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Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germanys in 1940 - 1941?

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Introduction

The Blitz 1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germanys in 1940 - 1941? The major cities of Britain were bombed because of many reasons. The Germans main aim was to lower the morale of the British population. They also wanted to disrupt the British transport and all of its major industries. Also Hitler bombed the British cities because of their failure at the battle of Britain. On August the 20th 1940 Hitler launched a massive air assault on the British and lost the direct air fight but because he had great pride in his air force he wasn't going to give up that easily. Initially it was quite easy for the Germans to whittle down the British fighter numbers as it only took them five minutes to fly across the channel to Britain but it took the RAF fifteen minutes to get up high enough to fight with the German planes. Then on august 13th 1940 "Eagle Day" fourteen hundred German plains flew over the channel in the biggest air attack ever on Britain. The Germans managed to take out forty-six British fighters in one raid. Furthermore the British navy prevented a German invasion fleet from building up and no invasion could have proceeded with out air control over the British skies and the Germans never totally established this. ...read more.

Middle

But not all of Britain felt this, only those that lived in the major cities and who couldn't afford to buy protection of move out of town. The bombs fell most heavily on places like the East End of London as it was near the docks so the bombs were not spread evenly across the city. This is why the experience of the Blitz mainly affected the lower class. The upper and middle class could pay to stay in basement clubs and be protected from the bombs. The evacuation was an affect on the whole of the British population and it is probably the only affect of the Blitz that affected every one as when there children were evacuated they were sent out into the country side to live with foster parents. Many children were evacuated in anticipation of the Blitz but because of the long gap in between the evacuation and when the bombing started, many of the children were back in the cities by then. This caused many shelters and hospital beds to be used by children that shouldn't have been there. About one million five hundred thousand people were evacuated in 1939. The evacuation mixed the upper and lower classes and the town's people and the country folk, so every one was affected by the evacuation. There was much planning in the built up to the Blitz where the government issued shelters and build public ones as well. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Royal family and Churchill also went on daily visits to the bombsites during the day and spoke to people trying to raise morale; this helped raised the morale of people that were suffering from the bombings. This made people feel more connected with the King and Queen and realised how human they were and they came out of this in a good light. Also the royals and Churchill stayed in London during the bombings and people respected them for that. Churchill also went to these places occasionally he wasn't treated as well as the Royal family but he did raise morale with these trips and they were a success. As a distraction for the public the government also got them to give in their pots and pans and any scrap metal they have, they said to the public that this will help them build more air craft but really this metal was completely useless to them but they did it to make the public feel they are helping in the war effort and to stop them from thinking about the war. I believe that the government were very successful in hiding the effects of the blitz from the public, as it is still a well-believed myth that Britain actually did "lick its wounds after Hitler's night of terror" and that there were not serious damage to the British morale. They used all their power to accomplish this and the blitz myth was and still is believed by many people. Josh Day ...read more.

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