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Why was Hitler able to dominate Germany by 1934?

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Introduction

Why was Hitler able to dominate Germany by 1934? Hitler was able to dominate Germany by 1934 because of many events that occurred between 1923 and 1934 which helped his rise to power. In 1919 Hitler became the leader of the German workers party. By 1920 it was renamed the Nazi party and Hitler was its leader. Hitler organised the party as a military group, in 1921 he set up a private army called the Sturm-Abteilung or the SA. They dressed in brown and were sometimes known as brown shirts. Most were young men and some where former members of friekorps. The SA was designed to intimidate and destroy opposition; their militaristic style gave emphasis on the party's discipline and reminded citizens of Germany's strong militaristic background in the hope of gaining support. On 9th November 1923 Germany was in chaos and Hitler allied with the former general ludendorf and attacked the government in Munich with all 300 members of his party. This rebellion is known as the Munich putsch, it was however crushed by those still loyal to the government and Hitler was sentenced to 8 months in Landsberg fortress. ...read more.

Middle

Then in 1929 two things happened which greatly helped the efforts of the Nazi party. Gustav Stresemann a leading politician who played a huge part in, and was largely responsible for the recovery of Germany died. Not long after that in October the Wall Street crash happened. The stock market crashed and the world entered a depression. Germany suffered greatly by this because this meant they had to immediately pay back the loan of 800 million gold marks. Germany again fell into a depression, businesses and industries closed down and left millions unemployed causing another period of chaos and instability in Germany. This left the Germans resenting their government and they started looking at the wing parties for support and political/economical stability. The working class who were mostly homeless, unemployed, poor and hungry had a choice whether to vote left wing (communists) or right wing (Nazis). The upper and middle classes had no choice. They feared the communist take over because communists said they would spread wealth equally and they didn't want that. So to stop the communists they voted Nazis. ...read more.

Conclusion

Just a month later on 27th February 1933 the Reichstag fire occurs and the police convict a young Communist for arson. Hitler took advantage of this and with Hindenburg's permission he imprisoned 1000 communist leaders and prosecuted many more for treason. With the communists now disbanded and outlawed Hitler faces little opposition, so he turns his gaze to the possible threats in his own party. In 1934 Hitler noticed the SA led by Ernst Rohm boasted 2.5 million members and was larger then the German army. Hitler knew they could become a problem because they disliked some members of his party. Deciding to act he called a meeting which was attended by about 200 SA leaders including Ernst Rohm and some other opponents of Hitler. They where all massacred. This became known as the "night of long knives". With most of his opponents taken care of and others terrified to act Hitler was also appointed president of Germany after the death of Hindenburg on 2nd august 1934, and achieved total power and control of Germany with which to start his campaign to instate the Aryan race as a higher level of humans. ?? ?? ?? ?? By Rizwan Ahmed Bhatti 10SD ...read more.

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