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Why were there different reactions in the US

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Introduction

Why were there different reactions in the US Towards the conflict? During the 1960's, there were many changes in views on the Vietnam War. The reason why there were different reactions was because there were major turning points in the war then, which affected whether there was any morality in fighting. The opinions changed from pro-war to ant-war, which for example led to things such as peace talks as a result of atrocities and war crimes committed which were revealed to the public. However, at the beginning of the war pretty much most of America were pro-war (they supported it). They supported it because they were mainly influenced by the media, who made communism out to be the 'ultimate evil' and that it was set to take over the world-the Domino Theory. Propaganda heavily influenced the lives of the Americans e.g. anybody who was even suspected to sympathise with a communist party could instantly loose their job. ...read more.

Middle

Even though the Tet Offensive came as a large comeback from the VC (with more than 500 Americans dead or wounded within the first 3 weeks of Tet), it was still seen as an American victory. This is because 47% of people killed during the Tet Offensive were VC, and only 2% were US deaths. The VC suffered at least 30,000 casualties from this and never recovered. Even though the opinion of the war was changing in America, people still supported it for patriotic reasons and because of being influenced by the media. Different views came into contact and resulted in social upheaval, and new social groups, most of the anti-war cliques were made up of the young. Groups of youths opposed the war. Groups such as college students-self explanatory, or 'hippies'; who were teenagers who had 'dropped-out' of society in protest against the war, opposed the war because they thought it was morally wrong. ...read more.

Conclusion

This justifies how the pro-war attitude of the soldiers changed to anti-war; it seemed to them the only way to 'escape the fighting'. Overall, I think that the main reasons why the reaction to the war changed over time was because of the turning points of the war: The Tet Offensive, which brought up the question if the Americans were really winning the war, or the My Lai Massacre which had been revealed over a year later showed that the US tried to cover up the atrocities that they committed. I also think it was because of the amount of troops that began to be killed towards the end of the war which contributed to a change in attitude. As morale issues began to take over soldiers, and they disobeyed orders, the reality of fighting a pointless war made sense; resulting in approx. 14,000 deaths in 1968, which caused much grief among the citizens. In conclusion, views on the war in Vietnam changed, resulting in a social change, which escalated the issue furthermore, leading to different views globally and peace talks in Paris under the pressure of the view change. ...read more.

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