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Why Was There A Crisis In Cuba And How Was It Resolved?

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Introduction

Why was there a crisis in Cuba, and how was it resolved? For long, Cuba had been an ally of the west. The Americans owned most of the business there; they also owned a naval base in Cuba. However this all changed after a three year guerrilla campaign which eventually saw Batista overthrown and replaced by Fidel Castro. Within Cuba, Castro promoted communism and it eventually became a pro-communist state with its own "sphere of influence". Due to the circumstances, geographically and historically, it was always going to be a test for the American foreign policy of self containment. There were earlier attempts at self containment. For two years from 1959-1961, there was a certain degree of relationship between Castro and the US though it was an uncertain one. Castro took over the American owned businesses in Cuba, but he let the Americans keep the naval base. He assured Americans living in Cuba that they were safe and assured that he was simply trying to run Cuba without interference or without otherwise getting into any problems. This soon changed though when American spies learned that Cuba was receiving arms from the Soviet Union in the summer of 1960. ...read more.

Middle

Events took a worrying turn for the Americans next in what was known as the "October Crisis". This was the stage at which the Americans found out (by means of U-2 plane) that the Soviets had indeed been building nuclear missiles on Cuba. This crisis left Kennedy with five main options. Number one- he could do nothing. This could work in that the USA still had more missiles than the USSR and that there could be a mutual agreement between the two nations if the USA did not over react to the discovery of missiles on Cuba. On the contrary, the USSR had lied about Cuban missiles and to do nothing would be a sign of solemn weakness. His next option would be to order a surgical air attack. This would destroy the missiles before they were ready for use by the Soviets. However the destruction of the sites could not be guaranteed and the risk of a counter attack was too great. To attack without advance warning was also viewed upon as immoral. Kennedy's third option would be to launch an invasion. ...read more.

Conclusion

the Soviet Government has given a new order to dismantle the arms which you described as offensive and to crate and return them to the Soviet Union". The Cuban Missile Crisis was over. The Cuban Missile Crisis occurred because of the introduction of Fidel Castro and the Soviet influence to Cuba and the foreign policy of the Americans to get rid of it. There were a number of incidents which occurred such as the October Crisis and the Bay of Pigs Fiasco which fuelled tension on both sides whose trust of each other waned as the crisis developed. Originally it is fair to say that American Policy itself could have been responsible for the onset of the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Cuban Missile Crisis was finally resolved by a series of letters sent between Kennedy and Khrushchev who finally came to an understanding before the worst could happen... nuclear ware fare. One thing which would have been a main preventative of this was the fear of nuclear war fare, not just in the USA and the USSR but in the entire world over those two weeks in October, 1962. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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