• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Was There A Crisis In Cuba And How Was It Resolved?

Extracts from this document...


Why was there a crisis in Cuba, and how was it resolved? For long, Cuba had been an ally of the west. The Americans owned most of the business there; they also owned a naval base in Cuba. However this all changed after a three year guerrilla campaign which eventually saw Batista overthrown and replaced by Fidel Castro. Within Cuba, Castro promoted communism and it eventually became a pro-communist state with its own "sphere of influence". Due to the circumstances, geographically and historically, it was always going to be a test for the American foreign policy of self containment. There were earlier attempts at self containment. For two years from 1959-1961, there was a certain degree of relationship between Castro and the US though it was an uncertain one. Castro took over the American owned businesses in Cuba, but he let the Americans keep the naval base. He assured Americans living in Cuba that they were safe and assured that he was simply trying to run Cuba without interference or without otherwise getting into any problems. This soon changed though when American spies learned that Cuba was receiving arms from the Soviet Union in the summer of 1960. ...read more.


Events took a worrying turn for the Americans next in what was known as the "October Crisis". This was the stage at which the Americans found out (by means of U-2 plane) that the Soviets had indeed been building nuclear missiles on Cuba. This crisis left Kennedy with five main options. Number one- he could do nothing. This could work in that the USA still had more missiles than the USSR and that there could be a mutual agreement between the two nations if the USA did not over react to the discovery of missiles on Cuba. On the contrary, the USSR had lied about Cuban missiles and to do nothing would be a sign of solemn weakness. His next option would be to order a surgical air attack. This would destroy the missiles before they were ready for use by the Soviets. However the destruction of the sites could not be guaranteed and the risk of a counter attack was too great. To attack without advance warning was also viewed upon as immoral. Kennedy's third option would be to launch an invasion. ...read more.


the Soviet Government has given a new order to dismantle the arms which you described as offensive and to crate and return them to the Soviet Union". The Cuban Missile Crisis was over. The Cuban Missile Crisis occurred because of the introduction of Fidel Castro and the Soviet influence to Cuba and the foreign policy of the Americans to get rid of it. There were a number of incidents which occurred such as the October Crisis and the Bay of Pigs Fiasco which fuelled tension on both sides whose trust of each other waned as the crisis developed. Originally it is fair to say that American Policy itself could have been responsible for the onset of the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Cuban Missile Crisis was finally resolved by a series of letters sent between Kennedy and Khrushchev who finally came to an understanding before the worst could happen... nuclear ware fare. One thing which would have been a main preventative of this was the fear of nuclear war fare, not just in the USA and the USSR but in the entire world over those two weeks in October, 1962. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    A regimes popularity determines how successful it is. The greater the popularity, the more stable the power base. By the 1990s the popularity of the CPSU was at a low. Gorbachev is to blame to a certain extent, however the underlying reason go beyond just him.

  2. Explain why the USA and the Soviet Union did not trust eachother after the ...

    So he decided that the western powers must be forced out of Berlin. On the 24th of June 1948 the USSR closed all road, rail and canal links through the soviet sector into West Berlin. This was known as the Berlin Blockade.

  1. Suez Canal Crisis

    In each source we can see that there is a sense of precaution that is coming from the British. In source G Sir Eden has insinuated that he wants to rid of, in his eyes, an evolving monster, that could possibly create a threat to their nations.

  2. The relationship between the two superpowers of USA and Russia worsened between 1959 and ...

    America and Russia viewed each other's leaders, this cause is linked to the Bay of Pigs fiasco and the letters Khruschev sent to Kennedy. The USA saw Khruschev as unreliable as he sent JFK two letters, the first of which Khruschev asked America not to attack Cuba and stop the

  1. Cuban Missile Crisis Sources Questions

    It draws on both the Soviet and American perspectives, as the Soviets see the USA guilty of an "anti-Cuban propaganda campaign" i.e. the USA's attempt at conspiring against the Cuban leader, Fidel Castro. To the Soviets, the implications of American re-involvement in Cuba were threatening to say the least, as

  2. History Cuba Missile Crisis

    JFK reluctantly accepted this proposal but asked Khruschev to keep it a secret that America would withdraw weapons from Turkey. The consequences of the "13 days Cuban Missile Crisis "highlighted how easily international relations could break down. So USA and USSR set up the following measures to prevent such an event recurring.

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    Briefly explain Khrushchev?s challenge to the USA over Berlin in the years 1957-60 (6 marks) Khrushchev thought that the new president, J.F Kennedy, was weak because he was young and inexperienced. He demanded that Kennedy move US troops out of Berlin and gave him sixth months to do so.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    USSR saw opportunity to spread communism amongst developing Arab nations (little success) * To an extent, superpowers could be manipulated by the two sides involved in the Middle Eastern conflict. Israel's leaders could point to the voting power of America's sizeable Jewish population when lobbying support from US presidents.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work