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Why was prohibition introduced in the USA in 1920?

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Introduction

Prohibition Why was prohibition introduced in the USA in 1920? Prohibition is the legal ban of selling, buying, manufacturing, trading or transporting alcohol. In 1920, in the United States a prohibition law was introduced that was designed to reduce drinking by eliminating the businesses that manufactured, distributed and sold alcoholic drinks. The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution took away the license to do business from the brewers, distillers, vintners, and the wholesale and retail sellers of alcoholic drinks. There are a number of reasons why prohibition was banned in the US. Up to the 1920's, America was experiencing an economic boom. World War I provided a boost for America and there were plentiful supplies of raw materials and the policy of protection all helped to make it the richest country in the world. It was not surprising that millions of immigrants came to settle and restart their lives in this prosperous, 'perfect' country. America was seen as 'The land of opportunities', however, we now know that these things never last. The first wave of immigrants came from deprived poor backgrounds. ...read more.

Middle

She was successful in humiliating the men and forcing them to leave. Her actions led to saloons being shut down and this opened the doorway for other women to act against alcohol. This was the only way they could get involved with politics as they could not vote- they were considered stupid, uneducated and unable to decide what was best for their country. They were meant to stay at home and look after the family. In 1875, Frances Willard set up the W.C.T.U (Women's Christian Temperance Union). Her movement pushed the idea of banning alcohol to the public eye and into politics. She wrote to thousands of women all over the country persuading them to support prohibition and telling them how alcohol was the source of all America's problems. She said that alcohol was the cause of politics being run by drunks, child poverty, city slums, unemployment and poor conditions at work. Kansas became the first state to enforce prohibition. This influenced other parts of the country to consider the idea of prohibition A woman called Carrie Nation also supported prohibition and she came up with the 'hatchet campaign'. ...read more.

Conclusion

Businesses were attracted by the idea of a workforce free of alcohol that were sober and did not take time off work from hangovers. The anti-saloon league used propaganda to gain support for prohibition. They said that alcohol production was a waste of resources and time, when there was the war going on they should not use grain to make spirits. Also, they did not want the troops who are fighting for their country, to be drunk; they had to be ready to fight. Drinking was seen as unpatriotic and it could appear that you were supporting the Germans, as many of the brewers were German. It seemed that every problem America had could be traced back to alcohol. To be against prohibition was to say you were supporting unemployment, child poverty, urban slums and child abuse. It became popular not to drink but to look after your family and to work hard. In January 1920, the Volstead Act was passed: prohibition became the law all over America. The country had a year to get rid of all alcohol and for any brewers or distillers to sell up and find new jobs. Of course, not everyone agreed with this and America was soon to face the problems of prohibition. ...read more.

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