• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why is the Battleof the Sommeregarded as such a Great military tragedy?

Extracts from this document...


Why is the Battle of the Somme regarded as such a Great military tragedy? In this question I will answer why the Battle of the Somme in 1916 is regarded as such a great Military tragedy. Background Information The Battle of the Somme was regarded as such military tragedy due to many problems. These problems occurred in the operation that was supposed to ensure the British and French victory in World War One. Up until the First World War most military leaders believed that battles and wars weren't won by cavalry charges. The use of trenches made them realise that cavalry was no longer possible, in World War One as warfare changed completely. ...read more.


Therefore instead of the offensive becoming a joint offensive, it became largely a British attack, because the French backed out and the offensive was rushed forward to June. This was when things started to go wrong. The main aim of the Somme was to "kill as many Germans as possible" according to Rawlinson, one of the commanders of the fourth army. The British chief commander, General Haig knew they weren't getting anywhere. So he intended on achieving a break through on the German trenches. The Battle of the Somme began with a five day bombardment. General When Haig advanced his troops through "No mans land" the Germans only had to fire at the walking British soldiers. ...read more.


Haig's aim was to maintain "steady pressure on the Battle of the Somme." However the last chance of a break through came on the 15th of September 1916, when the British soldiers used tanks for the first time. These tanks were intended to protect the British from German gun-fire and allow the British to crush down the German's trench system. The Germans of course were taken by surprise by these tanks and retreated. The Germans were prepared to give up and let Britain have the title of victory. Then again the British were too slow to take advantage. As a result the Germans had ample of time to build up their own defences. Consequently by the end of the day all British tanks had broken down or were eliminated by the Germans. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Why is The Battle of the Somme regarded as such a great military tragedy?

    It seems he was filtering the report to make sure they heard what he wished them to hear, which is what they wanted to hear. In conclusion Haig's interpretation of the importance of the war is to some point correct.

  2. The first major German offensive occurred at Verdun.

    The difference in this source is that he actually admits that �It is true that the amount of ground we have gained is not great. That is nothing�, however he also says that �A considerable proportion of German soldiers are now practically broken men�� and that �The German casualties have been greater than ours�.

  1. The Battleof Somme

    The Germans, thinking that an attack was about to start, would then being flocking back to their trenches to set up their machine-guns. Another heavy barrage would then have caught the Germans out in the open. To rush or not to rush?

  2. Why is the Battle of the Somme regarded as such a great military tragedy?

    This made them an easy target for the German soldiers who were waiting for them with machine guns. This battle plan was not thought out thoroughly otherwise the British would have been more successful, Haig was too hopeful on one plan he was so sure it would work that he did not have a plan b.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work