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Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by Germany in 1940-1949? The Second World War began at 11am on the 3rd September 1939, to many the outbreak of war was unsurprising

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Introduction

Q1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by Germany in 1940-1949? The Second World War began at 11am on the 3rd September 1939, to many the outbreak of war was unsurprising as it had been apparent that a war was on its way since the previous year in September 1938, due to the fact that war had almost broke out during the Munich crisis and as Hitler became more and more demanding. There are many causes of the war, however the main and the most apparent cause was the treaty of Versailles, as many people believed that the Treaty of Versailles had been extremely unfair and overly harsh on the Germans. Hitler was one such person; he believed that the Germans had been unfairly treated and that he must right the wrongdoing of the treaty of Versailles. For example Hitler, had begun to break the treaty, such as putting his soldiers in the Rhineland, rebuilding his army and not paying the reparations that were crippling Germany's economy. Although these things were done secretly at first, when France and Britain discovered that Germany had in fact been breaking the treaty they agreed that the treaty had been overly harsh on Germany, and decided to follow their policy of appeasement in the hope of avoiding another war. ...read more.

Middle

We can tell that these campaigns worked because by 1943 there were more than 1.4 million allotments, meaning that more than half of the working class owned their own allotment. The phoney war ended in April 1940 when Germany invaded Denmark and Norway, Hitler then in May 1940 invaded Holland, Belgium and France, in the midst of all these attacks Neville Chamberlain resigned as Prime Minister and was replaced by Winston Churchill who for the war formed a coalition government of all the political parties, so that Britain could pull together in an attempt to win the war. During Hitler's attack on France in 1940 a very famous and memorable event occurred in Dunkirk, which will be forever known as the miracle of Dunkirk. As between the 27th May and 4th June, during the battle of Dunkirk the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) found itself forced onto the beaches of Calais and Dunkirk, they were outflanked and had no options other than to perform a daring and risky feat, as the soldiers had to be saved by operation Dynamo in which the Soldiers were transported off the beach by the Royal Navy and privately owned boats. Although brave and daring this operation was nonetheless successful as other 340,000 men were saved in this way. ...read more.

Conclusion

With the end of the battle of Britain Hitler decide to change his tactics, he ceased the daylight attacks on the RAF, and instead sent the Luftwaffe on night time attacks on London and many of Britain's other major cities, this was known as the blitz and it had three main purposes; to destroy transport, ruin the countries industry and to lower the British people's morale by destroying their homes and killing their family members, this terrified the British public and caused wide spread panic. On Hitler's first attack on London, Britain was caught completely off-guard, this allowed Hitler to carefully choose his targets, so he could destroy major points of industry or even to destroy transport, so he got a free chance to attack the London Docks, the Woolwich Arsenal and armament factories in Silver town. The result of this first attack was 430 Londoners dead and 1600 people were injured. This was devastating and brought great fear and upheaval n the country. So the main cities of Britain were bombed originally to destroy the RAF and weaken the British air force substantially, however after Operation Sea Lion was scrapped the bombings became an attempt to achieve three main goals, to destroy British transport, destroy British industry and to break the morale of the British people by performing night time terror bombings. ?? ?? ?? ?? Thomas Bartlett 11/01/06 1 ...read more.

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