• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were troops sent to Northern Ireland

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Luke Pollin ASSIGNMENT 2. Word Count:1182 Why were British troops sent to Northern Ireland? British troops were sent to Northern Ireland in 1969 for a variety of different reasons. These were that Northern Ireland had been facing many long-term tensions and that Britain was the only force that could regain the control that had been lost in Northern Ireland. Almost 40 years ago British troops were sent into Northern Ireland because of many conflicts due to the segregation and discrimination of the two religions, Catholic and Protestants. British government tried to help by sending in their on soldiers as discrimination of Catholics got so bad that they lost trust in the RUC ,who were mostly Protestant at the time. At this point in time Catholics in Northern Ireland were at a major disadvantage, not only were they outnumbered and faced fierce Protestant opposition, but many were unemployed and their children had to go to the worst schools and a vast majority of them lived in run- down areas Catholic children were put in the worst schools, whilst the Protestant children were put in the very best schools. ...read more.

Middle

Also they maybe threatened with violence by the IRA to become a part of the republic of Ireland. The Police in Northern Ireland were 99.9% Protestant and extremely unfair and violent towards Catholics, they would even attack innocent Catholics for no reason .On some occasions the Police even led the Catholic marchers into traps, here they were met by violent Protestant Unionists, the outcome was inevitable, violence. The 'B- Specials' were created - this was a unit within the police, that were 99.9% Protestant. They were called in by the Unionists, to act like a police force, they were violent to the Catholics aswell. Another reason to cause problems in Northern Ireland was the Act of Union, this meant that Irelands parliament was closed and England had control over Irelands law, which were passed in Westminster in London. For example, there were certain restrictions on the jobs that Roman Catholic could do under English rule. The main cause of this whole all this was the Battle of Bogside. Before this was the annual Apprentice Boys March in Londonderry. ...read more.

Conclusion

There was a danger of the violence spreading across the province, tension started to build in many towns, the most serious fighting was in Belfast, the Catholics were attacked by the Protestants who were afraid that the country was being invaded. James Chichester-Clark had little choice but to call the British Troops into Northern Ireland. The British army was seen as a neutral force, they would not take sides like the RUC did. There were many reasons why British Troops were sent to Northern Ireland. The official reason was to protect the catholic population against Loyalist attacks however it was soon realised that this was not in fact their intention and that the conflict that they were involved in were not always benefiting the Catholics but rather the Protestants, there increased involvement with the RUC also caused British to be hated amongst Catholics. The last of the reasons was that British believed that the IRA was planning to launch an uprising in Belfast. Such a large force as the IRA could cause havoc throughout Northern Ireland if it was not stopped in time. But the British were wrong because the IRA were lacking weapons, manpower and even the support to plan such an attack ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Why were troops sent to Northern Irelamd

    Catholics also had less political power. The police were mainly Protestants and there was the B-specials who were a reserve police force that could be called in if needed, they were allowed to keep their own weapons, as they were usually Protestants, this worried the Catholics.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    That is, I think, probably the supreme reason why the IRA has had to endure as much as it has had. You know, we're talking about, for the most part, working-class youth, with no great sophistication, fighting against one of the supreme military operations in the Western world, against overwhelming odds, against huge...

  1. Co-operation and Conflict - Northern Ireland and Republic of Ireland.

    After this point and onwards, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland were and are known as 2 different countries with separate Governments. So regarding in mind all the issues that have been presented, all of the factors have played a big role in the destruction of Ireland to some extent but some issues have throughout the conflict been present.

  2. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    The SDLP left the Northern Ireland Forum on 13th July 1996 in protest at the handling of the events surrounding the 'stand-off' at Drumcree. The SDLP is currently involved in the multi-party talks at Stormont. The SDLPs attitude towards the peace process is that they are in favour of it.

  1. Why were british troops sent into northern ireland in 1969?

    Like many people had guessed, things did turn ugly and when they arrived at Burntollet Bridge, waiting for them, were a whole lot of angry Protestants. The Protestants violently attacked the marchers and only 30 of the 80 marchers were uninjured when they arrived at Derry.

  2. Divisions between Northern Irelands two main traditions.

    Although it must be stressed propaganda was not only a Protestant tool, Catholics did the same with Oliver Cromwell's massacre in Wexford and Dundalk in 1649. This source on the plantation cannot directly be associated with the 1969 troubles. As there have been many examples of Catholics and Protestant since 1641.

  1. Northern Ireland's conflict is a tangle of interrelated questions. What should be the essential ...

    Within several generations the broad outlines of the conflict had been established. The territory contained two groups who differed in political allegiance, religious practice and cultural values. One group believed that their land had been stolen, while the other was in a constant state of apprehension.

  2. Why were British troops sent into Northern Ireland in 1969?

    crop: Its effects were severely worsened by the mismanagement and inactions of the British government. Altogether, about a million people in Ireland are estimated to have died as a result of the famine, and some one million were forced into emigration.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work