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Why was Prohibition Introduced In The U.S.A In 1919?

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Introduction

Why was Prohibition Introduced In The U.S.A In 1919? Prohibition was the ban of manufacture, sale or transportation of intoxicating liquors in the United States between 1920 and 1933. It was introduced in the U.S.A in 1919 due to many different reasons such as creating problems to the society. However, the issue of drinking and the alcoholic problems were raised long before 1919. They started in the middle of the 19th century when women opposed men drinking. The law against the sale and transportation of alcohol in America was passed by congress in 1917 due to the 18th amendment, which didn't take place until the midnight of January 16, 1920. Soon after the amendment was passed, the National Prohibition Act or the Volstead Act, which is named after Andrew J. Volstead (who introduced it) was put into effect in 1919. ...read more.

Middle

Some saloonkeeper enticed people to drink more alcohol by providing 'free lunches'. Some offered new patron free drinks and eventually this tactic extended to boys. Only spending a few cents on free drinks for boys was a good investment, the money would be amply covered, when the boys became habitual drinkers. They also engaged in sideline vices in order to make ends meet- gambling, cock fighting and prostitution. Most of the patrons were immigrants and unskilled industrial workers. They were very low-paid and often had big families to look after. But even so, they spent a lot of time in the saloons and wasting their money on alcohol or betting after working everyday. They frequently hit their wives and children after drinking and they couldn't afford to stabilise their family's needs. Youths did not have enough money to spend on alcohol. ...read more.

Conclusion

Howard Hyde Russell of Ohio, who had skilled leadership, the league became the most influential political pressure group of its day. National and state offices, with paid staff and thousands of motivated volunteers, brought out the vote and linked drys with elected officials. League speakers traversed the country, speaking in front of church, and business groups. National Prohibition loomed ever closer. By 1903, over a third of the nation (35 million people), lived under some type of prohibitory law. It rose to 46 million (about half of the populace), by 1913. Also, prohibition had won hundreds of small battles at the local and state levels. In 1916, after a tremendous push from all dry organisations, the general elections sent many League-endorsed candidates to Congress, that National Prohibition was assured. The 18th Amendment easily received congressional approval in December 1917. By January 1919, the 36 states had voted to ratify. No previous amendment had ever passed so quickly and so clear. The nation became constitutionally dry in January 1920. ...read more.

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