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Why Were Towns Such As Jarrow Particularly Badly Hit By The Depression?

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Introduction

Why were towns such as Jarrow particularly badly hit by the depression? Jarrow is a town situated in the North East of England, about 10 miles from Newcastle. Jarrow remained a small town until the introduction of heavy industries like coal mining and shipbuilding. Charles Mark Palmer established a shipyard - Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company Limited - here in 1852 and became the first armour-plate manufacturer in the world. Palmers were also accountable for the first modern cargo ship, as well as a number of notable warships. In this essay I will examine the reasons why small industrial towns such as, Jarrow, were devastated by the great depression. ...read more.

Middle

Moreover the return to the Gold Standard made British goods far more expensive on the world market. Also foreign countries were enforcing protectionism policies on all foreign goods which meant there were high taxes placed on imports which made it harder for Britain to sell her goods. All of these factors together resulted in a huge slow down of the British economy. In 1933 British export earnings fell to just under �400m compared with �800m 10 years before. This then resulted in a rise in unemployment, figures rose from 1.25m in 1928 to an astronomical 3m in 1933. Furthermore the British staple industries were all connected to one another, and relied on each other to survive, a good example of this is if we think about the decline of shipbuilding industry and the affects it had on Britain's other traditional industries. ...read more.

Conclusion

textiles. This meant that most of the town would be employed by that one textile factory. When that factory was losing money or shut down most of the town would be left unemployed and there were very few other job opportunities available for those people left redundant. This is what happened around most of the industrial towns throughout Britain. In conclusion I feel that the main reason why towns like Jarrow were so badly affected by the great depression is that these towns were all built around a particular industry. This meant that when the factory closed down most of the town were left unemployed with no local job opportunities therefore falling into extreme poverty and living in appalling conditions. Andreas Chace ...read more.

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