• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

An Investigation into the Effect of Chunking on recall

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Ben Ankers                Psychology Coursework

An Investigation into the Effect of Chunking on recall

Introduction

        Chunking is one technique used in mnemonics, to help us to improve our memories. Another technique is imagery, which involves making images in your head which links the words or ideas that you would like to remember. This imagery technique was created by Raugh and Atkinson, who thought that it might help people learn vocabulary in foreign language. They found that twice as many words were remembered by the participants that used this technique.

        Bower found that organisation could improve recall, when words are organised into semantic groups, where words were put into groups of similar meaning, topic or category.

...read more.

Middle

        In many psychological studies there is an Independent Variable and a Dependent Variable. The Independent Variable is the thing that changes and affects the Dependent Variable, and the Dependent Variable is the result. In our study, we have identified the layout of the words as the Independent Variable and the number of words remembered as the Dependent Variable. The layout could be either a list of mixed up words or five boxes containing semantically linked groups of words.

        We believe that more words will be remembered by the participants memorising the words that have been organised. However, we are not sure as to the extent at which the

...read more.

Conclusion

Procedure – We will test the memories of the participants in mass and give them the words to memorise for thirty seconds and pass around after that time. They may then have as long as they would like to complete writing the list of words that they can remember. The tests will be performed after lunch because it is the time when most people have a lot of free time.

Ethics – When we approached the participants, we gave them all the same speech about what we would like them to do and we kept the results secret to prevent stress resulting from bad performance or social embarrassment.

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

  1. Features explaining the effectiveness of the spoken sermon and features demonstrating subtleties of communication ...

    The rallentando, the increase in speed of the speech (line 9), comes at the end of a point; the speaker rushes to conclude this and moves on to the next. However, perhaps as a direct result of the speed, there follows a pause of two and a half seconds, the converse side to the hurry preceding it.

  2. memory. This experiment is a replication of the 1973 study conducted by Gordon ...

    Though this participant did not distort the final results, the control group was not intended to use this technique for memorization. To eliminate the laughing, the researchers could separate the participants completely, creating an area for each subject. If alone, the experiment would benefit from a more distraction free environment.

  1. THE STROOP EFFECT: FURTHER TESTS OF THE ATTENTION-CAPTURE HYPOTHESIS

    It aims firstly to reproduce the basic Stroop effect, and then to replicate the finding of MacLeod and Hodder (1998) that no more interference will be found for two different incongruent words than for two identical incongruent words. It also proposes to examine whether the 'dilution effect' observed by Kahneman and Chajcek (1983)

  2. Introduction to English language.

    This allows us to write such things as "Paragraph x , clause y of the Sale of Goods Act, 1979 protects consumers." Here clause identifies the unit of syntax (and its meaning or semantic content) but may not in every case exactly match the models explained here or in grammatical reference works.

  1. An Investigation into the Stroop Effect using words and shapes.

    "I would like to thank you for taking part. The purpose of these results is to investigate whether the colour words interfered when you were concentrating on reading the surrounding shape. If u took a longer amount of time when reading the surrounding shapes this may be true.

  2. The aim of this experiment is to test the trainer for is suitability for ...

    Resistance to wear Introduction Wear is the term used for something that is being rubbed against something else hard and making the thing smaller, for example we use a rubber to erase the mistakes we make on paper and when we rub the rubber against the paper and bits fall off the rubber and makes the rubber smaller.

  1. AS Psychology Coursework- Research on Deeper Processing

    just presented to an individual, but also explained, it will be much easier to remember. Furthermore, the levels of processing experiment showed that semantic is the deepest processing level possible. This leads to a conclusion that semantic analysis results in deeper processing, which results in a longer lasting memory.

  2. Investigation into the effect of homophone training on reaction times for a forced choice ...

    In this study the effect of homophone training on the presence of the pseudohomophone effect will be examined using a forced choice lexical decision task. Participants will be presented with two letter strings presented simultaneously, one of which will be a pseudohomophone a homophone or a regular non word and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work