• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

An Investigation into the Effect of Chunking on recall

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Ben Ankers                Psychology Coursework

An Investigation into the Effect of Chunking on recall

Introduction

        Chunking is one technique used in mnemonics, to help us to improve our memories. Another technique is imagery, which involves making images in your head which links the words or ideas that you would like to remember. This imagery technique was created by Raugh and Atkinson, who thought that it might help people learn vocabulary in foreign language. They found that twice as many words were remembered by the participants that used this technique.

        Bower found that organisation could improve recall, when words are organised into semantic groups, where words were put into groups of similar meaning, topic or category.

...read more.

Middle

        In many psychological studies there is an Independent Variable and a Dependent Variable. The Independent Variable is the thing that changes and affects the Dependent Variable, and the Dependent Variable is the result. In our study, we have identified the layout of the words as the Independent Variable and the number of words remembered as the Dependent Variable. The layout could be either a list of mixed up words or five boxes containing semantically linked groups of words.

        We believe that more words will be remembered by the participants memorising the words that have been organised. However, we are not sure as to the extent at which the

...read more.

Conclusion

Procedure – We will test the memories of the participants in mass and give them the words to memorise for thirty seconds and pass around after that time. They may then have as long as they would like to complete writing the list of words that they can remember. The tests will be performed after lunch because it is the time when most people have a lot of free time.

Ethics – When we approached the participants, we gave them all the same speech about what we would like them to do and we kept the results secret to prevent stress resulting from bad performance or social embarrassment.

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

  1. Features explaining the effectiveness of the spoken sermon and features demonstrating subtleties of communication ...

    The rallentando, the increase in speed of the speech (line 9), comes at the end of a point; the speaker rushes to conclude this and moves on to the next. However, perhaps as a direct result of the speed, there follows a pause of two and a half seconds, the converse side to the hurry preceding it.

  2. memory. This experiment is a replication of the 1973 study conducted by Gordon ...

    Though this participant did not distort the final results, the control group was not intended to use this technique for memorization. To eliminate the laughing, the researchers could separate the participants completely, creating an area for each subject. If alone, the experiment would benefit from a more distraction free environment.

  1. Are participants more likely to recall a list of words, when words are accompanied ...

    In an experiment into imagery as an aid to learning Richardson (1974)* tested the free recall of a list of 'concrete' and 'abstract' words. The interval at which the stimulus was presented and recalling it were varied, and Richardson concluded that words were recalled significantly more effectively from the long

  2. THE STROOP EFFECT: FURTHER TESTS OF THE ATTENTION-CAPTURE HYPOTHESIS

    This response conflict hypothesis also assumes that attention plays no part, with all potential responses being processed. However, more recent research has tended to contradict this theory. Adopting the Gestaltist distinction between objects and their properties, Kahneman and Henik (1981)

  1. Investigation into the effect of homophone training on reaction times for a forced choice ...

    This differs from Underwood's (1988) lexicon decision task where participants were asked to decide if a single stimulus was a word or not. According to Underwood's findings it is expected that in this study for the training that includes homophones the reaction times for dismissing pseudohomophones and accepting the other

  2. An investigation into whether participants recall more words with a familiar topic than they ...

    Also mental processes can be interpreted as information processing through a system, in a series of stages, step by step. Atkinson and Shiffrin built a model including three memory stores: a sensory store, a short-term store and a long-term store.

  1. Introduction to English language.

    If the noun is plural or already has an s, then often only an apostrophe need be added: the mothers' union (that is, a union of many mothers). The word of may also be used to show possession: the top of the house, the light of the candle, the Duke of Wellington.

  2. The effect of emotional words on repression.

    The experimental hypothesis for this experiment would be that there will be a difference in the number of words recalled, but it is not clear in which condition this will take place. A direct hypothesis cannot be given, due to the inconsistencies in the background research.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work