and they do not agree with one another, these sources are not reliable and so cannot be used to make a conclusion on the cause of the refugee problems.

  2. How did the Village of Deir Yassin come to be Fought Over in 1948 ...

    the Israelis and the Arabs of which the most famous is the Deir Yassin massacre. There are many disputes about what happened during the massacre as Jewish and Arabic forces continue to blame each other. Deir Yassin was a small village located on the road to Jerusalem, and in April

  1. Arab Israeli Conflict

    And then in 1947 a huge decision by the UN meant the Jews would get back their own state. After their regaining of the land there were several wars. This was because of the fact the Arabs and the Jews hated one another and therefore there was rivalry.

  2. Isolation and Lack of Love in I'm the King of the Castle

    She asks Charles to "tell Mummy" if something is wrong, to make herself feel as though she has tried her best to connect with him, but calls him "wicked" and "naughty" when he does. Motherhood obviously doesn't come naturally to her, and while she tells herself that all the moving

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Describe one decision made about nuclear weapons in the INF Treaty in 1987 (2 marks) The USA and USSR signed the INF Treaty to remove all medium ranged intermediate missiles from Europe. This meant that the two countries could not attack with their nuclear bombs from such a close range

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    October - If Soviet ships entered this zone immediate action would be taken - 10.25am ships turned away - Kennedy received two messages from Khrushchev - first agreed to destruction of missile bases if US would not invade cuba in future - second demanded USA also withdrew missiles from Turkey

  1. In what ways did relations between Israel and its Arab neighbours change between 1948 ...

    The Six day war of 1967 occurred arguably as a direct consequence to the Suez Sinai conflict although there were other factors. When UN peacekeeping troops were removed following the Suez crisis, Israel felt threatened and attacked. On the 5th of June, Israel launched a primitive strike destroying 90% of the Egyptian air force in six hours.

  2. What was the nature of the Apartheid State?

    Among the organisations that the ANC formed links with were those that were coloured and whites: some members of the ANC strongly opposed this. Therefore, therefore they set up Pan-Africanist Congress of Azania(PAC). This consists of former ANC members who disagreed with the freedom charters.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work