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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: ICT
  • Word count: 3592

Recent years have seen an upsurge of interest in the World War II era with such movies as Saving Private Ryan and Tom Brokaw's book The Greatest Generation.

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Introduction

THE DIGITIZATION OF SONGS, PLAYS, AND MUSICALS, FROM WORLD WAR II 7/9/01 L595/5312 Kopczynski Introduction: Recent years have seen an upsurge of interest in the World War II era with such movies as Saving Private Ryan and Tom Brokaw's book The Greatest Generation. A prominent feature of many of these cultural products has been a concern with greater realism in the portrayal of the feeling if not the substance of the era. The collection that our Digital Library Program plans to digitize can be placed at the intersection of both the feeling and the substance of the age. IU's Government Publications department is a Government Document Depository and is home to the entire collection of 110 War Department documents promoting the purchase of war bonds. Created between 1942 and 1945, this collection includes plays, musicals, songbooks and advertisements by soldiers and civilians. Some of these creators went on to great renown, such as Guys 'N' Dolls librettist Frank Loesser. Our mission is to increase awareness and to support research and educational experiences of the WWII era through digital reproductions and a searchable database with numerous access points. Our goal is to create a user-friendly digital library with advanced searching capabilities supported by well-planned information architecture that is suitable for present technologies and adaptable for those of the future. We anticipate a diverse community of users, including scholars, WWII aficionados, documentary filmmakers, photojournalists, genealogists and high school and college teachers. All materials involved in the project are either in the public domain-they were, after all, paid for and made by the public-or else will belong to the Digital Library Program and will be freely available to the public. ...read more.

Middle

composed by amateurs, and/or (b) written or adapted by children, and because the publication of songs of this type is rare. In addition, the three complete musicals-perhaps the most professional items in the collection--will pique an interest in theater historians, historical musicologists, and possibly professional and amateur theater producers looking for a new hit show in today's revival market. We also believe this collection will prove valuable to those interested in wartime images. Documentary filmmakers and photojournalists, as well as academic researchers, often complain about the canonization of a particular core of images that happens to reside in the Smithsonian Archives. This collection 5 would make available visual perspectives of the World War II era to which photojournalists have not yet given a voice. Those interested in genealogy might be interested in using this collection to find special information about their relatives and friends. This collection is interesting in that many of its materials link together specific names and places. There is, for example, a newspaper clipping of a woman winning a war song contest in Akron, OH. Family members may have only seen that clipping in the original newspaper, but may never have known that the U.S. government nationally recognized the incident. High school and college teachers could make use of this material to present multiple perspectives on WWII. On one hand, professors could highlight the propagandistic, jingoistic nature of these materials-one gets a fresh insight into how the U.S. government was promoting the war on every level. On the other hand, professors could highlight this period as a time when the government was encouraging great quantities of artistic expression from amateurs and semiprofessionals, a time when there were numerous prizes and awards being given to encourage creativity. ...read more.

Conclusion

9 We will then format the OCR text and display on a text only version of the site; users will be able to download pages quickly for easy reading, and will have a second way to browse the material. We feel OCR is a preferable method of input to manual key entry because of many the unique text formatting issues. With manual key entry, a typist would need to use extra time to determine a new margin layout for each given song or poem, while with OCR, the computer will be able to quickly accomplish this task. The OCR processing will also allow us to extract materials from the objects and organize them in ways that are more meaningful; users probably will not be searching by object, but instead by the genre of material within the object. On the home page, for example, the user will be able to access an index and jump to a sub-index of all the song lyrics by title, song lyrics by first line (common in many song indexes), materials by year, materials by genre, or perhaps of composers and authors. Users who come to the site looking specifically for materials related to Frank Loesser will have the option of moving directly to our index rather than using the search engine. A special component of our project will be the recordings that we will make of each piece of sheet music in the collection. Users will be able to hear what the music may have sounded like. This is particularly valuable in the many cases of song lyrics in the collection that bear the inscription, "Sung to the tune of.... ...read more.

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