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What is ICT and why is it important?

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Introduction

What is ICT and why is it important? Information and communications technology (ICT) is generally regarded as the overlap of computer information and telecommunications technologies, and their applications. In this document the term ICT is used to indicate the whole range of technologies involved in information processing and electronic communications, including the internet, electronic mail and videoconferencing. In recent years ICT has had, and is continuing to have, an increasingly significant impact on all aspects of society. There are few areas of life, at home and in work, where this new technology has not made an impact. ICT expands our access to, and understanding of, the world at large. It allows people in all areas life to benefit from the power of computers as a personal tool, to collaborate in groups and to communicate locally and globally. ...read more.

Middle

Schools have a special responsibility to ensure that young people receive the provision that they are entitled to. As the 5-14 stages represent 9 out of the 11 years of compulsory education, they have a key role to play in developing ICT capability. Several aspects of ICT are particularly significant for schools. These are: * the importance of developing ICT skills to meet the needs of the individual and society * exploiting the potential of ICT to support learning and teaching across the curriculum * the uses of ICT to support broader educational aims, such as positive dispositions towards learning, enhanced presentation of work, problem solving and investigative approaches * the potential for communicating and researching locally and globally, including access to a global bank of information * the ability to share ideas and work collaboratively * the ability to access expertise through a variety of techniques. ...read more.

Conclusion

They have also clearly identified the impact of ICT on future prosperity in a knowledge-based economy. The overall aim of ICT 5-14 must, however, relate to the development of the knowledge, skills and informed attitudes of individual pupils; thus the aim is: * to develop in young people knowledge, skills and informed attitudes in relation to information and communications technology. A number of objectives derive from this broad statement of aim. ICT in 5-14 will encourage pupils to: * develop confidence and skills in using ICT * make use of ICT to create and present their own ideas and material * use ICT to collect and analyse structured information and to solve problems * employ ICT to search for information and to research topics * use ICT to communicate and collaborate with others * employ ICT to control and model aspects of the environment * be aware of and be informed about the applications and implications of ICT in society. 1 Philip O'Kane ...read more.

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