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World War 1 and 2

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Introduction

World War I was the result of leaders' hostility towards other countries which was supported by the rising nationalism of the European nations. Economic and imperial competition and fear of war provoked military alliances and an arms race, which further fuelled the tension contributing to the outbreak of war. This war transformed political and social structures in Europe in many different ways. This in large part had to do with the Versailles Treaty, which basically blamed Germany for the war and they were stripped of practically everything. This was the primary cause of Adolf Hitler's and Germanys uprising in the 1930's which eventually started World War II. Nationalism posed a problem for Austria-Hungary and the Balkans, areas consisting of many conflicting national groups. Imperialism increased the rivalry in Europe because Great Britain, Germany, and France needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution. ...read more.

Middle

Virtually all countries that participated in World War I were involved in World War II. It was the most extensive and expensive apocalyptic armed conflict in the history of the World. Attributed in varying degrees to the Treaty of Versailles, the Great Depression, nationalism, and militarism, the causes of the war are a matter of debate. On which date the war began is also debated, cited as either the German invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939, the Japanese invasion of China on 7 July 1937 (the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War), or earlier yet the 1931 Japanese invasion of Manchuria. Still others argue that the two world wars are one conflict separated only by a "ceasefire". The war came about because of the depression. The world powers were struggling, but they still had their natural resources to maintain their way of life. Germany, Italy, and Japan however relied on foreign trade for food and raw materials. ...read more.

Conclusion

1944 * Allies land at Anzio and bomb monastery at Monte Cassino. * Soviet offensive gathers pace in Eastern Europe. * D Day: The Allied invasion of France. Paris is liberated in August. * Guam liberated by the US Okinawa, and Iwo Jima bombed. 1945 * Auschwitz liberated by Soviet troops. * Russians reach Berlin: Hitler commits suicide and Germany surrenders on 7 May. * Truman becomes President of the US on Roosevelt's death, and Attlee replaces Churchill. * After atomic bombs are dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan surrenders on 14 August. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/interactive/animations/western_front/index.shtml Above is the link showing the animation of the Western Front, 1914 - 1918 Animation Yet this academic research has had almost no impact on popular understanding. This should not be a cause for despair or disdain. Societies have always misrepresented the past in an attempt to understand the present. The misuse of World War one and two ensures that it remains in the public consciousness, and that those who fought are, however inaccurately, remembered. It remains to be seen how long that memory will last beyond the hundredth anniversaries in 2014-2018. ...read more.

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