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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: ICT
  • Word count: 2648

History of the Internet

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ASSIGNMENT 1 Development of the Internet E-Commerce, BTEC National Diploma in Computing, year 1 To: Adam Smith From: Marina Guseva Date: 31 October 2002 History of the Internet The global communications network has come a long way since 1969, when a few room-sized machines connected four universities in America, to today where the internet underpins corporate networking. In 1957 The USSR launches Sputnik, the first artificial earth satellite. In response, the United States forms the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) within the Department of Defense (DoD) to establish US lead in science and technology applicable to the military. They were trying to figure out an important strategic problem: they needed a military network that could survive a nuclear strike, decentralized so that if any locations (cities) in the U.S. were attacked, the military could still have control. Communicational network of the day was chained point-to-point which meant that each link was dependent on the link before it. This is when an idea of a complex network connection was conceived, the new structure would allow information to find its own way to the destination point even if some part of the network would be destroyed. 1961 In July Leonard Kleinrock publishes the first paper on packet switching theory, which forms the basis for the creation of the Internet. ...read more.


Business & the Internet Internet has dramatically changed the way the business is being conducted. The Internet, initially used by scientists, has become vital for business. Many companies exist solely on-line and make their profits only by trading on the Internet. Some of these companies have grown into some of the largest retailers. Other companies provide information and services to assist businesses and individuals with a variety of tasks. All have in common the use of the Internet to attract and interact with customers that they may have never had otherwise. World Wide Web is a great help for companies to let the customers know that the business exits. It has enabled companies to operate globally without necessarily having any physical presence outside of one location, and operations can be integrated efficiently through the Internet medium. The Web is arguably the most powerful advertising tool used in today's business world. Three years ago a web site was a bit of a novelty but today it's an essential marketing tool. People go to the web everyday to compare products and services before buying. The growth of e-commerce has definitely changed the way many companies do business. Looking back a few years ago, companies were limited geographically but with the ecommerce these barriers are removed, which allows even small companies go internationally. ...read more.


Other business companies would be benefited from eprocurement by getting listed on the eBay's web site. Their needs * Buyers, who are interested in purchasing the products * Sellers, who are interested in selling the products * The web site, which allows to make a bargain and all the transactions IBM.com (B2B) Business model This is an example of business-to-business e-commerce, based on Internet technology. IBM communicates and exchanges products with other corporations. Their system IBM - International Business Machines - is the global company and a leader in information technology. It is a reputable manufacturer, which provides high-quality business/military/medical equipment, computer hardware and software, mainly to large organizations. Before making the equipment they need to buy the row material. They place an on-line inquiry and then suppliers offer bids over the Internet and IBM chooses the most competitive bid. There is an on-line catalogue on their web site where all the products and services IBM offers are listed. IBM is also listed on on-line Stock Market and relays on shareholders. In 2001 it had 673,967 shareholders. Effectiveness of their web site The web site is a crucial part of IBM business. There is a choice of 68 different countries/languages where you can easily jump to and read about IBM's activity in there. It also has a built in search engine to help customers find needed information and make the navigation as easy as possible. ...read more.

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Response to the question

The report states how the internet was created and set-up and gives an accurate timeline of any developments that has occurred though-out the years. In addition, the report states how the Internet has had its effect on businesses, which is ...

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Response to the question

The report states how the internet was created and set-up and gives an accurate timeline of any developments that has occurred though-out the years. In addition, the report states how the Internet has had its effect on businesses, which is in-detail and discusses how this is being used by a number of businesses in order to generates sales via eCommerce.

Level of analysis

The report bullet points a number of improvements which could be implemented by eCommerce websites to improve their revenue streams. This is quite basic, and for high marks the student would need to justify each reason. For example, being able to take orders from across the world, allows the business to receive orders from any location, rather than one location using their store within the high-street. Thus, this is a more effective method of selling products. On the flip side, the report states how intermediaries are effected due to eCommerce, and this section is in-depth and detailed. This is due to that the background understanding is quite high, and the student uses the case study of Amazon.com to back up their background knowledge.

Quality of writing

The structure of the report is quite good, as it has a little abit it's background and it's set out as an timeline, which gives a certain year and the developments of the Internet. The report states technical terms such as 'DoD' and ARPA', where the reports explains what these terms means and in-depth. Further on within the report, the student uses the term 'C2C' (Consumer To Consumer) and explains this term well. Their have provided the example of eBay, to allow the reader to understand with ease. The sections 'C2C', 'B2B' and 'B2C' are all described well and are in-depth, alongside a suitable example.

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