• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Prohibition Introduced In The U.S.A In 1919?

Extracts from this document...


Why was Prohibition Introduced In The U.S.A In 1919? Prohibition was the ban of manufacture, sale or transportation of intoxicating liquors in the United States between 1920 and 1933. It was introduced in the U.S.A in 1919 due to many different reasons such as creating problems to the society. However, the issue of drinking and the alcoholic problems were raised long before 1919. They started in the middle of the 19th century when women opposed men drinking. The law against the sale and transportation of alcohol in America was passed by congress in 1917 due to the 18th amendment, which didn't take place until the midnight of January 16, 1920. Soon after the amendment was passed, the National Prohibition Act or the Volstead Act, which is named after Andrew J. Volstead (who introduced it) was put into effect in 1919. ...read more.


Some saloonkeeper enticed people to drink more alcohol by providing 'free lunches'. Some offered new patron free drinks and eventually this tactic extended to boys. Only spending a few cents on free drinks for boys was a good investment, the money would be amply covered, when the boys became habitual drinkers. They also engaged in sideline vices in order to make ends meet- gambling, cock fighting and prostitution. Most of the patrons were immigrants and unskilled industrial workers. They were very low-paid and often had big families to look after. But even so, they spent a lot of time in the saloons and wasting their money on alcohol or betting after working everyday. They frequently hit their wives and children after drinking and they couldn't afford to stabilise their family's needs. Youths did not have enough money to spend on alcohol. ...read more.


Howard Hyde Russell of Ohio, who had skilled leadership, the league became the most influential political pressure group of its day. National and state offices, with paid staff and thousands of motivated volunteers, brought out the vote and linked drys with elected officials. League speakers traversed the country, speaking in front of church, and business groups. National Prohibition loomed ever closer. By 1903, over a third of the nation (35 million people), lived under some type of prohibitory law. It rose to 46 million (about half of the populace), by 1913. Also, prohibition had won hundreds of small battles at the local and state levels. In 1916, after a tremendous push from all dry organisations, the general elections sent many League-endorsed candidates to Congress, that National Prohibition was assured. The 18th Amendment easily received congressional approval in December 1917. By January 1919, the 36 states had voted to ratify. No previous amendment had ever passed so quickly and so clear. The nation became constitutionally dry in January 1920. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Why was prohibition introduced

    bad .Share prices hit rock bottom and the middle classes who had relied on their share dividends for their income suddenly found that all the stock they held was worthless and so they had no money. Investors desperately tried to sell any shares they held so the prices sank even lower.

  2. Why was Prohibition introduced into the USA in 1919?

    Henry Ford was a supporter of anti-drink - he wanted a new type of worker for his car factories: sober and industrious. His workers got their pay raised to $5 a week if they did not live riotously. Ford spoke out in support of the dry movement, and other such as Rochefeller (controller of US oil business)

  1. Economic Problems - What was the state of the coalfield 1919-39?

    Miners who had not been working for months or even years had a very hard time. Their children had a limited amount of money to spend on with clothes.

  2. The USA

    Unemployment rose rapidly, it reached up to 13 million in 1933 from 1.6 million in 1929. On 24 October 1929 which was known as the 'Black Thursday' was the day that the shares and prices dropped sharply. Even prices were in free fall, the market was still surrounded by panic selling, however no one bought any.

  1. Why was prohibition introduced in the USA in 1919?

    This backed a lot of votes from the 'drys' that were for the ban on alcohol, and so managed to elect a lot of 'dry' politicians. The anti saloon league was also joined by the women's temperance league (founded in 1893); both these societies were strong in religious supporters.

  2. There are many contributing factors to why prohibition was introduced on 16 January 1920. ...

    These lessons taught courses that were compelled by the WCTU to teach the children that drinking was evil and very bad for you. This was another way to get people not drinking. The WCTU taught young children not to drink, and it worked.


    Study Source E. Which of Sources C and D do you think Source E is most in agreement with? Explain your answer. Source E agrees with both Source C and D. The first part of it agrees with Source C and the second part agrees with Source D.

  2. USA: 1919 1941 Revision Notes

    wages & working conditions, its symbol was the blue eagle (set up by the NIRA) TVA: Tennessee Valley Authority, helping improve one of the poorest areas of the US by building dams and planting trees to prevent soil erosion, as well as setting up power stations, providing thousands of jobs

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work